Nclex meds

jemeduvu's version from 2016-03-03 03:28


Question Answer
VerapamilCalcium channel blocker, antidysrhythmic drug
DiltiazemCalcium channel blocker, antidysrhythmic drug
NifedipineCalcium channel blocker, antidysrhythmic drug
AmlodipineCalcium channel blocker, antidysrhythmic drug
FelodipineCalcium channel blocker, antidysrhythmic drug
NicardipineCalcium channel blocker, antidysrhythmic drug
Chlorothiazideoral antihypertensive, thiazide diuretic
Hydrochlorothiazideoral antihypertensive, thiazide diuretic
Bumetanideloop diuretic
Spironolactone diuretic, potassium sparing
Furosemideloop diuretic
Ethacrnic Acidloop diuretic
Mannitolosmotic diuretic
Atenolol oral antihypertensive, Beta blocker
Metoprolol oral antihypertensive, Beta blocker
Propanolol oral antihypertensive, Beta blocker
Carvedilol oral antihypertensive, with bronchospasm s/e
Labetolol oral antihypertensive, with bronchospasm s/e
Nebivololoral antihypertensive, Beta blocker
Benazepriloral antihypertensive, ACEI
Captopriloral antihypertensive, ACEI
Enalapriloral antihypertensive, ACEI
Fosinopriloral antihypertensive, ACEI
Lisinopriloral antihypertensive, ACEI
Moexipriloral antihypertensive, ACEI
Perindopriloral antihypertensive, ACEI
Quinapriloral antihypertensive, ACEI
Ramipriloral antihypertensive, ACEI
Candesartanoral antihypertensive, ARB
Eposartanoral antihypertensive, ARB
Irbesartanoral antihypertensive, ARB
Losartanoral antihypertensive, ARB
Valsartanoral antihypertensive, ARB
Doxazosinoral antihypertensive, alpha 1-blocker
Prazosinoral antihypertensive, alpha 1-blocker
Terazosinoral antihypertensive, alpha 1-blocker
Clonidineoral antihypertensive, also used for smoking cessation
Methyldopaoral antihypertensive, central alpha2 agonists and other centrally acting drugs
Hydralazineoral antihypertensive, direct vasodilator
Minoxidiloral antihypertensive, direct vasodilator
NiacinCholesterol lowering drug, nicotinic acid
CholestyramineCholesterol lowering drug, sprinkle powder in non-carbonated drink and sit for 2 min, stir slowly, empty stomach
Colestipol Cholesterol lowering drug, sprinkle powder in non-carbonated drink and sit for 2 min, stir slowly, empty stomach
GemofibrozilCholesterol lowering drug, fibric acid, take before meals
FenofibrateCholesterol lowering drug, fibric acid, take before meals
Nitroglycerinnitrate, angina drug, avoid alcohol, withdraw slowly, rest frequently, take when chest pain is anticipated
Isosorbidenitrate, angina drug
Hydroxychloroquine DMARD
Sulfasalazine DMARD
AtorvastatinCholesterol lowering drug, statin
FluvastatinCholesterol lowering drug, statin
LovastatinCholesterol lowering drug, statin
PravastatinCholesterol lowering drug, statin
RosuvastatinCholesterol lowering drug, statin
SimvastatinCholesterol lowering drug, statin
