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NeuroAnotomy

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nuparile's version from 2015-12-06 18:14

Section

ABDCHEGF

 

LabelAnswer
APARIETAL LOBE
BFRONTAL LOBE
CTEMPORAL LOBE
DPONS
EMEDULLA OBLONGATA
FSPINAL CORD
GCEREBELLUM
HOCCIPITAL LOBE
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Section

GAFBEDC

 

LabelAnswer
APRIMARY SOMATOSENSORY CORTEX
BWERNICKE'S AREA
CPRIMARY VISUAL CORTEX
DPRIMARY AUDITORY CORTEX
EBROCA'S AREA
FPREMOTOR CORTEX
GPRIMARY MOTOR CORTEX
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Section

AJBCDIEFHG

 

LabelAnswer
ACORPUS CALLOSUM
BTHALAMUS
CHYPOTHALAMUS
DPITUITARY GLAND
EMAMMILLARY BODY
FPONS
GMEDULLA OBLONGATA
HSPINAL CORD
ICEREBELLUM
JMIDBRAIN
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Section

 

LabelAnswer
ACENTRAL SULCUS
BPOSTCENTRAL GYRUS
CCINGULATE GYRUS
DFORNIX
ERIGHT THALAMUS
FPARIETO-OCCIPITAL SULCUS
GPINEAL GLAND
HHYPOTHALAMUS
ISUPERIOR COLLICULUS
JINFERIOR COLLICULUS
KMESENCEPHALLIC AQUEDUCT
LCEREBELLUM
MFOURTH VENTRICLE
NMEDULLA OBLONGATA
OPONS
PMESENCEPHALON
QTEMPORAL LOBE
RMAMILLARY BODY
SOPTIC CHIASM
TANTERIOR COMMISSURE
UFRONTAL LOBE
VINTERVENTRICULAR FORAMEN
WSEPTUM PALLUCIDUM
XCORPUS CALLOSUM
YPRECENTRAL GYRUS
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Section

 

LabelAnswer
AShort association fibers
BSuperior longitudinal fasciculus
CFronto-temporal fibers of superior longitudinal fasciculus
DInsula
EUncinate fasciculus
FInf. Fronto-occipital fasciculus
GInferior longitudinal fasciculus
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Section

 

LabelAnswer
AFrontal Eye Fields
BSomatosensory
CMotor
DTaste
EVision
FVisual-parietal
GVisual-temporal
HOflaction
IBroca's
JAudition
KWernicke's
LCognition
MEmotion
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Section

 

Question Answer
Vision Primary17
Vision Secondary18,19,20,21,37
Auditory Primary41
Auditory Secondary22,42
Body Senses Primary1,2,3
Body Senses Secondary5,7
Sensory, tertiary 7,22,37,39,40
Motor Primary4
Motor Secondary6
Motor Eye movement8
Motor Speech44
Motor, tertiary9,10,11,45,46,47
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Section

 

LabelAnswer
AInferior frontal gyrus
BPrecentral gyrus
CPostcentral gyrus
DSupramarginal gyrus
ESuperior temporal gyrus
FWHAT
GHOW
HWHERE
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Section

 

LabelAnswer
ACorpus callosum
BExternal capsule
CInsula
DExtreme capsule
EClaustrum
FPutamen
GGlobus pallidus
HPineal gland
IThalamus
JTail of caudate nucleus
KPosterior limb
LGenu
MAnterior limb
NInternal capsule
OHead of caudate nucleus
PFrontal horn of lateral ventricle
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Section

 

LabelAnswer
ACorpus callosum
BSeptum pellucidum
CInternal capsule
DPutamen
EInsula
FClaustrum
GAnterior commissure
HGlobus pallidus
IOptic tract
JFornix
KAmygdaloid body
LExtreme capsule
MExternal capsule
NCaudate nucleus
OLateral ventricle
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Section

 

LabelAnswer
AForceps minor
BLateral longitudinal stria
CTapetum
DLocation of occipital horn of internal ventricle
EForceps major
FMedial longitudinal striae
GIndusium griseum
HCingulum
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Section

