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NeuroAnotomy2

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tutarefo's version from 2016-02-16 16:30

Cranial Nerves

Question Answer
Olfactory (I)smell
Optic (II)vision
Oculomotor (III)eye movement, pupil constriction, focusing lens
Trochlear (IV)inferolateral eye movement
Trigeminal (V) - Opthalmic(Sensory) forehead skin, upper eyelid, nose, cronea
Trigeminal (V) - Maxillary(Sensory) lower eyelid, upper teeth/lip, nasal cavity, cheek skin
Trigeminal (V) - Mandibular(Sensory) tongue, lower teeth/lip, skin of chin (Motor) muscles of mastication
Abducens (VI)lateral eye movement ("abduct")
Facial (VII)(Sensory) Taste (Motor) Facial expression, salivation
Vestibulocochlear (VIII)(Sensory) balance, equilibrium, and hearing
Glossopharyngeal (IX)(Sensory) taste, blood pressure, O2, CO2 (Motor) Swallowing, salivation
Vagus (X)(Sensory) blood pressure, O2, CO2, viscera, pharynx, larynx (Motor) Swallowing, speech, heart rate, respiration, digestion
Accessory (XI)(Motor) neck and back muscles
Hypoglossal (XII)(Motor) food manipulation, swallowing, speech
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Sensory, Motor, or Both?

Question Answer
Olfactory (I)Sensory
Optic (II)Sensory
Oculomotor (III)Motor
Trochlear (IV)Motor
Trigeminal (V)Both
Abducens (VI)Motor
Facial (VII)Both
Vestibulocochlear (VIII)Sensory
Glossopharyngeal (IX)Both
Vagus (X)Both
Accessory (XI)Motor
Hypoglossal (XII)Motor
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Numerbers + Cranial Nerves

Question Answer
1Olfactory
2Optic
3Oculomotor
4Trochlear
5Trigeminal
6Abducens
7Facial
8Vestibulocochlear
9Glossopharyngeal
10Vagus
11Accessory
12Hypoglossal
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ABCDE

 

LabelAnswer
ACerebral Crus
BBase of Pons
CMiddle cerebellar peduncle
DPyramid
EInferior Olive
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Midbrain section

BACED

 

LabelAnswer
ASuperior colliculus
BCerebral Aqueduct
CSubstantia nigra
DRed nucleus
ECerebral Peduncle
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Pontine section

BACD
LabelAnswer
A4th ventricle
Bsuperior cerebellar peduncle
CMiddle cerebellar peduncle
DBase of pons
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Rostral medulla

ABCD
LabelAnswer
A4th ventricle
BInferior cerebellar peduncle
CInferior olive
DPyramid
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Thalamus

Question Answer
ventral posterior lateralchannels somatosensory info to cerebral cortex
anterior nucleusconnects hypothalamus to cingulate gyrus (limbic system)
pineal glandinhibitory influence over gonads
subthalamic nucleusmotor functions thru projections to globus pallidus
hypothalamuscontrols autonomic and endocrinic functions
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תלמוס לא בטוח עם הכל רלוונטי

Question Answer
input to anterior nucleus...mammillary bodies (hypothalamus) and hippocampus
output from anterior nucleus..cingulate gyrus and frontal cortex
anterior nucleus is principle relay for...limbic system
anterior nucleus plays role in...memory and emotion
the dorsalmedial nucleus is...association nucleus
input to dorsalmedial nucleus...basal ganglia, olfactory complex/amygdala (limbic), and prefrontal cortex
output from dorsalmedial nucleus...prefrontal cortex
dorsalmedial nucleus has implication in...memory, affect, and foresight
the lateral dorsal nucleus is a...relay nucleus
input to lateral dorsal nucleus...hippocampus
output from laterl dorsal nucleuscingulate gyrus
lateral dorsal nucleus is part of...pain circuit
the VA/VL is ...motor relay nuclei
input to VA/VL...basal ganglia (globus pallidus) and cerebellum
output from VA/VL...pre-motor (VA) and primary motor (VL) cortex
VA/VL involved in...motor coordination
ventral posterior lateral (VPL) is ...somatosensory relay for body
input to VPL...medial lemniscus / spinothalamic tract
output from VPL...somatosensory cortex
VPL involved in...body sensation
Ventral posterior medial (VPM) is...somatosensory relay for the head
input to VPM...medial lemniscus / trigeminothalamic
output to VPMsomatosensory cortex
VPM involved in..head sensation
pulvinar nucleus is...an association area
input to pulvinar nucleus...parietal, occipital, and temporal association cortex loops
outputs from pulvinar nucleus...back to area it came from
pulvinar area involved in...integration of association areas
the medial geniculate nucleus is...a relay nucleus
input to medial geniculate nucleus...inferior colliculus
output from medial geniculate nucleusauditory cortex
medial geniculate nucleus involved in...hearing
lateral geniculate nucleus is,...relay nucleus
input to lateral geniculate nucleus...optic tract/ superior colliculus
output form lateral geniculate nucleus...visual cortex
lateral geniculate nucleus involved in...vision
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תלמוס לא בטוח עם הכל רלוונטי