Chlorpromazineconventional anti-psychotic, low potency, schizophrenia drug, very sedating, watch sun exposure
Haloperidolanti-psychotic, watch for extrapyramidal effects, used with assaultive patients, prevents falls in elderly
Fluphenazineanti-psychotic, watch for extrapyramidal effects, used with assaultive patients, prevents falls in elderly
Perphenazine (trilafon)anti-psychotic, orthostatic hypotension
RisperidoneAtypical antipsychotic, schizophrenia drug, used in acute mania, weight gain
Olanzapine Zyprexa, Atypical antipsychotic, schizophrenia drug, weight gain and diabetes
QuetiapineSeroquel, Atypical antipsychotic, schizophrenia drug
ZiprasidoneGeodon, Atypical antipsychotic, schizophrenia drug, watch EKG
AripiprazoleAbilify, Atypical antipsychotic, schizophrenia drug, unique M.O.A.
Allopurinolgout drug
Probenecidgout drug
Colchicinegout drug
AlbuterolAsthma drug, quick acting inhalation B2 agonist
SalmeterolAsthma drug, long acting inhaled B2 agonist
Terbutaline sulfatebronchodilator
Montelukastsingulair asthma drug
Levodopa and carbidopa (sinemet)dopaminergic, anemia and dystonic movements, orthostatic hypotension and dry mouth
Bromocriptine antiparkinsons, hypotension, headache, tinnitus
Pergolideantiparkinsons, hypotension, headache, tinnitus
Amantadineantiparkinsons, s/e hyperexcitability, CNS disturbances, slurred speech and convulsions, taken with L-dopa
Metoclopramide Reglan, antiemetic, DA antagonist
Scopolaminemotion sickness drug, anticholinergic, can’t use with glaucoma
Dimenhydrinatemotion sickness drug, antihistamine
Meclizinemotion sickness drug, antihistamine
Torecan (Thiethylperazine meth.)antiemetic
PromethazinePhenergan, antiemetic
Cimetidine (Tagamet)drug for peptic ulcer disease, Histamine-2 receptor blocker
Ranitidine (zantac)drug for peptic ulcer disease, Histamine-2 receptor blocker
Famotidine (Pepcid)drug for peptic ulcer disease, Histamine-2 receptor blocker
Nizatidine (axid)drug for peptic ulcer disease, Histamine-2 receptor blocker
Omerazoledrug for peptic ulcer disease
Lansoprazoledrug for peptic ulcer disease
Rabeprazoledrug for peptic ulcer disease
Esomeprazoledrug for peptic ulcer disease
Pantoprazole drug for peptic ulcer disease
Misoprostol drug for peptic ulcer disease
Morphinepure opioid agonist
Fentanylpure opioid agonist
Percocetoxycodone and acetaminophen
Percodanoxycodone and aspirin
Vicodinhydrocodone and acetaminophen
MeperidineDemerol, pure opioid agonist
NaloxoneNarcan opiod antagonist
Indomethacin NSAID
HeparinParenteral Anticoagulants, , antidote protamine sulfate
EnoxaparinParenteral Anticoagulants, , Low Molecular Weight Heparin
WarfarinParenteral Anticoagulants, Garlic, ginger, ginkgo may increase bleeding, vit E increases effect
Adenosine receptor antagonistsantiplatelet
Dipyridamole Antiplatelet
Gylcoprotien IIb receptor antagonists Antiplatelet


