Music history test #2 part 2

tyleradelman1's version from 2015-10-16 15:41


Question Answer
Madrigaltext in single stanza. no refrains or repeated lines. through composed, usually by major poets.
Madrigal's poetryword painting, madrigalist (musical images that evoke text, almost literally)
Performance context of Madrigal's Not for an audience, for enjoyment. Social gatherings. After meals. meetings @ academies.
General characteristics of Madrigals musicall voices have equal role. 4-5 voices. one singer/part, but instruments can double for accompaniment.
Madrigal's relationship to printed musicprinted music as a commodity, notated music for amateurs. prefer to sing in own language, so growth of vernacular stays in style
instrument families instruments developed in groups, different ranges but with shared theme.
consortsgroup of 4-7 similar instruments. composers did not specify instruments to be used
crumhornbagpipe-like. reed based
lutepredecessor to guitar. pear shaped. most popular household instrument
viola de gambaleading bowed/stringed instrument. played like a cello.
clavichordstruck strings
harpsichordplucked strings
relationship of dancing to social lifesocial standing imported by singing and dancing ability
basse dansefavorite couple dance of 15th and 16th century
pavane and galliardpavane is slow, galliard is fast triple. pair of dances
prima practica follow rules of 16th century counterpoint. as outlined by renaissance theorists like Artusi and Zarlino and practiced by Palestrina
seconda practicaCounterpoint rules ignored for the sake of dramatic expression of text/lyrics. Considered modern practice. linked with late Madrigals and Opera
Burgundy CourtGeneral geographical location in France. In 15th century, hired and paid for musicians as patrons
Cruda AmarilliItalian. Madrigals. About woman who does not repay love. By Montiverdi. 16th century
Missa sa la face ay pale: gloriastarts with Gloria. In Latin. Cantus firmus mass. By du Fay
Sing joyfully unto godin english. by William Byrd. post reformation, 16th century.