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Naloxone (Narcan)

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paramedic's version from 2017-08-27 22:39

Section

Question Answer
ClassificationNarcotic Antagonist AND Antidote
Mechanism of ActionReverses effects of certain Narcotic & Synthetic narcotic analgesic & competes with analgesic and opiate receptor sites
IndicationsKnown/ suspected narcotic overdose with respiratory rate <12 or decreased tidal volume
Contraindications Hypersensitivity AND Do not give to patients who are on "end of life" narcotic analgesics, it may push them into withdrawal when they are too weak to physically handle the withdrawl.
Side EffectsSeizures, withdrawals (nausea, vomiting, diarrhea), anger, hypertension, tachydysrhythmias.
Routes of AdministrationIV, IM, IO, SQ, ET
Onset / Duration 30 - 90 seconds / 20 - 30 mins.
Adult Dosage0.4 - 2.0 mg IV / IM push every 2 - 3 min.
Pediatric Dosage0.1 mg/kg IV/IM (Max 2 mg)
Additional Info.Administer drug slowly to avoid vomiting... more info...
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