Musculoskeletal 4

juniperk's version from 2018-03-04 19:34


Question Answer
Osteoporosis- What should be reduced in diet?caffeine, cigarettes, carbonated drinks, alcohol
Osteoporosis- PharmacologicCalcium and Vitamin D supplements, Bisphosphonates, Selective estrogen receptor modulators, estrogen supplements, anabolic agents (recombinant parathyroid hormone), nuclear factor-kappa B ligand targeted therapies
5 S/S of osteomalacia1 Bone pain, 2. muscle weakness, 3. bowing of bones 4. pathologic fracture 5. kyphosis
Paget's disease - S/S 61.Skeletal deformity 2 Hearing loss 3 headaches 4 Tenderness and warmth over bones 5 Deep aching pain increasing with weight bearing 6 Tingling and numbness in extremities
Paget's disease - treatment 5NSAIDS, assistive devices, weight control, bisphosphonates, surgery
What is the most common cause of septic arthritis?Staphylococcus aureus
Spondyloarthropathies- pharmacology 4NSAIDS and corticosteroids, Methotrexate, Anti-TNF therapy,
How do you treat ankylosing spondylitis?Interleukin 17 inhibitor- stay active, apply heat and cold
When does reactive arthritis occur? S/S 3?Not contagious. Occurs after an infection, primarily gastrointestinal or genitourinary. It mostly affects young adult males. S/S urethritis, arthritis, and conjunctivitis. Dermatitis and ulcerations of the mouth and penis may also be present. Low back pain is common. Corticosteroid, topical steroids
What is psoriatric arthritis treated with? 4DMARDS, immunosuppressants, steroid injections, joint replacement
Patient's with osteomyelitis present with what symptom?Constant pulsating pain intensified with movement. Swollen, warm, red area, fever.
Ewings's sarcoma- risk factors 3, S/S 5Age, Male, caucasian. S/S- Swelling, palpable mass, Pain, Fever, Fracture.
Bone tumor mgmt- Medicatl tx 3Destroy or remove tumor, Bisphosphonates, Palliative care.
Bone tumor mgmt- nursing tx 6Education/emotional support 2. Limit palpation 3. Neurovascular assessment 4. Mobility 5. Monitor wound healing 6. Monitor for hypercalcemia and for need of blood products.

Recent badges