NBE Embalming Glossary part 4

airbud123's version from 2015-12-19 02:25

Section 1

Question Answer
Primary Dilutionformed by the combining and mixture of arterial fluid with water in the tank of the embalming machine
Primary Disinfectiondisinfection carried out prior to the embalming process
ProcurementThe recovery of organs or tissues from a cadaver for transplantation or study purposes
Prognathismprojection of the jaw or jaws that may cause problems with mouth closure and alignment of teeth
ProteinOrganic compounds found in plants and animals, can be broken down into amino acids

Section 2

Question Answer
Proteolysisdecomposition of proteins
Ptomaineany one of a group of nitrogenous organic compounds formed by the action of putrefaction bacteria on proteins; indole, skatole, cadaverine, and putrescine
Pubic symphysisThe fibrocartilage that joins the pubic bones in the median plane
PurgePostmortem evacuation of any substance from an external oriface of the body as a result of pressure
Pusthe liquid product of inflammation containing various proteins and leukocytes

Section 3

Question Answer
Pustular LesionA pus-filled structure of a disease, such as smallpox, syphilis and acne
Radiation Protection Officerthe supervision, in an institution licensed to use radionuclides, that has the responsibility to establish procedures and make recommendations in the use of all radioactive matter
Radionuclidechemical element that is similar in chemical properties to another element, but differs in atomic weight and electric charge and emits radiation. AN ATOM that disintegrates by emission of electromagnetic radiation
Rate Of Flowspeed at which fluid is injected; measured in ounces per minute
Razor burn ( Razor Abrasion)a darkened, air-dried area on the skin resulting from removal of the epidermis while shaving

Section 4

Question Answer
Re-aspirationRepeated aspiration of a cavity
Reducing Agentsubstance that easily loses electrons and there-by causes other substances to be reduced; formaldehyde is a strong reducing agent
Resinous Substancean amorphous, nonvolatile solid or soft side substance, a natural exudation from plants; any of a class of solid or soft organic compounds of natural or synthetic origin
Restorationtreatment of the deceased in the attempt to recreate natural form and color
Restorative fluid ( humectant)Supplemental fluids may be separate fluids or ones enhancing arterial fluids by the addition of special chemicals such as humectants, whose purpose is to retain moisture

Section 5

Question Answer
Restricted Cervical Injectionmethod of injection wherein both common carotid arteries are raised
Rigor mortispostmortem stiffening of muscles by natural body processes
SaccharolysisDecomposition of sugars
SanitationA process to promote and establish conditions which minimize or eliminate Biohazards
Saponificationthe reaction process between a fat or oil and a strong base to produce glycerol and the salt of a fatty acid (soap); , process of soap formation; as related to decomposition, the conversion of fatty tissues of the body into a soapy waxy substance called adipocere or grave wax

Section 6

Question Answer
Saprophytic bacteriabacteria that derive their nutrition from dead organic matter
ScalpelA two piece-embalming instrument consisting of a handle and a blade used to make incisions and excisions
Sealing agents (sealer)material used to provide a barrier or seal against any type of leakage of fluid or blood
Secondary Dilutionweakening of the embalming solution by the fluids in the body, both vascular and interstitial
Sepsispathologic state, resulting from the presence of microorganisms or their products in the blood or other tissues
septicemiapathological state, resulting from the presence of microorganisms or their products in the blood or other tissues

Section 7

Question Answer
Sequestering AgentA chemical agent that can "fence off" or tie up metal ions so they cannot react with other chemicals EX; EDTA ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid - acts as a buffer
SerratedNotched on the edge like a saw, as seen with forceps
Sharpshypodermic needles, suture needles, injector needles, scalpel blades, razor blades, and other sharp items sharp enough to cause percutaneous injury or unbroken skin
Sharps containerOSHA required receptacle for proper disposal of sharps
Short Term Exposure Limits / STELlegal limits established by OSHA to which workers can be exposed continuously for a short period of time without damage or injury - 2 ppm over a 15 minutes exposure - should not be repeated more than 4 time per workday

Section 8

Question Answer
Sign of Death Manifestation of death in the body
Sodium Hypochloritean unstable salt usually produced in an aqueous solution and used as a bleaching and disinfecting agent, household bleach
SoluteSubstance that is dissolved in a solvent to make a solution; the component of a solution present in a lesser amount
Solutiona homogeneous mixture of one or more substances( solutes) dissolved in a sufficient Quantity of solvent
Somatic deathDeath of the organism as a whole
Solventthe substance that does the dissolving in a solution; the component of a solution present in a greater amount

Section 9

Question Answer
Split InjectionInjection in one location with drainage from a separate site
SterilizationA process of completely removing or destroying all life forms and/or their products on or in a substance
Stethescopedelicate instrument used to detect almost inaudible sounds produced in the body
Stilborndeath at birth; a product of conception either expelled or extracted dead
Subcutaneoussituated or occurring under or beneath the skin

