New Labour in Power (1997-2007)

mcleishy's version from 2015-04-17 16:23

Section 1

Question Answer
Blair claimed that his government would be "big tent", what was the name given to his political philosophy? The Third Way
What percentage of the votes cast in the 1997 election were for Labour?43%
How many votes did Labour receive in 1997, compared to the Conservatives in 1992?500 000
What electoral factors helped Labour's 1997 "Landslide"?Conservatives staying at home, and tactical voting for Liberal candidates
What was the name given to Blair's female cabinet members?"Blair's Babes"
Which capable politicians did Blair employ in the foreign office, home secretary, and in education?Robin Cook, Jack Straw, and David Blunkett
When did Blair and Brown first enter parliament?1983
In what year was Blair and Brown's political marriage arranged at the Granita Restaurant in Islington? 1994
How did Foreign Secretary Robin Cook describe Labour's foreign policy?"foreign policy with an ethical dimension"
What were Blair's crime and education slogans?"tough on crime, tough on the causes of crime", and "education, education, education"
Which Liberal-Democrat is Blair rumoured to have offered a Cabinet Position to?Paddy Ashdown
Labour worked with the Liberal-Democrats for a fairer electoral system; who was head a Commission for Electoral Reform?Roy Jenkins
What three explanations have been given for Labour's inability to deliver all their promises during their first term?There were too many promises /// Blair acted cautiously due to fear of the press, and many Labour MP's still though like an opposition /// Blair was obsessed with focus groups, opinion polls, and spin. He reacted with sound-bites rather than following a long-term strategy.
When did Princess Diana died, with Blair's speech on her death showing an excellent grasp of public opinion?August 1997
Which cabinet members were particularly skilful media performers?Robin Cook and David Blunkett
To whom did Gordon brown hand over decisions on interest rates and inflation, a move regarded as a masterstroke? The Bank of England
How was the economy performing during Blair's first term?Inflation was falling, employment was rising, and the housing boom was causing middle-class living standards to rise
When was the Good Friday Agreement signed?April 1998
Who was the Nothern Ireland secretary that was incredibly successful at bringing together loyalist and republican paramilitaries? Mo Malam
Who was the Irish taoiseach with whom Blair had a close working relationship?Bertie Ahern
What was perhaps Blair's main role in the Ireland negotiations? Reassuring David Trimble and the Ulster Unionists
After the Good Friday Agreement, how many people were killed in a bomb attack in Omagh? 30
Blair was widely praised for his role in persuading the US to support NATO intervention in which country?Kosovo
What system was the new Scottish Assembly, established in Edinburgh, based upon?Proportional representation
What powers did the new Welsh Assembly, established in Cardiff, have? Tax-Raising powers
When was an elected London mayor introduced? 1999
Blair made a messy effort to reform the House of Lords, what were the number of hereditary peers reduced to?92
Which significant act was passed, and which was integrated into British law?A Freedom of Information Act and the European Human Rights Act
What surprise impact did Scottish devolution have?It caused a surge in support for Scottish Nationalists, when many thought it would slow their momentum
How did people perceive Blair's House of Lords reform?Unsatisfactory
Which left-wing maverick, opposed by Blair, won the race to become Mayor of London?Ken Livingstone
How did the European Human Rights Act cause difficulties for the government?The way in which it was interpreted by judges
Reform of the Public Service was slow, when did Blair promise a massive increase in public-spending, particularly upon health? January 2001
What decision made by Blair, in July 2001, was a tacit admission of his difficulty in the delivery of his policies?He established a Special Delivery Unit

