NBE Study Guide- Restorative Art

airbud123's version from 2015-11-18 04:24

Section 1

Question Answer
abrasionsantemortem injuries resulting from friction of the skin against a firm object resulting in the removal of the epidermis
abscessa localized collection of pus
absorptionprocess of taking in; a colored object absorbs certain rays of light, which illuminates it while rays are reflected
abutbluntly adjoin another structure
acetonedimethyl ketone; a colorless liquid which is used to soften and remove scabs, as a wax solvent, or stain remover

Section 2

Question Answer
achromatic colora color not found in the visible spectrum; a neutrel color (white, black, gray, silver, gold)
acquired facial markingsthose developed throughout your lifetime, as a result of repititious use of certain muscles
additive methodprocess of mixing colored lights on a surface whereby the wavelengths if each are combined; adding of two or more colored lights together to create another light
adhesivesticking or hardening closely; a substance that may be applied in order to sustain contact of two surfaces
aerosola colloidal solution dispensed as a mist

Section 3

Question Answer
after-imagepsychological; visual impression remaining after the stimulus has been removed
airbrushkind of pressured atomizer for spraying liquid paint or cosmetic upon a surface
alveolar processthe ridge projecting from the inferior surface of the maxilla and the superior surface of the mandible, which contains sockets of teeth
alveolar prognathismsockets of the teeth protrude
amputatecut off a limb; dismember

Section 4

Question Answer
analogousin color, two or more hues which have he same hues in common
anatomical guidea descriptive reference for locating arteries and veins by means of anatomical structures shown
anatomical positionthe position of the body standing erect, arms to the side of the body, and the palms of the hands turned outwards
anchora material or technique employed to secure tissues or restorative materials in a fixed position
angleangulus; sharp turn formed by the meeting of two borders or surfaces

Section 5

Question Answer
angle of the mandibleangle formed by the junction of the posterior edge of the ramus of the mandible and the inferior surfaces of the body of the mandible
angle of projectionthe degree from vertical at which the surface(s) of a prominent feature projects
angulus oris sulcusthe groove at each end of the line of closure of the mouth
antemortembefore death
anteriorbefore or in front of; refers to the ventral or abdominal side of the body
anterior naresexternal nostril openings

Section 6

Question Answer
antihelixinner rim of the ear
antitragussmall eminence obliquely opposite the tragus, located on the superior border of the lobe of the ear
aperturean opening
aqueouswatery; prepared with water as a solvent
aqueous humorthe clear, thin alkaline fluid which fills the anterior chamber of the eyeball

Section 7

Question Answer
aquilinecurved, as the beak of an eagle; as viewed from the profile, a nasal profile which exhibits a "hook" or convexity in its dorsum
archany structure curved or bow-like outline
areolarloose, connective tissue that occupies the interspaces of the body
armatureframework; a material, generally of pliable metal or wood, employed to create a frame of support for wax restoration
aspirationdrawing out liquids or gases by means of suction

Section 8

Question Answer
asymmetrylack of symmetry or proportion; similarity without identity
atomizerthe three this muscles in the region of the ear
bandagesheet-cotton, gauze, or other material used in dressing wounds or wrapping a structure
basethe first applied cream or cosmetic; the vehicle in the cosmetic (oil base)
basic pigmentone of the four hues corresponding to the pigment of the skin; white, yellow, red, or brown

Section 9

Question Answer
basket-weave suture (cross stich)network of stiches employed to cross the borders of a cavity or excision, used to anchor fillers and to sustain tissues in their proper position
beard areathe area of the lips, cheeks, chin, and neck, which has hair growth
bilateraltwo sides
bilateral silhouettebilateral view; referring to an inferior or superior view, which allows comparison of two sides of an object or facial features
blackthe color of jet in pigments; the darkest of all colors; achromatic; absence of illumination in light

Section 10

Question Answer
blanchto whiten by removing color; to make pale
bleachto cause to become pale or blanched; a chemical which lightens a skin discoloration; the act of lightening a discoloration by chemical means
bleachingthe act of lightening a discoloration by hypodermic means or bys urface compress
bleedcolor which escapes at the edge of a mixture
blendto mix or intermingle a color (or colors) smoothly; to make a gradual change form one color to another

Section 11

Question Answer
blistera thin vesicle on the skin containing a watery matter
blotchedhaving relatively large patches of color somewhat different from the rest of the coloring
blondelight yellowish color, usually describing hair color
bridgeraised support as (1) arched portion of the nose which is supported by the nasal bones and (2) a structure or span connecting two parts of a mutilated bone
bridge stich(interrupted suture) temporary suture consisting of individually cut and tied stiches employed to sustain proper position of tissues
bronzea brown or copper-like color

