Music Terms

tacoaj0904's version from 2017-01-11 21:51

Section 1

Question Answer
CrescendoGradually get louder
DecrescendoGradually get softer
MezzoNot used alone; modifies forte or piano
-IssimoSuffix to piano or forte (fortissimo!)

Section 2

Question Answer
AllegroA lively pace
AndanteA walking pace
ModeratoA medium pace
LargoA slow pace
AccelerandoGradual speeding up
RitardandoGradual slowing down

Section 3

Question Answer
Unison Monophonic
Melody with accompanimentHomophonic
Competing MelodiesPolyphonic

Section 4

Question Answer
Unison (monophonic)One layer of sound (single melodic line)
Melody with accompaniment (homophonic)Predominant melody with some accompaniment.
What can a melody with accompaniment be?Ostinato, chord, harmony, etc.
Competing Melodies (polyphonic)Melodies of equal importance simultaneously.
What can a competing melody be?Rounds, canons, and partner songs.

Section 5

Question Answer
Theme and Variations (A A' A'' A''')A form where the same section is presented several times with a different variation each time.
AB (verse/refrain)Two part, BINARY, form with contrasting sections
Solo/Chorus (call/response)A form consisting of the alternation between and solo and a responding chorus or individual
ABA (ternary)A THREE-part form with a contrasting middle section
Rondo (ABACA)A form that keeps bringing back the "A" section after each new one.
CodaSpecial ending
IntroductionA "preface" to the music

Section 6

Question Answer
TimbreUnique qualities of a sound, the tone "colour" or quality.
FermataHold the note until satisfied or directed otherwise
BeatSteady pulse in music
RhythmPattern of short and long sounds and silences. Usually superimposed over an implied steady beat
Time SignatureA fraction-looking symbol at the start of a piece which indicates the number of beats and type of note values in each measure.
The timbre of a voice or instrument can be...Rough, nasal, squeaky, bright, sweet, etc.
What does the top number in a time signature indicate?How many beats per measure
What does the bottom number mean in a time signature?An abbreviation for the type of note to receive one beat (4 = quarter note)