Question Answer
receives from Basal Ganglia. Sends to the premotor cortex. Skilled/Sequential movments. Ventral Anterior
receives from cerebellum to primary cortex. Coordinates aspects of motor functions. Pathology is abnormal involuntary movementsVentrolateral
receives from body and sends to primary somatosensory cortex. Modulates somatic sensations.VPL
recevies from trigeminal. Sends to somatosensory cortex. Relay for taste, pain, temp. for face and neckVPM
Regulates the thalamus itselfreticular
found in internal medullary laminaparafascicular and centromedian nuclei
regulates visceral functionsmidline nuclear complex
memory, mediates visceral and emotional functions. pathology is a change in bp or emotionanterior nucleus
integrates visceral info with affect, emotion, thought and judgement. pathology is rage!Dorsomedial
not well understood. contributes to visceral sensory integration for behaviorlateral dorsal
not well understood. integrating multiple sensory modalitieis underlying higher mental functionslateral posterior
receives from vision cortex and sends to parietal. involved in higher functions and languagePulvinar
auditoryMGB
visionLGB
midline nuclear comlex, DM nucleusMedial Nuclear Complex
Lateral dorsal, Lateral posterior, PulvinarLateral Nuclear Complex
Ventral Anterior, Ventrolateral, VPM, VPL, LGB, MGBVentral Nuclear Complex
Reticular, anterior nuclei, parafasciculus, centromedianOther Nuclei
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Thalamus

ABCDEFGHIJK

 

LabelNuclei
AAnterior Nuclei
BVentral Anterior
CReticular
DLateral Dorsal Nuclei
EVentral Lateral Nuclei
FIntralimar (not needed for Neuro block)
GVentral Posterior
HLateral Posterior
IPulvinar
JLateral Geniculate
KMedial Geniculate
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ABCDEFGHIJKL

 

LabelAfferent or Efferent Pathway
ATo prefrontal Cortex (thalamocortical --> premotor cortex)
BFrom Globus Pallidus (thalamic fasciculus)
Cto supplementary motor area
DFrom Globus Pallidus (thalamic fasciculus)
Eto motor cortex (primary)
FFrom Cerebellum
Gto somatosensory cortex
Hto medial, spinal, and trigeminal nuclei
IFrom Optic Tract
JTo primary visual cortex
KTo primary auditory cortex
LFrom Inferior Brachium
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Thalamic Radiations1

Question Answer
Anterior (MD)Prefrontal
Middle/Superior VL&VAMotor & pre-motor of frontal
Middle/Superior VPSomatosensoric in parietal
Posterior (LGB)Occipital
Inferior (MGB)Superior temporal gyrus
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Thalamic Radiations2

Question Answer
Anterior (MD)Anterior Limb of internal capsule
Middle/Superior VL&VAGenu & anterior part of the Posterior Limb of internal capsule
Middle/Superior VPPosterior part of the Posterior Limb of internal capsule
Posterior (lGB)Retrolentiform & Sublentiform Limb of internal capsule
Inferior (MGB)Sublentiform Limb of internal capsule
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Hippocampal Formation >>>

Question Answer
Hippocampal FormationFornix
FornixMammilary bodies
Mammilary bodiesMammilo- thalamic Tract
Mammilo- thalamic TractThalamic anterior n.
Thalamic anterior n.Thalamic Radiation
Thalamic RadiationCingulate Gyrus
Cingulate GyrusCingulum
CingulumPara Hipocampal Gyrus
Para Hipocampal Gyrus (Enthorinal Cortex )Alver path or Pre Frontal Path
Alver path or Pre Frontal PathHippocampus
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AKBLMCNDOPEQRFSGTHUIVWJXYZSection ASection BACAAAFABSection ASection BAGADAHAIAEAJ

