Naval History

jrb9664's version from 2016-07-14 16:22


Question Answer
Name the 6 frigates constructed under the Naval Act of 1794.United States, Constellation, Constitution, Chesapeake, Congress, President
Navy's Birthday13 October 1775
Ships-of-the-LineBattleships of the sailing days. Carried 60-100 various guns, largest amount
Frigates18th century. Speed. 28-44 guns mounted on single deck
Sloops-of WarSmall sailing warships. Carried 10-20 guns.
PrivateersCommissioned by the Continental Congress and by individual states to capture enemy merchant ships as prizes of war.
Navy disbanded when the last frigate, the USS Alliance sold1785
When did Captain Issac Hull aboard the USS Constitution defeated British frigate Guerriere.August 19, 1812
Two inventors that made subs a realityJohn Holland & Simon Lake
USS Maine sunk while anchored in Cuba's Havana harbor, led to Spanish American War.Feb 15, 1898. Explosion killed 250 sailors
Commodore George DeweyInstrumental in quickly ending the Spanish American War
First operational submarine1900, USS Holland
Teddy Roosevelt sent “Great White Fleet”, round-the-world cruise to show the flag and demonstrate strength of the US Navy.Dec 16, 1907-February 22, 1909
Battle of Leyte GulfFinal deciding blow to the Japanese Navy
When was the USS Nautilus finished?Underway on nuclear power, 1955
First nuclear powered aircraft carrierUSS Enterprise,1961
Former Navy pilot Neil ArmstrongFirst man on the moon, 1969
What and when was the first Trident submarine?USS Ohio, 1981
11,275 women enlisted as YeomanWWI
Women’s Reserve1942, Mildred Helen McAfee sworn in as Lieutenant Commander. 34 ratings.
When did John Paul Jones and the Bonhomme Richard take on the HMS Serapis during the Battle of Flamborough Head?September 23, 1779. “I have not yet begun to fight!”
Schooner HannahFirst of two ships commissioned by Second Continental Congress
What are the 3 types of 19th century Naval Vessels?Frigates, Sloops of war, Ships of the line
LexingtonLost at Battle of Coral Sea
Describe the Battle of Lake ErieFirst unqualified defeat of a British naval squadron in history, U.S. Captain Oliver Hazard Perry lead fleet of nine American ships to victory over a squadron of six British warships, War of 1812.
SA Douglas HegdahlCaptured by North Vietnamese 1967, Imprisoned 2 years 'Hanoi Hilton' prison. Set up communication network among prisoners. Memorized info of 256 POW's.
Carl BrashearFirst black master navy diver, lost left leg in accident where he saved other sailors. 48-79
Pharmacist's Mate First Class Francis Junior PierceTended to Marines in Battle of Iwo Jima. Exposed himself to fire to help evacuate Marines, Medal of Honor.
James E. WilliamsMost decorated sailor in history. Vietnam, 3 hour battle. Inspired squadron to take out 65 enemy craft
Quasi-War1798-1800, US didn't want to pay France back because new regime, owed old one.
01. What date commemorates the birthday of the United States Navy?13 Oct 1775
02. The Second Continental Congress approved the purchase of how many vessels?Two
03. Which of the following were naval vessels in the early 19th century?1. Frigates 2. Sloops of war 3. Ships of the line
04. What category of ship carried the largest number of guns?1. Ships of the line
05. What type of ships did privateers typically sail?Schooners
06. What ship was the first warfare submarine?Turtle, unsuccessful attack on warship, 1776
07. Which of the following ships has the distinction of being the U.S. Navy’s first flagship?Alfred
08. What country was the first to recognize the “Stars and Stripes”?France
09. John Paul Jones is often referred to as the “father of our highest naval traditions” because of the example he set as an officer during the Revolutionary War. He is also famous because of which of the following accomplishments?His victory over the HMS Serapis
10. At various times during the Revolutionary War, the U.S. Navy had 56 vessels. What was the peak number of vessels that were operating at any one time?27
11. Approximately how many ships did the British loose to privateers?2,000
12. What is the oldest U.S. Navy ship still in commission?Constitution
13. Who was president when the U.S. Navy Department was established, and when?John Adams, April 30, 1798
14. When did the expression “Millions for defense, but not one cent for tribute” originate?During the “Quasi” War
15. Who led the naval forces into Tripoli Harbor and destroyed the captured US frigate USS Philadelphia?Stephen Decatur
16. The War of 1812 was caused, in part, by the efforts to accomplish which of the following goals?Stopping forced service of American seamen in the British navy
17. During the War of 1812, what ship earned the nickname “Old Ironsides”?Constitution
18. On which of the following Great Lakes did Captain Oliver Hazard Perry defeat a British squadron, cutting British supply lines?Lake Erie
19. What ship was one of the first ships-of-the line?North Carolina
20. The first half of the 19th century saw a development that was to change navies all over the world. What was that development?Steam power
21. In 1843, what invention incorporated in the USS Princeton paved the way for progress in the development of propulsion systems?The screw propeller
22. In 1854, Commodore Perry signed a treaty that opened up what market to American trade?Japan
23. Although neither side could claim victory, the battle between the USS Monitor and the Virginia (Merrimack) was important for which of the following reasons?The battle began the era of the ironclads, 1862
24. The first true submarine attack was conducted against what Union ship?USS Housatonic (vs. Hunley)
25. During what Civil War battle was the order “Damn the torpedoes! Full speed ahead!” given?Mobile Bay
26. What person defined sea power, showed the importance of knowing naval needs, and advocated a large, powerful Navy?Alfred T. Mahan, 'Influence of Sea Power on History'.
