NBE Embalming Glossary Part 2

airbud123's version from 2015-12-18 20:38

Section 1

Question Answer
Corneal Sclera ButtonPortion of the cornea removed for transplation in situ
CoronerOfficial in community who investigates death
Corpulence (Obesity)Having an abnormal amount of fat in the body
Cosmetic FluidEmbalming fluid that contains dyes and coloring agents intended to restore a more natural skin tone through the embalming process
Counter staining compoundDye that helps cover internal discolorations such as jaundice

Section 2

Question Answer
CoverallPlastic garment designed to cover the body from the chest down to the upper thigh
Cranial EmbalmingMethod used to embalm the contents of the cranial cavity through aspiration and injection of the cranial chamber by passage of a trocar threw the cribriform plate
Cremated RemainsThe elements remaining after cremation of a dead human body
CrepitationA crackling sensation produced when gases trapped in tissues are palpated, as in subcutaneous emphysema
CJDDisease of the central nervous system with unknown etiology aasumed to be caused by a prion

Section 3

Question Answer
Criboform Platethe thin, medial portion of the ethmoid bone of the skull
Death (non-legal definition)irreversible cessation of all vital functions
Death Rattlenoise made by a moribund person caused by air passing though a residue of mucous in the trachea and posterior nasal cavity
Death StruggleThe semi-convulsive twitches which often occur before death
DecayDecomposition of proteins by enzymes of aerobic bacteria

Section 4

Question Answer
Decompositionseparation of compounds into simpler substances by the action of microbial and or autolytic enzymes
DehydrationLoss of moisture from body tissues which may occur antemortem (before death) or postmortem (after death); the removal of water from a substance
Denatured ProteinProtein whose structure has been changed by physical or chemical agents
Desiccationrendered thoroughly dry/exhausted of moisture
Dessication Marksareas of embalmed tissue where excessive dehydration has occurred

Section 5

Question Answer
Desquamation (skin slip)sloughing off of the epidermis from the underlying dermis
DialysisSeparation of substances in a solution by the difference in their rating of diffusion through a semi-permeable membrane
Differential PressureThe difference between potential and actual pressure
Diffusion (arterial solution)Passage of some components of the injected embalming solution from an intravascular to an extravascular location; movement of the embalming solutions from the capillaries into interstitial fluid
Diffusionmovement of molecules or other particles in a solution from an area of greater concentration to an area of lesser concentration till uniform concentration is reached
DigitsFingers and toes. Thumb and large toe= #1

Section 6

Question Answer
DiscolrationAny abnormal color in or upon the human body
Diseaseany deviation from or interruption of the normal structure or function of a body part, organ, or system
DisinfectantAN AGENT, usually chemical, applied to inanimate objects/surfaces to destroy disease-causing microbial agents, but usually not bacterial spores
Disinfectionthe DESTRUCTION and or inhibition of most pathogenic organisms and their products in or on the body
Distribution (fluid)Movement of embalming solutions from the point of injection throughout the arterial system and into the capillaries

Section 7

Question Answer
Drain TubesEmbalming instrument inserted into the vein, used to aid the drainage of venous blood from the body
DrainageDischarge or withdrawal of blood, blood clots, interstitial and lymphatic fluid, and even embalming solution from the body during vascular embalming usually through a vein
Drench ShowerOSHA -required safety devise for a release of a copious amount of water in a short time
Dry GangreneCondition which results when the body part that dies had little blood and remains aseptic; occurs during when the arteries but not the veins are obstructed
Dye (coloring agent)Substances which will, upon being dissolved, impart a definite color to the embalming solution. Dyes are classified as to their capacity to permenently impart color to the tissue of the body into which injected

Section 8

Question Answer
Ecchymosis (bruise)discoloration of skin due to the escape of blood within the tissues; generally accompanied by swelling
Electrocrdiogram/ECGRecord of electrical activity in the heart
Edemaabnormal accumulation of fluids in tissues or body cavities
Electroencephlogram/EEGa record of the electrical activity of the brain
Electirc Spatulaan electrically heated blade that may be used to dry moist tissue, reduce swollen tissue and or restore contour
Electric AspiratorDevice that uses a motor to create a suction for the purpose of aspiration

Section 9

Question Answer
EmbalmingThe process of chemically treating the dead human body to reduce the presence and growth of microorganisms, to temporarily inhibit organic decomposition, and to restore an acceptable physical appearance
Emablming Report (case report)report filled out for each body prepared and for each body received from another funeral home
Embalming analysis (case analysis)the consideration given to the dead body prior to,during and after the embalming procedure is completed (documentation is recommended)
Engineering controlsmechanical systems in the architecture of a building such as its exhaust system and sanitary plumbing
EnvironmentSurroundings, conditions, or influences that affect an organism or the cells within an organism

Section 10

Question Answer
EnzymeOrganic catalyst produced by living cells and capable of autolytic decomposition. A protein acts as a biological catalyst
ExcisionTo remove as by cutting out; area from which tissue has been removed
Experts tests of deathProcedure used to prove a sign of death; preformed by medical perosnel
Exposure incidentAn contact with a mucous membrane or non-intact skin
ExtravascularOut side of the vascular (blood) system
Extracasvular blood discolorationDiscoloration of the body outside the blood vascular system EX:ecchymosis, Petechia, hematoma and postmortem stain

