NBE Embalming Glossary Part 3

airbud123's version from 2015-12-19 01:12

Section 1

Question Answer
ImbibitionThe swelling and softening of tissue and organs as a result of ABSORBING MOISTURE from adjacent sources
IncisionA clean cut made with a sharp instrument; in embalming, a cut made with a scalpel to raise arteries and veins
IndexStrength of an embalming fluid inticated by the number of grams of pure formaldehyde gas dissolved on 100 mL of water. 25 index (25% formaldehyde)
InfantChild less than 1 years old
Infectious diseaseDisease caused by the growth of a pathogenic microorganism in the body

Section 2

Question Answer
Inferiorbeneath, lower, medically in reference to the undersurface of an organ or indicating a structure below another; toward the feet
Inguinal ligamentAnatomical structures forming the base of the femoral triangle; extends from the anterior superior iliac ot the pubic tubercle
InjectionThe act or instance of forcing a fluid into the vascular system or directly into tissues
Injection pressurethe amount of pressure produced by an injection device to overcome initial resistance within (intravascular) or on (extravascular) the vascular system (arterial or venous)
Instantaneous Rigor Mortisthe immediate stiffening of muscles of a dead human, the record was within 3 mins

Section 3

Question Answer
Intercellularbetween the cells of a structure
Intercellular Fluidfluid inside cells of the body (constituting about one half of the body's weight.)
Intercostal Spacespace between the ribs
Intermittent Drainage (Restricted Drainage)method of drainage in which the drainage is stopped and intervals while injection continues to build up pressure
Interstitial fluidfluid in the supporting connective tissues surrounding body cells(about one-fifth of body's weight)

Section 4

Question Answer
Intravascularwithin the blood vascular system
Intravascular blood discolorationdiscoloration of the body within the blood vascular system;EX: hypostasis,carbon monoxide poisoning, &capillary congestion
Intravascular fluidfluid contained within vascular channels (1/20th) of body weight
Intravascular pressurePressure developed as the flow of embalming solution is established and the elastic arterial walls expand and then contract, resulting in filling of the capillary beds and development of pressure filtration
Ischemic necrosis (dry gangrene)Condition that results when the body part dies had little blood and remains aspectic and occurs when the arteries but not the veins are obstructed

Section 5

Question Answer
IntrinsicFrom within the body
Isotonic solutiona solution have an equal concentration of dissolved solute as the solution to which it is compared ( cell remains unchanged)
Jaundicea condition with excessive concentration of bilirubin in the skin and tissues, resulting in a yellow appearance in the skin and tissues.
Jaundice Fluida low index special vascular fluid with special bleaching and coloring qualities used in patients with Jaundice, low formaldehyde
LacerationWound characterized by irregular tearing of tissue

Section 6

Question Answer
Larvicidea substance used to kill insect larvae
Lateralaway from the midline
Legionaires diseasea severe, often fatal, bacterial disease characterized by Pneumonia, dry cough and sometimes gastrointestinal symptoms
LesionSpecific pathological strcuture and functional changes or both brought about by disease or injury
LigateTo tie off an artery or vein upon completion of embalming

Section 7

Question Answer
Linear guideA line drawn or visualized on the surface of the skin to represent the approximate location of some deeper-lying structure
Lipolysisdecomposition of fats
Livor Mortis/Cadaveric lividitythe postmortem, red-blue discoloration resulting from hypostasis of blood
Lumencavity or opening of a vein, artery, or intestine
Lysinan antibody acting destructively upon cells and tissues

Section 8

Question Answer
Lysosomean organelle found in the cytoplasm of most cells; containing hydrolytic enzymes that break down protein and certain carbs
MaggotAn insect larvae; especially fly larvae
Mandibular SutureStich placed behind the lips, one part is passed through around the inferior jaw at the median plane, while the other part extends through the nasal septum or the superior frenulum
Massagemanipulation of tissue in the course of prep of the body
Mechanical Aidsapplication of treatments or procedures that utilize machines or instruments. Adjust if pressure, rate of flow or use of pulsation with the embalming machine; utilixation of properly sized arterial tubes and drainage instruments. Opening and closing of drainage instruments

Section 9

Question Answer
Medialtoward the midline
Meningitisinflammation of the meninges
microbe (microorganism)a minute, one celled form of life, not distinguished as to be vegetable or animal nature
Millicrurie/mCiThat amount of radioactive material in which 37 million atoms disintegrate each second
Modifying agentsChemicals added to the embalming solution to deal with varying demands predicted upon the type of embalming, the environment, and the embalming fluid used

Section 10

Question Answer
Mold preventativeagents which inhibit the growth of mold
MoribundIn a death or dying state; on the agonal period
Mortuary PuttyA paste to fix or fill
Mouth formerDevice used in the mouth in shaping the contour of the lips
Material Safety Data Sheet/MSDSthis must accompany all hazardous products; a requirement of the department of labor and OSHA under the hazard communication standard

Section 11

Question Answer
Multi-point injectionvascular injection from two or more sites
Musculature sutureMethod of mouth closure in which a suture is passed through the septum of the nose and through the mentalis muscle of the chin
Nasal CavitySpace between the roof of the mouth and the floor of the cranial cavity
Nasal tube aspiratorembalming instrument used to aspirate the throat by means of the nostrils
NIOSHtests and certifies respiratory protective devices and air sampling detector tubes, recommends occupational exposure limits for various substances, and assists OSHA in occupational safety and health investigations and research