27. What ship has been labeled as the first modern cruiser in the U.S. Fleet?USS Newark
28. “Remember the Maine,” referring to the USS Maine, was the battle cry for which of the following wars?The Spanish-American War
29. In what year did the Navy accept its first operational submarine?1900
30. Construction of our first destroyer began in what year?1899
31. What ship was considered our first “first-class” battleship?USS Indiana
32. Who was the Navy’s first aviator?Lt. Ellyson
33. Destroyers were first used effectively for antisubmarine warfare during what war?World War I
34. In what war did women first serve as members of the Navy?World War I
35. In what capacity did women first serve as members of the Navy?Yeoman
36. What was the first aircraft carrier designed from the keel up?USS Ranger, 1934
37. What was the first naval battle of World War II in which two opposing fleets didn’t see each other during combat?The Battle of the Coral Sea
38. What was the decisive battle of World War II that became the turning point of the war in the Pacific?The Battle of Midway
39. During World War II, the Japanese loss/losses of what island(s) heralded the end of the war in the Pacific?Philippines
40. During World War II, the Navy was heavily involved in which of the following Atlantic (European) actions?The invasion of Normandy
41. Which of the following were types of ships built during World War II?1. Net tenders 2. Mine sweepers 3. Repair ships 4. All of the above
42. Which of the following combat systems came into full use during World War II?1. Radar 2. Sonar
43. During World War II, WAVES were eligible for how many ratings?34
44. In what year was the Women’s Armed Services Integration Act passed?1948
45. The first extensive use of jet aircraft and helicopters occurred during what war?The Korean Conflict
46. The first U.S. Navy nuclear-powered vessel was what type of ship?Submarine
47. In what year did the USS Nautilus make its history-making transpolar voyage?1958
48. In what year were the first nuclear-powered surface ships launched?1961
49. In what year was the first American satellite, Vanguard, 3 ½ pound payload, placed in orbit?1958
50. America’s first suborbital flight was made by what Navy officer?Commander Shepard Jr
51. Which of the following warfare tactics was used during the Vietnam Police Action?Gunfire support 2. Riverine operations 3. Coastal interdiction
52. Which of the following ships was the world’s first nuclear-powered carrier?USS Enterprise
53. What moon mission was completely manned by Navy personnel?Apollo 12
54. In what year was the Alvin, a deep diving vehicle, tested at 6,000-foot depths?1965
55. In what year was the first nuclear-powered, deep-submergence research and ocean-engineering vehicle launched?1969
56. Which of the following is/are principle development(s) of the Trident system?1. A nuclear-powered fleet ballistic missile submarine 2. A strategic weapons system 3. An integrated logistics support system. July 19, 1974
57. Which of the following are the most recent additions to the surface fleet?LHAs
58. The Navy helped move approximately how many pounds of equipment and supplies during Dessert Shield/Desert Storm?18.3 billion tons
59. Who was the first Fleet Admiral of the NavyGeorge Dewey
60. Who were the 4 WWII Fleet AdmiralsWilliam D. Leahy, Ernest J. King, Chester W. Nimitz, William F. Halsey
61. When did the Battle of Hampton Roads take place?March 9, 1862
62. When did the Battle of Mobile Bay take place?August 5, 1864
63. When did the Battle of Manila Bay take place?May 1, 1898
64. When did Pearl Harbor take place?December 7, 1941
65. When did the Battle of the Coral Sea take place?May 4-8, 1942
66. When did the Battle of Midway take place?June 4-6, 942
67. When did D-Day (Operation Overlord) take place?June 6, 1944
68. When did the Battle of Leyte Gulf take place?October 23, 1944
69. When did the Battle of Guadalcanal take placeNovember 12-15, 1942
70. How and when did the Spanish-American War end?U.S. Naval forces at Cuba cornered Spanish at Santiago Bay, July 3, 1898. Cuba/Puerto Rico fell.
71. When did the USS Cole tragedy take place?October 12, 2000
72. What is V-J Day and when did it take placeSeptember 2, 1945, Japan's official surrender aboard the USS Missouri