Section 12

Question Answer
browncolor of tanned leather
brilliancebrightness; the lightness or darkness of a color; the quality of light; value
brunettedark brown or black color, usually describes hair color
bruise, ecchymosisinjury caused by a blow without laceration; a contusion
buccal cavitythe space between the lips and the gums and teeth; the vestibule of the oral cavity

Section 13

Question Answer
buccal depressionthe shallow concavities of the cheeks, natural on some persons, which extend obliquely downward from below either the medial or lateral margins of the cheekbones
buccinator musclecompresses the cheek, retracts the angle of the mouth
bucco-facial sulcusthe vertical furrow of the cheek
buck teethteeth which jut out; may occur either with or without protrusion of the gums and may occur in both mandible or maxilla
burnto oxidize or to be oxidized by fire or equivalent means; the tissue reaction or injury resulting from application of heat, extreme cold, causitics, radiation, friction, or electricity

Section 14

Question Answer
cakea compressed mass of powder
cancera benign or malignant growth
carbolic acidphenol; colorless crystals liquefied by water, which is an antispeptic/disinfectant and dries moist tisses and bleaches discolored tissue
carmine(crimson)purple-red in coloration
carotenethe yellow pigment of skin

Section 15

Question Answer
cartilagethe gristle or white elastic substance attached to the ends of the bones and forming parts of structures such as the septum of the nose and the framework of the ear
castcasting; any object that has been made from a mold, the positive reproduction obtained from a negative impression
caucasiancharactersitic of white race; division of manking compromising the chief races if europe, north africa, and southwest asia, people of caucusus
causticchemical capable of drying tissues by searing
cavitya hollow place or part

Section 16

Question Answer
cementany substance used for making two surfaces adhere to each other, such as the lips or the eyelids or the margins of an incisison
charredreduced to carbon; the state of tissues destroyed by burning
chromacolor intensity or purity; synonym for intensity
chromatic colorcolor having a hue, as related to the visible spectrum
ciliaeyelashes, the fringe of hair edging the eyelids

Section 17

Question Answer
collodionclear-syrup like liquid that evaporates to leave a contractile white film; employed as a liquid sealer
colloidsuspension of pigments in a liquid vehicle so bound together there is no separation of particles
colorvisual sensation; a property of material objects, including sources of light, by which they are visually distinguished as possesing the qualities of redness, brownness, greenness, grayness
colorantthe cosmetically treated surface; substance used to produce the color of objects as dyes, pigments, inks, paints
colored lightillumination of an identifiable hue
color filtercolored glass gelatin or other substance which transmits light of certain wavelengths and absorbs others

Section 18

Question Answer
color wheelcircle in which the primary, secondary, and intermediate hues (colors) are arranged in orderly intervals
columna nasithe medial partition between the nostrils
complementsopposite colors on a wheel; any two hues, which by their mixture, produce grey
complexionthe color and texture of skin; especially of the face
componentforming a part or ingredient
compound colorcomposed of two or more of the basic pigments

Section 19

Question Answer
compound fractureone where the broken end of the bone has penetrated skin
compresspad of gauze or absorbent cotton which is saturated with water or a chemical and placed under or upon tissues in order to preserve, bleach, dry, constrict, or reduce swelling
concave/concavityhaving a depressed or hollow surface
concave nasal profilea depressed profile form which may dip concavely from root to tip
concave profileone in which the forehead protrudes from the eyebrows and the chin protrudes more than the superior mucous membrane

Section 20

Question Answer
conchaconcave shell of the ear; the deepest depression of the ear
condylerounded eminence at the articulating end of the bone; the posterior process of the ramus and mandible
cones of the eyesensory nerves in the retina of the eye having to do with color protection
constrictcontract or compress
contourthe outline or surface form
contusiona bruise; ecchymosis

Section 21

Question Answer
conversionone color of illumination striking an object of a completely different color, causing the color of the object to be converted or destroyed
convexcurved evenly; resembling a segment of the outer edge of a sphere
convex-concave profileprofile variation in which the forehead recedes from the eyebrows while the chin protrudes beyond plane of upper lip
convex nasal profile (roman, aquiline, hook)nasal profile which exhibits a hump in its linear form
convex profilebasic profile form in which the forehead recedes from the eyebrows hile the chin recedes from the plane of the upper lip (most common)
convex-vertical profilepprofile variation in which the forehead recedes from the eyebrow while the chin and upper project equally to an imaginary vertical line

Recent badges