Section 10

Question Answer
Subcutaneous Emphysemadistention of the tissues beneath the skin by gas or air; an antemortem condition brought about by a surgical procedure or trauma
Superficialpertaining to or situated near the surface
Superiormore elevated in place or position; higher; upper; anatomically towards the head
Supplemental Fluidfluid injected for purposes other than preservation and disinfection; supplemental fluids generally fall into one of three categories; Preinjection, coinjection, and humectants or restorative fluids
Surface compresscloth wet or dry folded and applied firmly to a body part

Section 11

Question Answer
Surface Embalmingthe direct contact of body tissues with embalming chemicals by use of a surface pack or surface compress
Surface discolorationA discoloration due to deposit of matter on the skin surface. These discolorations may be due occur antemortem, during, or after embalming of the body; causes including adhesive tape, ink, iodine, and paint
Surface packAn absorbent material compress saturated with an embalming chemical and placed in direct contact with tissue
Surfactant (wetting agents,Surface Tension Reducer's, Penetrating Agent's, or Surface-Active Agent's)The chemical used in embalming fluids to reduce surface tension and to aid in penetration through small apertures
Tardieu spotsminute petechial hemorrhages caused by the rupture of minute vessels as blood settles into the dependent areas of organs and tissues; it is accompanied by livor mortis. A postmortem, extravascular blood discoloration. Most common in asphyxial or slow deaths

Section 12

Question Answer
Temporary preservationthe science of treating the body chemically so as to temporarily inhibit decomposition
Terminal DisinfectionInstitution of disinfection and decontamination measures after preparation of the remains
Test of deathAny procedure used to prove a sign of death
Thanatologystudy of death
Third Degree Burnsdestruction of cutaneous and subcutaneous tissues; seared, charred, or roasted tissue

Section 13

Question Answer
Tissue coagulationgenenral term. The solidification of a sol into a gelatinous mass. Agglutination is a specific form of coagulation
Tissue gaspostmortem accumulation of gas in tissues or cavities brought about by an anaerobic gas forming bacillus, Clostridium perfringens
Tobacco tarsthe yellowing/browning of the fingernails and fingers from excessive use of cigarettes; surface discoloration
Topical disinfectiondisinfection of the surface of the body or an object
Translocationan agonal or postmortem redistribution of host microflora on a hostwide basis

Section 14

Question Answer
Transplantationgrafting of living tissue or organs from its normal position to another site, or from one person to another
Transverselying at right angles to the long axis of the body; divides body into superior and inferior portions
TraumaPhysical injury or wound caused by external force or violence
Trocarsharply pointed surgical instrument used in cavity embalming to aspirate the cavities and inject cavity fluid; the trocar may also be used for supplemental hypodermic embalming
Trocar buttona plastic threaded screw-like device for sealing punctures and small round trocar openings

Section 15

Question Answer
Trocar guideA line drawn or visualized on the surface of the body or a prominent anatomic structure used to locate internal structures during cavity embalming, from a point of reference 2 inches to the left of and 2 inches superior to the umbilicus
Time-Weighted Average/ TWAEvaluation of exposures that are time-weighted over an established period. concentration of .75 parts formaldehyde per million parts of air (.75 ppm) averaged over an 8 hour period.
unionallplastic garment designed to cover the body from the chest down and including feet
Universal PrecautionsAn approach to infection control in which all human blood and certain body fluids are treated
Vacuum Breakerapparatus that prevents the back-siphoning of contaminated liquids into potable water supply lines or pluming cross-connections within the prep room
Vascular (Arterial) Embalminghe use of the blood vascular system of the body for temporary preservation, disinfection and restoration; accomplished through injection of embalming solutions into the arteries and drainage from the veins

Section 16

Question Answer
VehicleLiquids that serve as a solvent for the numerous ingredients that are incorporated into embalming fluids
VisceraInternal organs enclosed within a cavity
ViscosityResistance that a liquid exhibits to flow of one layer over another arising from the molecular attraction between the molecules of a liquid; thickness of a liquid
Water conditioneran agent used to remove chemical constituents from municipal water supplies that could interfere with drainage and preservation
Water hardnessQuality of water containing certain substances, especially soluble salts of calcium and magnesium
Waterloga condition resulting from the use of an embalming solution containing an insufficient amount of preservative to meet the preservation demand of the tissues;the interstitial spaces are overly filled with water
Work Practice Controlscontrols that reduce the likelihood of exposure by altering the manner in which a task is performed (e.g. prohibiting recapping of needles, and not allowing blood splatter or Aerosolization of blood while draining during the embalming process

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