Section 2

Question Answer
In 1997, Labour had 419 seats, what was this figure in 2001 and 2005?413 and 355
In 1997 the Conservatives had 165 seats, what was this figure in 2001 and 2005?166 and 198
In 1997 the Liberal Democrats had 46 seats, what was this figure in 2001 and 2005?52 and 62
In 1997 Labour had a majority of 179 seats, what was this figure in 2001 and 2005?166 and 71
Did the rise of the Liberal-Democrats, gaining the highest number of seats for a third-party since the 1980's, damage the Conservatives or Labour?The Conservatives
What were the problems with William Hague's leadership?He was young and inexperienced
Why did Robin Cook resign?In protest to the Iraq War
Which Labour politicians resigned in response to scandals?Peter Mandelson and David Blunkett
Why did Charles Clarke reign as Home Secretary? Embarrassment over prisoners awaiting deportation, escaping custody, and not being traced
What division remained in the Conservative Party?Division's of Europe, and recriminations for those who were perceived as 'Betraying Maggie'
The Conservative Party in 1997 was half the size it was in 1990, why was this the case?So many MP's had lost their seats of retired
Michael Portillo was temporarily no longer an MP, but why did the prime candidates Ken Clarke and Michael Heseltine face difficulty? The party was more 'Euroskeptic' than before, and faced hostility from the right
Why did William Hague win the Conservative leadership election?There was negative campaigning to '"Stop Heseltine" and "Stop Clarke", and he recieved the support of Thatcher (although this may have highlighted his inexperience and lessened his authority)
How was William Hague stymied by his own party? They were obsessed with infighting, and promoting policies that had proven unsuccessful with voters
Why, by 2001, had Hague retreated to right-wing policy positions such as "the fight to save the pound", and taking a hard-line against immigration? And what affect did this have?He wished to shore up the core vote. It may have prevented voters from drifting to UKIP or the BNP, but it did little to appeal to middle England
What was the average of the Conservative Party by 2001?63
When did William Hague resign?2001
When was Ian Duncan Smith ousted and replaced as leader by, the unopposed, Michael Howard?2003
What image of the Conservative Party did David Cameron cultivate?Rejuvenated, united, more representative of the country, and no longer obsessed with the past
Why couldn't Blair attack Cameron for being a "Tory Toff"?The two were remarkably similar, and it would undermine Blair's claim to have made a classless society
Which Overseas Development Minister resigned over the War in Iraq?Clare Short
What do polls show the public opinion an a War in Iraq was?The majority were in favour
In May 2003, what did journalist Andrew Gilligan claim about the September 2002 intelligence dossier which suggested their was urgent danger from Saddam's WMD's?It had been "sexed up"
Why were people heavily concerned about Allistair Campbell's role in drafting the intelligence dossier on Saddam? He was Press Secretary
The government was damaged by the suspicious death of which scientist, a weapons expert from the Military of Defence? David Kelly
What did the Lord Hutton enquiry find about the death of Paul Kelly?The government were absolved of blame, and the BBC were criticised
At what point did the security situation in Iraq begin to improve, and hopes of troops coming home began to emerge?2006
What behaviour by British and American troops did the government come under criticism for?Human Rights Abuses
In what year was there a brief wobble in Blair's authority, as the Hutton Inquiry was being reported, and there was a backbench revolt over university top-up fees?2004
Why, for the first for years of government, were Gordon Brown's economic policies mostly cautious? To keep inflation low, government spending under control, and prove that Labour was pro-business. This would illustrate that they were no longer the party of 'tax-and-spend' and that they were the 'party of economic competence'
From 2001, Brown embarked upon a massive injection of money into public services. What were these reflected in?New schools and hospitals, and pay rises for doctors, nurses, and teachers
Critics argued that public spending and borrowing was too high, what did Labour claim?They were making up for years of public spending and neglect
How were new projects funded, and what was it's impact?Through the Public Finance Initiative; buildings got completed quickly, but large debts were stored for the future
Although inflation was kept low, the consumer economy boomed, living standards remained high, and their was an unprecedented number of people in work, why did economists such as Will Hutton, express concern about the economic situation?The consumer boom was based upon rising house-prices, high levels of credit card spending and personal debt
During 1992-1997 growth was 3.6%, what was it in 1997-2007?2.2%
During 1992-1997 inflation was 2.2%, what was it in 1997-2007?1.7%
During 1992-1997 unemployment was 9%, what was it in 1997-2007?6%

Section 3

Question Answer
Opposition to the war in Iraq, a yearning for the return to "old" labour, and the growing impatience of Brown and his supporters all contributed to Blair's decision to resign; what was a fourth?The "cash for honour scandals"
Why did Blair wish to stay on for a little longer?He later said that "My final two years have probably the most productive"
Although their was speculation about a coup in September 2006, when did Blair finally resign?June 2007

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