Question Answer
Calcium channel blockers are used for angina, HTN, dysrhythmia
Calcium channel blockers s/edizziness, headaches, edema, flushing
Calcium channel blockers nursingno grapefruit juice, contact provider for low bp
Thiazide diuretic s/ehypokalemia, hyperglycemia, loss of Na, hypotension and blurred vision
Thiazide nursingdon’t give before bed, monitor Bun and creatinine and electrolytes (espescillay K) daily weight
Spironolactone s/ehyperkalemia hyponatremia, liver and kidney damage and tinnitus
Spironolactone nursinggive with food, avoid salt substitutes
Loop diuretic s/ehypotension, hypokalemia, hyperglycemia
Loop diuretic nursingmonitor BP and K, daily weight, don’t give at night, encourage potassium intake
Chlorthalidonethiazide diuretic, give in am, eat more K, watch glucose
General diuretic instructionstake with food, avoid the sun
Beta blocker s/egastric pain, brady or tachycardia, heart failure, impotence
Beta blocker nursingdon’t d/c suddenly, take with food, rest frequently, can diminish normal signs of hypoglycemia
Ace inhibitors s/e-pril drugs, gastric irritation, orthostatic hypotension, MI, proteinuria, cough
Ace inhibitors nursingtake on empty stomach, change position slowlyCentral alpha 2 antihypertensive s/edrowsiness
Digoxin (lanoxin)HF drug and dysrhythmia drug
Digoxin s/etachy/bradycardia, n/v, halos around dark objects, blurred vision, heart block
Digoxin Nursingpt should eat high potassium diet, watch kidneys and electrolytes, apical pulse full min before administration, don’t give is <60 and notify physician,
Digoxin serum levelsshould be under 2 (above 2 is toxic so maybe hold if close)
Statin nursing considerationstake with food, avoid alcohol, should not have muscle pain, fever or malaise, take at night
DMARD useRheumatoid arthritis, psoriasis
DMARD s/sstomatitis, liver and kidney issues, bleeding, anemia and infections
Antipsychotic s/eAkathisia (motor restlessness), Dyskinesia (abnormal voluntary movements), Dystonias (abnormal muscle tone producing spasms of tongue, face, neck), Parkinson syndrome (shuffling gait, rigid muscles, excessive salivation, tremors, mask-like face, motor retardation), Tardive dyskinesia (involuntary movements of mouth, tongue, trunk, extremities; chewing motions, sucking, tongue thrusting), Photosensitivity, Orthostatic hypotension, Neuroleptic malignant syndrome
Antipsychotic nursing used for biopolar mania and schizophrenia, Lowers seizure threshold, May slow growth rate in children, Monitor for urinary retention and decreased GI motility, Avoid alcohol, May cause hypotension if taken with antihypertensives, nitrates, Phenothiazines also used
Lorazepam (in bipolar disorder)benzodiazepine, used for quick relief of symptoms, not used chronically
Antigout s/eanemia, agranulocytosis, renal calculi
Epinephrine in asthmaif used with steroid inhaler, use bronchodilator first then wait 5 min before using steroid
Antiparkinsons s/edizziness, ataxia, confusion, psychosis, hemolytic anemia
Antiparkinsons nursingwatch for urine retention, pyroxidine (B6) in large does can reverse med, avoid other CNS depressants
drug for peptic ulcer disease nursingtake at night, avoid antacids w/in hour of dose
NSAID nursingtake with food, avoid OTC meds
Antiplatelet s/ebleeding, thrombocytopenia, hematuria, hemoptosis
Antiplatelt nursingtell dentist before procedures, need instruction for OTC meds, no ginko, ginger, or garlic supplements, ototoxicity in older adults


Patient drug category list
Question Answer
Diureticsthese are sometimes called water pills because they work in the kidney and flush excess water and sodium from the body through urine
Beta-blockersthese reduce nerve impulses to the heart and blood vessels. This makes the heart beat less often and with less force. Blood pressure drops and the heart works less hard
Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitorsthese prevent the formation of a hormone called angiotensin II, which normally causes the blood vessels to narrow. The blood vessels relax and pressure goes down
Angiotensin antagoniststhese shield blood vessels from angiotensin II. As a result, the blood vessels open wider and pressure goes down
Alpha-blockersthese reduce nerve impulses to blood vessels allowing blood to pass more easily
Alpha-beta blockersthese work the same way as alpha blockers but also slow the heart beat like beta blockers
Nervous system inhibitorsthese relax blood vessels by controlling nerve impulses
Vasodilatorsthese directly open blood vessels by relaxing the muscle in the vessel wall


Insulin Mixing
Question Answer
Glarginemix with NOTHING
Detemirmix with NOTHING
Aspart, lispro and glulisinedo not mix with regular insulin products or eachother, can mix with NPH
Which insulin in syringe first?short acting
Pramlintidedo not mix with any insulins
Exenatidedo not mix with any insulin
Liraglutidedo not mix with any insulin