Section 11

Question Answer
ExsanguinationLoss of blood to the point where life can no longer be sustained
ExtrinsicFrom outside of the body
Eye Enucleationremoval of the entire eye for tissue transplantation, research or education
Eye Enucleation discolorationExtravasation of blood as a result of eye enucleation
Eye wash StationOSHA required emergency safety device providing a steady stream of water for flushing the eye

Section 12

Question Answer
EyecapA thin dome like shell made of plastic, placed beneath the eyelids to restore natural curvature and to maintain the position of eyelids
FatCommon name for a triglyceride ester that is semisolid or solid at room temperature and contains a high percentage of saturated fatty acids
Fatty Acidsa product of decomposition of fats
Febrilecharacterized by high fever, causing dehydration of the body
FTCagency of federal government created in 1914 to promote free and fair competition by prevention of trade restraints, price fixing, false advertising and other unfair methods of competition

Section 13

Question Answer
FermentationBacterial decomposition of carbohydrates
Fever Blisterslesions of mucous membrane of the lip or mouth usually caused by Herpes simplex type I or II or by dehydration of the mucous membrane
FirmingRidgidity of tissues due to chemical reactions
FixationAct of making tissues ridgid. The solidification of a compound
FixativeA agent employed in the preparation of tissues, for the purpose of maintaining the existing form and structure. Most is formalin

Section 14

Question Answer
Formaldehyde/HCHOcolorless, strong-smelling gas that when used in a solution is a powerful preservative and disinfectant is also a occupational carcinogen
Formaldehyde Greygray discoloration of the body after being embalmed due to the reaction of formaldehyde with hemoglobin to form methylhemoglobin
Formaldehyde ruleOSHA regulation limiting the amount of occupational exposure to formaldehyde gas
Gangrenenecrosis, death of tissues on extremities of the body, usually due to deficient or absent blood supply
Ganagrene, dryCondition that results when the body part that dies had little blood and remains aseptic; occurs when artery or veins are obstructed
Gangrene, moist (wet)Necrotic tissue that is wet as a result of inadequate venous drainage; may be accompanied by saprophytic bacteria

Section 15

Question Answer
Gangrene, WetNecrosis in a wound infected by an anaerobic gas-forming bacillus, the most common etiologic agent ebing Clostridium Perfringens
Gravity FiltrationExtravascular movement of preservative fluids by gravitational force to the dependent areas of the body
Gravity injectorApparatus used to inject arterial fluid during the vascular (arterial) phase of the embalming process; relies on gravity to create pressure required to deliver the fluid (.43 lbs of pressure)
Groove DirectorInstrument used to guide vein tubes into vessels
Hand PumpHistorical instrument resembling a large hypodermic syringe attached to a bottle apparatus; used to create pressure for injection or vaccum for aspiration

Section 16

Question Answer
Hard WaterWater containing large amounts of mineral salts. Must be removed from water to be used in mixing the vascular embalming solution
Hardening CompoundA chemical in powder form that has the ability to absorb and disinfect. often used in cavity treatment of autopsied cases
Hazard communication standard /ruleOSHA regulation that deals with identifying and limiting exposure to occupational hazards
Hazardous materialAn agent or material exposing one to risk
Head RestPiece of equipment used to maintain the head in the proper position

Section 17

Question Answer
Hematemesisvomiting of blood or blood in vomit
Hematomaswelling or mass of clotted blood confined to an organ or space caused by a ruptured blood vessel
Hemethe non-protein of hemoglobin; the red pigment of hemoglobin
Hemoglobinthe red respiratory portions of red blood cells; iron containing pigment of red blood cells functioning to carry oxygen to the cells
Hemolysisthe destruction of red blood cells that liberates hemoglobin

Section 18

Question Answer
Hepatitisinflammation of the liver. Caused by many agents, including viral infections, bacterial invasion, and physical agents. Fever, jaundice, and an enlarged liver usually accompany it
Hep B/HBVA severe infectious bloodborne virus
Herpesan inflammatory skin disease marked by small vesicles in clusters, usually restricted to diseases caused by herpes virus
High Preservation Demand Fluidsvascular fluid with a formaldehyde content of 25 to 36 index
Human Immunodeficiency Virus/ HIVa retro virus that causes acquired Immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)

Section 19

Question Answer
Human Remainsbody of a deceased person ,including cremated remains
Humectanta chemical that increases the ability of embalmed tissue to retain moisture
Hydroaspiratorapparatus that is connected to the water supply used to form a suction to aspirate the body cavities
Hydroceleabnormal accumulation of fluid in a sac-like structure in the body; such as the scrotal sac
Hydrothoraxabnormal accumulation of fluid in the thoracic cavity
Hydrolysisthe break down of proteins into amino acids with the addition of water
Hydrocephalusabnormal accumulation of cerebrospinal fluids in the ventricles of the brain
hydropericardiumabnormal accumulation of fluid within the pericardial sac

Section 20

Question Answer
HygroscopicAbsorbing moisture readily
Hypertonic SolutionSolution having a greater concentration of dissolved solute than the solution to which it is compared; causes a cell to shrink as water leaves cell
Hypodermic EmbalmingInjection of embalming chemicals directly into the tissues through the use of a syringe and needle or trocar
Hypostasis (Agonal hypostasis, antemortem hypostasis, postmortem hypostasis)settling of blood and or other fluids to dependent portions of the body
Hypotonic Solutioncontains less solute concentration than the cell; water will tend to enter the cell and cause it to SWELL it due to osmosis

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