NBE Embalming Glossary

airbud123's version from 2015-12-18 19:33

Section 1

Question Answer
Abrasionantemortem (before death ) injuries resulting from friction of the skin against a firm object resulting in the removal of the epidermis.
Abutto touch or contact (eyelids)
Accessory Chemicalsgroup of chemicals used in addition to vascular and cavity embalming fluids, some include hardening compounds, sealing agents, mold preventive agents, and pack apllications
AIDSSpecific group of diseases or conditions which are indicative of severe immunosuprssions related to infection with the human immunodificiency virus (HIV); persons dead having had AIDS ma exhibit conditions such as wasting syndrome, and tuberculosis
ACGIAmerican Congress of Governmental Industrial Hygienists ( employed in occupational safety and health programs)

Section 2

Question Answer
Action Level/AL Exposure LimitsOSHA limits established to protect employees that have exposures below the 8 hour permissible exposure limit (PEL) the action level for formaldehyde is 0.5 ppm
Actual PressureThe pressure indicated by the injector gauge needle when the arterial fluid is flowing.
Adicopere (grave wax)A wax-like material produced by saponification of body fat in a body buried in Alkaline soil
AerobicIn the presence of free oxygen
AerosoilizationTo disperse as an aerosol; minute particles of blood and water become atomized and suspended in air when water under pressure meets the blood drainage or when flushing an undercover flush sink

Section 3

Question Answer
Agglutination (congealing)The increase of viscosity of blood brought about by the clumping of particles in blood vessels
Agonal AlgorDecrease in body temperature immediately before death
Agonal Coagulation (congealing)Blood changing from a fluid into a thickened mass
Agonal DehydrationThe loss of moisture from the living body during the agonal state
Agonal Edemaescape of blood serum from the intravascular to an extravascular location immediately before death
Agonal PeriodPeriod immediately before somatic death

Section 4

Question Answer
Algor MortisPost mortem cooling of the body to the surrounding temperature
Alternate Drainage (Restricted Drainage)Method of injection-drainage in which embalming solution is injected then injection is stopped while drainage is open
Amino AcidsThe building blocks of proteins, and the end products of protein digestion or hydrolysis, its a compound containing an amino group (-NH2) a carboxyl (-COOH) group attached to an alpha carbon and a radical
AnaerobicIn the absence of free oxygen
AnasarcaGeneralized massive edema in subctaneous tissue

Section 5

Question Answer
Anatomical GuideA descriptive reference for locating arteries and veins by means of anatomical structures which are known
Anatomical Limitspoints of origin and points of termination in relation to adjacent structures: used to designate the boundaries of arteries
Anatomical PositionBody is erect, feet together, palms facing forward , and thumbs pointed away from the body
AneurysmAbnormal dilation or out pocketing of a blood vessel resulting from a congenital defect or weakness of a vessel wall
Aneurysm HookAn embalming instrument used for blunt dissection and in raising vessels
Aneurysm NeedleAn embalming instrument that is used for blunt dissection and raising of vessels, which has an eye in the hook portion for placing ligature around vessels

Section 6

Question Answer
Angular ForcepsA multipurpose instrument used in the embalming process
AnomoliesDeviation from the normal
AntecubitalIn front of the elbow/bend of the elbow
Antemortem Before death
Anterior Toward the front

Section 7

Question Answer
Anterior Superior Iliac SpineA bony protuberance, that can be palpatated topographically, found on the ilium, the superior broad portion of the hipbone; origin of the inguinal ligament and sartorious muscle
Anticoagulant FluidIngredient of embalming fluids that retards the natural postmortem tendency of blood becoming more viscous
Apparent DeathCondition in which the manifestations of life are feebly maintained
Arterial (Vascular) FluidThe concentrated, preservative, embalming chemical that will be diluted with water to form arterial solution for injection of arterial fluid for vascular embalming. Purpose is to inactivate saprphytic bacteria
Arterial SolutionThe mixture of Arterial fluid and supplemetary fluids which is used for the arterial injection

Section 8

Question Answer
Arterial TubeA tube used to inject embalming fluid into the blood vascular system
ArteriosclerosisDisease of the arteries resulting in thickening, hardening, and loss of elasticity of the arterial walls
AscitiesAccumulation of serous fluid in the peritoneal cavity
AsepsisFreedom of infection and from any form of life; sterility
Asphyxiainsufficient intake of oxygen

Section 9

Question Answer
AspirationWithdrawal of gas, fluids, and semi-solids from body cavities and hollow viscera with an aspirator
AtheromaFatty degeneration or thickening of the walls of the lager arteries occurring in atherosclerosis
AutoclaveApparatus used for sterilization by steam pressure, usually at 250 degrees Fahrenheit or 121 degrees Celsius for a specific time
AutolysisSelf destruction of cells, decomposition of all tissues by enzymes of their own formation without microbial assistance
Autolytic EnzymeThe body's own digestive enzymes: they are capable of destroying body cells ( autolytic decomposition)

Section 10

Question Answer
AutopsyPostmortem examination of the organs and tissues of a body to determine cause of death or pathological condition; necropsy
Bactericidal AgentDestroys bacteria
Bacteriostatic AgentAn agent that has the ability to inhibit or retard bacterial growth
Balsamic subastanceResins combined with oil: a fragrant, resinous, oily exudate from various trees and plants
base of the axillary spacearm pit

Section 11

Question Answer
Biohazardous Wastebloodborn pathogens, blood or body fluids, contaminated waste associated with the preparation of the human body
Biological DeathIrreversible somatic death
Bischloromethyl Ether/BCMEA carcinogen potentially produced when formaldehyde and sodium hypochlorite come into contact with each other; normally occurs only in a controlled lab setting and required a catalyst
Bleaching AgentA chemical that lightens a skin discoloration
BloodCell-containing fluid that circulates through the blood vascular system and is composed approximately of 22% solids and 78% water