 

LabelAnswer
AGenu of corpus callosum
BLateral ventricle
CSeptum pellucidum
DColumn of fornix
EInsula (island of Reil)
FInterthalamic adhesion
GThalamus
HCrus of fornix
IChoroid plexus of lateral ventricle
JSplenium of corpus callosum
KHead of caudate nucleus
LAnterior limb of internal capsule
MGenu of internal capsule
NPosterior limb of internal capsule
OExtreme capsule
PPutamen of lentiform nucleus
QGlobus pallidus of lentiform nucleus
R3rd ventricle
SEaternal capsule
TClaustrum
URetrolenticular part of internal capsule
VTail of caudate nucleus
WHippocampus and fimbria
XOccipital (posterior) horn of lateral ventricle
YHabenula
ZPineal body
AABody of caudate nucleus
ABHead of caudate nucleus
ACCleft for internal capsules (arrows)
ADLentiform nucleus (globus pallidus medial to putamen)
AEAmygdaloid body
AFThalamus
AGPulvinar
AHMedial geniculate body
AILateral geniculate body
AJTail of caudate nucleus
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Section

CEBDAGF

 

LabelAnswer
AGranule cell
BPurkinje cell
CBasket cell
DStellate cell
EGolgi cell
FMossy fibre
GClimbing fibre
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IJAKLMNOPBCQDEFRGHEpendymaPia mater

 

LabelAnswer
ARight lateral ventricle
BLeft interventricular foramen (of Monro)
C3rd ventricle
DSupraoptic recess
EInterthalamic adhesion
FInfundibular recess
GPineal recess
HSuprapineal recess
IFrontal (anterior) horn of left lateral ventricle
JCentral part of left lateral ventricle
KTemporal (inferior) horn of left lateral ventricle
LOccipital (posterior) horn of left lateral ventricle
MCerebral aqueduct (of Sylvius)
N4th ventricle
OLeft lateral aperture (foramen of Luschka)
PLeft lateral recess
QMedian aperture (foramen of Magendie)
RCentral canal of spinal cord
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STUVWXYZAAABACADAEAFAGAHAIAJAKALAMASANAOAPEpendymaAQPia materAR

 

LabelAnswer
SCorpus callosum
TSeptum pellucidum
ULateral ventricle
VBody of caudate nucleus
WChoroid plexus of lateral ventricle
XStria terminalis
YSuperior thalamostriate vein
ZBody of fornix
AAInternal cerebral vein
ABTela choroidea of 3rd ventricle
ACChoroid plexus of 3rd ventricle
ADThalamus
AEPutamen of lentiform nucleus
AFGlobus pallidus of lentiform nucleus
AGInternal capsule
AH3rd ventricle and interthalamic adhesion
AIHypothalamus
AJTail of caudate nucleus
AKOptic tract
ALChoroid plexus of lateral ventricle
AMTemporal (inferior) horn of lateral ventricle
ANFimbria of hippocampus
AOHippocampus
APDentate gyrus
AQMammillary body
ARParahippocampal gyrus
ASWhite arrow in left interventricular foramen (of Monro)
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Cerebellum

 

LabelAnswer
ADecessation of superior cerebellar peduncle
Bcerebral crus
CMedial longitudinal fasciculus
Dnuclear layer of medulla oblongata
Esuperior cerebellar peduncle
FLingula
GVermis
Hcerebellar nuclei
IDentate
JEmboliform
KGlobose
LFastigal
MSuperior medullary velum
N4th venticle
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Section

AHBCDIEFJGKL

 

LabelAnswer
ASuperior colliculus
BInferior colliculus
Csuperior cerebellar peduncle
Dmiddle cerebellar peduncle
Efourth ventricle
Finferior cerebellar peduncle
Gobex
Hmidbrain
Ipons
Jrostral medulla
Kcaudal medulla
Lspinal cord
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Section

ABCDE

 

LabelAnswer
ASuperior colliculus
BCerebral aqueduct
CPeriaqueductal gray
DSubstantia nigra
ERed nucleus
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