Section 12

Question Answer
Necrobiosisantemortem, physiological death of the cells of the body followed by their replacement
NecrosisPathological death of a tissue still apart of the living organism
Needle injectora mechanical device used to impel specially designed metal pins into bone
Nephritisinflammation of the kidney's
Nitrogenous wastemetabolic (break down) by-products that contain nitrogen, such as urea and uric acid. these compounds have a high affinity for formaldehyde and tend to neutralize embalming chemicals

Section 13

Question Answer
non-cosmetic fluidtype of arterial fluid that contains inactive dyes that will not impart a color change upon the body tissues of the deceased
Occupational ExposureReasonably anticipated contact with blood or other potential infectious materials that may result from the performance of workers duties
OSHAOCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION;, a Governmental Agency with the responsibility for regulatory and enforcement of safety and health matters for most United States employees. OSHA agency may supercede the US department of labor
One point injectionInjection and drainage from one location
Operative (aids) correctionsany and all techniques to treat a problem area; excisions, incisions, and channeling

Section 14

Question Answer
Ophthalmoscopean optical instrument with an accompanying light that makes it possible to examine the retina and to explore for blood circulation
Optimumthe most favorable condition for functioning
Oral CavityThe mouth and the vestibule, or the opening to the throat
OsmosisPassage of pure solvent from a solution of lesser to one of greater solute concentration when the two solutions are seperated by a semi-permeable membrane which selectively prevents the passage of solute molecules but is permeable to the solvent

Section 15

Question Answer
Packing forcepsEmbalming instrument used to fill external orfices of the body cavities
Palpateto examine or touch
Parallel Incisionincision on the surface of the skin to raise the common carotid arteries. Made along the posterior border of the inferior 1/3rd of the sternocleidomastoid muscle
Parenteralpiercing of the mucous membrane or the skin barrier from a needlesticks , human bites, cuts or abrasions
Parts per Million/ppmmethod of expressing low concentrations; 1ppm is equivalent to 1 mg per liter; in contaminated air, the parts of vapor or gas (formaldehyde) per million parts of air by volume

Section 16

Question Answer
Pathological discolorationantemortem discoloration that occur during the course of certain diseases; gangrene and jaundice
Pediculicidea chemical agent that kills lice
Percutaneouseffected through unbroken skin; EX. refers to medications applied directly to the skin (creams or ointments, skin patches)
Perfuming Agents (masking agents)chemicals found in embalming arterial formulations having the capability of displacing unpleasant odors
Perfusionto force a fluid though an (organ or tissue) especially by way of the blood vessels; injection during vascular embalming

Section 17

Question Answer
Peritonitisinflammation of the peritoneum, the thin tissue that lines the inner wall of the abdomen and covers most of the abdominal organs
Permissible Exposure Limit / PELthe maximum legal limits established by OSHA for regulated substances; these are based on employee exposure that are time-weighted over an 8 hour work shift; when these limits are exceeded, employers must take proper steps to reduce employee exposure; for formaldehyde, the PEL is .75 ppm.
Personal Protection Equipment /PPEspecialized clothing or equipment worn by an employee for protection against hazard
PetechiaAntemortem, pinpoint, extravascular blood discoloration visible as purplish hemorrhages of the skin
Pharmaceutical AgentsDrugs or medicines that change the biochemical constituents of the blood. ex Coumadin

Section 18

Question Answer
Pitting Edemacondition in which interstitial spaces contain such excessive amounts of fluid that the skin remains depressed after palpation
Positioning devicesPrep room equipment for properly positioning bodies prior to during, and after vascular embalming
Posteriortoward the back
Postmortemperiod that begins after somatic death
Postmortem caloricityrise in the temperature after death due to continued cellular metabolism

Section 19

Question Answer
postmortem physical changeschange in form or state of matter without any change in chemical composition, Brought about by forces of nature
postmortem stainExtravascular color change that occurs when heme, released by hemolysis of red blood cells, seeps through the vessel walls and into the body tissues
potential of hydrogen/phpower/potential of hydrogen; a number signifying the acidity or alkalinity of a chemical solution; the measure of hydrogen ion concentration of a solution. The scale ranges from 0 to 14, 0 being completely acid, 14 completely basic, and 7 neutral. Blood has a pH of 7.35 - 7.45
potential pressurethe pressure indicated by the injector gauge needle when the injector motor is running and the arterial tubing is clamped off
Precipitanta substance bringing about precipitation 

Section 20

Question Answer
Preinjection Fluidfluids designed to clear the vascular system of blood and enable the arterial solution to distribute with greater facility
Preservativechemicals which inactivate saprophytic bacteria, render unsuitable for nutrition the media upon which such bacteria thrive, and which will arrest decomposition by altering enzymes and lysins of the body as well as converting the decomposable tissue to form less susceptible to decomposition
Preservative demand ( Formaldehyde Demand)amount of preservative (formaldehyde) required to effectively preserve and disinfect remains; depends on the condition of the tissues as determined in the embalming analysis
Preservative PowderChemical in powder form; typically used for surface embalming of the remains
Pressureaction of a force against an opposing force; the force per unit area exerting on a Material

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