Natural Dye - Terms

rudyryu's version from 2016-02-28 04:58


Question Answer
mordantA chemical assistan that helps the dye adhere to the fiber; Helps dye adhere to fiber, Sets the dye for color-and light-fastness, can alter dye colors, interacts differently with different dyes
tannin, alum, chrome, copper, iron and tinCommon mordants are...
pre-mordantingmordanting before the fiber goes into the dyebath
dyebatha solution created by cooking or soaking your dye material (leaves, roots, stems, flowers, etc...) in water in order to extract the dye chemicals into the water.
hot-extraction, cold-extraction, sun-extractionmethods of obtaining dye from dyestuff are...
dyestuffAny material from which dye can be extracted. For natural dyeing this is most often some part of a plant (bark, leaves, flowers, stems, twidgs, roots), occassionally an animal (historically, insects and shellfish mostly)
to saddento mute a color
alumthe safest mordant to use; often used with Cream of Tartar
ironaka Ferrouse-Sulfate is an easy mordant; made by soaking a hand-ful of rusty object in a jar of water for a few weeks...then using that water as mordant
chrome aka Sodium-Bichromate commonly used to birghten colors, and used with wool and mohair. It is an extremely toxic heavy metal...DANGEROUS and must be professionaly disposed of. Always wear gloves and a respirator when using chrome.
tanninA naturally occuring substance in tree barks, oak galls, tea leaves, sumac, etc. Can be produced by grinding and soaking peeled acorns, or boiling sumac twigs to release it. Best for use with cellulose fibers; plant fibers.
juniper needleshistorically usesd by Native Americans, especially the Navajo. Prepared by burning and catching ashes in a pan; creating alye that will act as the mordant
rhubarb leavesA traditional mordant that can be used as a mordant or as a color modifier. Process outside..wear gloves and a respirator as that rhubarb leaves are known to be TOXIC.