Question Answer
Forebrain (Prosencephalon)1Telencephalon
Forebrain (Prosencephalon)2Diencephalon
Midbrain (Mesencephalon)3Mesencephalon
Hindbrain (Rhombencephalon)4Metencephalon
Hindbrain (Rhombencephalon)5Myelencephalon
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Section

Question Answer
Telencephaloncerebral cortex, basal ganglia
Diencephalonepithalamus, thalamus, hypothalamus, subthalamus
Mesencephaloncerebral aqueduct
Metencephalonpons, cerebellum
Myelencephalonmedulla oblongata
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Section

Question Answer
AnteriorFront
PosteriorBack
RostralTowards the FRONT, especially the region towards the nose and mouth
CaudalAt or near the TAIL, posterior part of the body
MedialTowards the MIDDLE
LateralTowards the SIDE
DorsalTop
Ventral Bottom
SuperiorOn top of
InferiorUnderneath
Frontal or Coronal SectionParallel to rostral/caudal axis, (slice)
Horizontal SectionParallel to dorsal/ventral axis
Sagittal SectionParallel to medial/lateral axis
Mid-Sagittal sectionBisects the brain into symmetrical halves
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Section

Question Answer
Frontal LobeMotor function, problem solving, memory, language, judgment, and social/sexual behavior (anterior portion of cortex)
Parietal LobeIntegration of sensory information and perception (posterior to frontal lobe)
Temporal LobeAuditory perception, memory, speech, emotional responses, visual perceptions (important structures include: olfactory cortex, hippocampus, and amygdala; anterior to occipital lobe)
Occipital LobeProcessing of visual information by the visual cortex (posterior of cortex)
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Section

AKBJCDEIFHG

 

LabelAnswer
ACerebral cortex
Bcerebral white matter
Cinternal capsule
DThalamus
EInterthalamic adhesion
FHypothalamus
Gthird ventricle
HInferior horn of lateral ventricle
Ibasal ganglia
JAnterior horn of lateral ventricle
Kcorpus callosum
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Section

OANMBLCKDJIHGFE

 

LabelAnswer
ACerebral cortex
Bcerebral white matter
CInsula
DLateral sulcus
EHypothalamus
FThird ventricle
GInferior horn of lateral ventricle
HThalamus
IGlobus pallidus
JPutamen
KCaudate nucleus
LAnterior horn of lateral ventricle
Mcorpus callosum
NFornix
OLongitudinal fissure
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Section

ABCDEGFHI

 

LabelAnswer
ACorpus callosum
BAnterior horn of lateral ventricle
Ccaudate nucleus
DThird ventricle
EPutamen
FGlobus pallidus
GLentiform nucleus
HThalamus
IInferior horn of lateral ventricle
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Section

 

LabelAnswer
APOSTCENTRAL GYRUS
BPARIETAL LOBE
CPARIETO-OCCIPITAL SULCUS
DOCCIPITAL LOBE
ECEREBELLUM
FPRECENTRAL GYRUS
GCENTRAL SULCUS
HFRONTAL LOBE
ILATERAL SULCUS
JTEMPORAL LOBE
KPONS
LMEDULLA
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Section

 

LabelAnswer
1(SMALL PART OF) CEREBRAL HEMISPHERE
2CORPUS CALLOSUM
3SEPTUM PELLUCIDUM
4FORNIX
6HYPOTHALAMUS
7OPTIC CHIASMA
8MAMMILLARY BODIES
9PITUITARY GLAND
11THALAMUS
12PINEAL GLAND
15CEREBRAL AQUEDUCT
16FOURTH VENTRICLE
17PONS
18CEREBELLUM
19MEDULLA OBLONGATA
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Section

Question Answer
Astrocytesfunction in maintaining the normal physiology of the nervous system by passing nutrients between capillaries and neurons
Microgliaact as phage cells, destroying foreign cells and material
Oligodendrogliamyelinate axons in the CNS
Ependymal cellsline the central canal of the CNS
Schwann cellsmyelinate axons in the PNS
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