Section 12

Question Answer
Blood DiscolorationDiscolorations resulting from change in blood composition, content, or location, either intravascularly or extravascularly
Blood pressureThe pressure exerted by the blood in the living body on the arterial wall measured in millimeters of mercury
Blood Vascular SystemCirculatory network composed of the heart, arteries, arterioles, capillaries, venules, and veins
Bloodborne Pathogen RuleOSHA regulation (29CFR 1910-1030) regulating the employee's exposure to blood and other body fluids
Bloodborne PathogensPathogenic microorganisms that are present in human blood that can cause disease in humans not just limited to ( HIV, and HBV)

Section 13

Question Answer
Blunt Dissectionthe separation and pushing aside of the superficial fascia leading to blood vessels and then deep fascia surrounding blood vessels, utilizing manual techniques and instruments which separate rather then cut
Boil (Furuncle)Acute, deep-seated inflammation of the skin, which usually begins as a subcutaneous swelling of a hair follical.
Bridge Suture (Interrupted suture)A temporary suture consisting of individually cut and tied stitched employed to sustain the proper position of tissues
Buccal CavityVestibule of the oral cavity: the space between the lips, gums and teeth
Bulb SyringeSelf-contained, soft rubber manual pump designed ot create pressure to deliver fluid as it passes through one-way valves located within the bulb. Only used to deliver fluids

Section 14

Question Answer
BuffersA substance that is in a solution capable of neutralizing acids and bases and maintain an original or constant PH of a solution
CadaverA dead human body used for medical purposes including transplantation, anatomical dissection and study
Cadaveric Spasma prolongation of the last violent contraction of the muscle into the rigidity of death
CalvariumThe dome-like superior portion of the cranium; that portion removed during the cranial autopsy
Calavarium ClampA device used as a means of fastening the Calvarium after a cranial autopsy
Canalizationformation of new channels in a tissue

Section 15

Question Answer
CapillariesMinute blood vessels, the walls of which comprise a single layer of endothelial cells. Capillaries connect the smallest arteries (arterioles) with the smallest veins (venules) and are where pressure filtration occurs
Capillary Permeablitythe ability of a substance to diffuse through capillary walls into the tissue spaces
CarbohydratesCompound of hydrogen, carbon, and oxygen that is an aldehyde or ketone derivative of polyhydroxyl alcohol Examples: sugars, starches, and glycogen
CarbuncleCircumscribed inflammation of the skin and deeper tissues that ends in suppuration and is accompanied by systemic symptoms, such as fever and leukocytosis
Carcinogen (carcinogenicity)A cancer causing chemical or material

Section 16

Question Answer
CavitationThe formation of cavities in organs or tissue frequently seen in some forms of tuberculosis
Cavity EmbalmingDirect treatment, other than vascular (arterial) injection, of the contents of the body cavities and the lumina of the hollow viscera; usually accomplished by aspiration and injection of chemicals
Cavity FluidEmbalming chemicals which are injected into the cavities of the body following the aspiration in cavity embalming. Can also be used in hypodermic and surface embalming
Cellular deathDeath of the individual cells of the body
Center of fluid ditributionAscending aorta/arch of the aorta
Center of venous drainageright atrium of the heart

Section 17

Question Answer
Centrifugal Force MachineEmbalming machine that uses an electrical pump to create pressure, either pulsating or non-pulsating
CDCMajor department of health/human services concerned with all phases of communicable, vector-borne, and occupational diseases
ChelateSubstances that bind metallic ions such as EDTA used as an anticoagulant in embalming solutions
Chemical Post Mortem ChangeChange in the bodys chemical composition that occurs after death EX: release of heme leading to post mortem staining
ChemotherapyApplication of chemical reagents in the treatment of disease in man, using an elevated preservation demand

Section 18

Question Answer
Clinical DeathPhase of somatic death lasting from 5-6 minutes in which life may be restored
Closed System DrainageDrainage procedure which limits the exposure of drainage to the embalmer. Tubing is attached to a drain tube aloowing drainage to flow directly from a vein into a disposal system; tubing can also be attached to a trocar and aspirator allowing drainage to be taken from the right atrium of the heart
Coagulating agentsChemical and physical agents that bring about coagulation
Co-injection fluidFluid used primarily to supplement and enhance the action of vascular (arterial solutions)
ComaMode of somatic death; death beginning at the brain

Section 19

Question Answer
Communicable diseaseDisease that may be transmitted either directly or indirectly between individuals by an infectious agent
Concurrent DisinfectionDisinfection practices carried out during the embalming process
Concurrent DrainageMethod of drainage in which drainage occurs continuously during vascular (arterial) injection
CondyleRounded articular process on a bone
CongealingProcess of converting soluble protein to insoluble protein by heating or by contact with a chemical such as alcohol or an aldehyde

Section 20

Question Answer
ConjunctivaMucous membrane that lines the eyelid and covers the white portion of the eye
Contagious diseaseDisease that may be transmitted between individuals, with reference to the organism that causes a disease
ContaminatedThe presence or the reasonably anitcipated presence of blood or other potentially infectious materials on an item or surface
Contaminated laundryLaundry that has been soiled with blood or other potentially infectious material
Contaminated sharpsContaminated objects that can penetrate skin including, but not limited to needles, scalpels, broken glass, and exposed end of wires
CorneaTransparent part of the tunic of the eyeball that covers the iris and pupil and admits light into the interior

Section 21

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