Music History Test 1

tyleradelman1's version from 2015-09-16 01:18


Question Answer
Creedformal statement of belief
laitypeople of the church (but not clergy)
clergyordained men of church who have holy orders
monasticismmonastery- they are monks
psalmpoems of praise from books of psalms
St Basil believedmusic with words allowed, valued because gave voice to scripture
Oral transmissionvery accurate as opposed to notation
Gregorian Chantattempt to standardize musical traditions in church.
early attempt for Gregorian Chant was calledschola cantorum
Pope Gregory the firstlegend says he received music from god and said music was pure. promotes roman chant.
Charlemagnesought to unify empire politically. wanted to standardize practice of music. notation helped with process.
Neumesname for symbol that represents note
scriptoriamusic copied in manuscripts of animal skin. monks did this.
Boethiusroman philosopher who placed music within mathematical disciplines. emphasized music on a persons character
musica mundanamusic of universe. mathematical relationships govern everything.
musica humanaharmony of the human body and soul
musica instrumentalisaudible music produced by voices or instruments
Microloguspractical guide for singers. covers notes, intervals, modes, etc.
modesparticular scalar pattern
8 modescategorization made memorization easier
finalusually final note of chant. 4 possibilities of d,e,f,g.
authentic final and plagal finalends on odd # and on even #. main goal is to share a use different reciting tones
reciting toneusually most prominent note in chant
solmization syllablesis there version of solfege
guido of Arezzodevelops sight singing system. based on where half and whole steps lie.
Ut queant laxissyllables for solfege.
hexachordseries of 6 pitches following solmization syllables. Built on C, F and G.
Guidonian handwith interval training, syllables, etc, sight singing is now possible
Liturgytext spoken or sung and ritual actions of a religious service
Divine Office8 services celebrated every day. consists of psalm recitation, bible readings, hymns, etc
Proper of the massscriptural texts that change daily with the liturgical calendar. sung by choir
Church Calendarchanges from service to service
language of masslatin
Mass Ordinaryset of texts of the Roman Rite Mass that are generally invariable.
neumatic2-5 pitches
syllabic1 pitch
melismatica lot of pitches
melismaphrase of singing on one syllable
directone choir sings altogether
Responsorialrecited in parts with a congregational response between each part.
antiphonalalternation between choirs/section of choir during a chant
tropenew material added to existing material
sequencenewly composed chant in which text is in couplet form and text is set syllabically
Hildegard, Columba Aspexit sounds liketrippy drone. soprano singer. LSD. solo then group.
Liturgical DramaDialogues and Plays in latin, set to chants strung together. which usually tell tale of morality.
Ordo virtutum sounds likelower sustaining pitch. soprano female singer. timbre of violin.
troubadours and trouver songs12th/13th century music. poet composers who wrote for aristocrats. worked in southern and northern france in that order.
chansonniersong books of manuscripts. mostly about troubadours/trouvere's
vidasfanciful biographies of troubadors. some were nobles/merchants/servants in court
courtly loveidealized love, lover is refined, object is woman who is not available, lover rewarded status for giving up love
Notker the Stammererguy who put words to long melismas. made pitches easier to memorize
a chantar by comets de dia sounds likeviolin/viola w/ alto singer. plucked strings enter with singer. kinda chinese.
Gradual viredunt omnes sounds likeits in a major key. soloist then group. kinda like yawning. maybe halo music.

Recent badges