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Music 100 Final REVIEW

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wociyeko's version from 2017-03-16 10:42

Section 1

Question Answer
accelerandogetting faster
accentfeeling of stress or weight given to beat or rhythmic value
accidentalsign placed in front of note to raise or lower pitch
adagioa slow tempo, faster than largo, slower than andante
agitatoagitated or excited
allegrettomoderately fast, slower than allegro
allegroquick, lively; a fast tempo
anacrusisan upbeat or pickup, one or more unstressed beats occuring prior to the initial downbeat of a phrase
andantemoderately slow, "walking" pace
memorize

Section 2

Question Answer
andantinolittle faster than andante
animatoanimated w/life
appassionatopassionately
authentic cadenceprogressions of dominant to tonic at a phrase ending
barunit of division
barline thin vertical line separating music into measures
beamthick horizontal line connecting several flagged notes
beatone of a series of regular and ongoing pulses/segments of musical time
cadenceending of a phrase
calandodecreasing in tempo and loudness
chord3 or more pitches sounded simultaneously
memorize

Section 3

Question Answer
chromaticreferring to notes that do not belong to the basic scale or tonality of the piece
clefsign used to denominate the lines and spaces of a staff
codaclosing portion of a piece of music
compound metermeter in which the beat is divided into 3 equal background units
background unitrhythmic value that represents the 1st/largest division of the beat
consonancefeeling of stability
counterpointart of combining 2 or more lines into coherent & musically satisfying texture
crescendoincreasing in volume/loudness
diatonicreferring to notes that belong to the basic scale or tonality of a piece
dissonancefeeling of instability
fof
memorize

Section 4

Question Answer
dolcesweetly/gently
dot sign used to lengthen a note by half
downbeatfirst beat of a measure
dupletsign used to indicate 2 equal values within a beat of compound meter
dynamicindication as to volume or loudness
energicow/energy
enharmonicpitches or intervals that are named differently but are played on the same keys of the piano (i.e. F# and Gb)
fermatasign used to indicate hold/pause on a note or rest
forte loud
memorize

Section 5

Question Answer
fortepianoloud, then immediately soft
fortissimoVERY LOUD
genretype/style of music
graciosogracefully
graveseriously
great/grand stafftreble and bass staff braced together, used for most keyboard music
half cadencea cadence that suggests more music to come
intervalany 2 notes considered in their relationship to one another
irregular metermeter consisting of an odd # of beats (i.e. 5,7) or combination of simple & compound beats
key tonal center of a piece of music as established by the scale
largo broad, very slow
memorize

Section 6

Question Answer
ledger linesnotate pitches above or below the lines and spaces of the regular musical staff
meterorganization of beats into recurring patterns of accent
moderatemoderate
morendodying away
nonharmonic tonesmelodic pitches that do not belong to underlying harmony
notesymbol designating a particular rythmic value
pesanteheavily
pickupnote(s) occuring prior to the inital downbeat of a phrase
prestofast
prestissimoabout as fast as possible
registerrelative placement of pitches in the gamut from high to low
memorize

Section 7

Question Answer
rest symbol indicataing a specific duration of silence
rhythm various durations or note values found in a piece of music
rubatofree or flexible tempo
simple metera meter in which the beat is divided into 2 equal background units
slur curved line indicating a legato
staffparallel lines and spaces for notes
syncopationdisplacement of the normal patterns of metric accent
temporate, pace, relative speed of beat
tie slightly curved line joining 2 notes into 1 longer value
upbeatbeat immediately preceding the initial downbeat, last beat in a measure
vivacevery lively
memorize