Musical Periods (Classical)

gscrafton111's version from 2017-08-29 02:43

Section 1

Question Answer
Medieval(500 -1400) Religious, vocal led music mainly consisting of Gregorian chant and choral material. Era laid foundations for notation and theory that would shape the common-practice era. Notable troubadours: Martín Codax / Guilhem Ademar / William IX, Duke of Aquitaine
Renaissance(1400 - 1600) Music was increasingly freed from medieval constraints, and more variety was permitted in range, rhythm, harmony, form, and notation. Influenced by the recovery of the literary and artistic heritage of Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome; increased innovation and discovery; the growth of commercial enterprises; the rise of a bourgeois class. Notable Composers: Guillaume Du Fay / Thomas Tallis / William Byrd / Orlande de Lassus
Baroque(1600 - 1750) The Baroque ('misshapen pearl') period saw the creation of tonality, an approach to writing music in which a song or piece is written in a particular key. Notable Composers: Bach / Vivaldi / Handel / Pachelbel

Section 2

Question Answer
Classical(c.1730 - 1820) Classical music has a lighter, clearer texture than Baroque music and is less complex. It is mainly homophonic, using a clear melody line over a subordinate chordal accompaniment, but counterpoint was by no means forgotten, especially later in the period. It also makes use of style galant which emphasized light elegance in place of the Baroque's dignified seriousness and impressive grandeur. Notable Composers: Haydn, Mozart, Beethoven, Schubert, JC Bach, Boccherini.
Romantic(C.1780 - 1910) In the Romantic period, music became more expressive and emotional, expanding to encompass literary, artistic, and philosophical themes. Famous early Romantic composers include Beethoven (whose works span both this period and the preceding Classical period), Schubert, Schumann, Chopin, Mendelssohn, Bellini, and Berlioz. Second half of century: Bruckner, Dvorak, Wagner, Tchaikovsky. Final wave include Mahler Puccini, Sibelius and Richard Strauss.
Impressionist(c.1875 - 1925) The most prominent in musical impressionism is the use of "color", or in musical term, timbre, which can be achieved through orchestration, harmonic usage, texture, etc. Composers include Debussy and Ravel. Also Mussorgsky, Edvard Grieg.

Section 3