Mushroom Trivia

gscrafton111's version from 2017-07-23 17:18

Section 1

Question Answer
Pileus Differently shaped and colored upper part of the mushroom that protects the gills; it usually resembles a headdress, hence its name.
HymeniumFertile spore-producing part of the mushroom, located under the cap.
StipeAxis supporting the mushroom’s cap.
VolvaRemnant of a membrane that completely covered the immature mushroom and ruptured as the stem grew.
Mycelium Tangle of hyphae created through spore germination, from which the aboveground part of the mushroom develops.
HyphaMicroscopic filament, often white, that draws water and the organic matter necessary for mushroom development.
SporesMicroscopic seeds acting as reproductive agents; they are usually released into the air and fall on a substrate to produce a new mushroom.

Section 2

Question Answer
Boletus EdulisPenny Bun or Porcini - Member of the genus Boletus. Prized as an ingredient in various foods, B. edulis is an edible mushroom held in high regard in many cuisines. Common in Northern Hemisphere.
Clavoroid Fungi Coral fungi or claviroid fungi, are mushrooms that are usually shaped like coral, but can also be shaped like forks, worms or clubs. They are rubbery and sometimes are brightly coloured. Genus Clavaria.
Fistulina hepatica Beefsteak Fungus - Belonging to the genus Fistulina - As its name suggests, it looks remarkably similar to a slab of raw meat. It has been used as a meat substitute in the past, and can still be found in some French markets.
Auricularia auricula-judaeJew's Ear - Genus: Auricularia - The fruiting body is distinguished by its noticeably ear-like shape and brown colouration; it grows upon wood, especially elder. Its specific epithet is derived from the belief that Judas Iscariot hanged himself from an elder tree; the common name "Judas's ear" eventually became "Jew's ear", while today "jelly ear" and other names are sometimes used. The fungus can be found throughout the year in temperate regions worldwide, where it grows upon both dead and living wood.

Section 3

Question Answer
Amanita MuscariaFly Agaric - Psychoactive member of the genus Amanita, highly iconic red with white dots, common in northern hemisphere.
Hypholoma fasciculareSulphur Tuft - Genus: Hypholoma - is a common woodland mushroom, often in evidence when hardly any other mushrooms are to be found. This saprophagic small gill fungus grows prolifically in large clumps on stumps, dead roots or rotting trunks of broadleaved trees.
Hebeloma crustuliniformePoison Pie - Genus: Hebeloma - A common mushroom, Hebeloma crustuliniforme can be found in open woodland and heathland in summer and autumn, though may extend through winter in places with milder winters such as California.
Russula emeticaThe Sickener - Genus: Russula - Red topped mushroom with creamy white gills and stem. The mushroom's common names refer to the gastrointestinal distress they cause when consumed raw.
Amanita phalloidesDeath Cap - Genus: Amanita - The large fruiting bodies (mushrooms) appear in summer and autumn; the caps are generally greenish in colour, with a white stipe and gills. It has been involved in the majority of human deaths from mushroom poisoning, possibly including the deaths of Roman Emperor Claudius in AD 54 and Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI in 1740.

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