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Muscles of the Lower Body

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karevapa's version from 2015-10-24 17:24

Section

Question Answer Column 3 Column 4 Column 5
IliacusIliac FossaLesser trochanterhip flexion and lateral rotation
Psoas MajorBodies, discs, and transverse processes of all lumbar vertebraelesser trochanterhip flexion and lateral rotation (synergist for trunk flexion)
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Question Answer Column 3 Column 4 Column 5
Gluteus Maximusposterior ilium, sacrum, and coccyxgluteal tuberosity (1/4) and iliotibial tract (3/4)hip extension, hip lateral rotationinferior gluteal nerve
Gluteus Mediusexternal blade of the iliumgreater trochanterhip abduction, hip medial rotationsuperior gluteal nerve
gluteus minimusexternal blade of the iliumgreater trochanterhip abduction, hip medial rotationsuperior gluteal nerve
tensor fascia lataeanterior superior iliac spineiliotibial tracthip abduction, hip medial rotation (supports knee)superior gluteal nerve
piriformisanterior surface of sacrumgreater trochanterhip lateral rotationnerve to piriformis
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Question Answer Column 3 Column 4 Column 5
sartoriusanterior superior iliac spinesuperior medial surface of tibiahip flexion, abduction, lateral rotation, knee flexionfemoral nerve
rectus femorisanterior inferior iliac spine and superior acetabulumtibial tuberosity via the patellar tendonhip flexion, knee extensionfemoral nerve
vastus intermediusanterior shaft of femurtibial tuberosity via the patellar tendonknee extensionfemoral nerve
vastus lateralisintertrochanteric line and lateral linea asperatibial tuberosity via the patellar tendonknee extensionfemoral nerve
vastus medialisintertrochanteric line and medial linea asperatibial tuberosity via the patellar tendonknee extensionfemoral nerve
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Question Answer Column 3 Column 4 Column 5
gracilisbody of pubissuperior medial surface of tibiahip adduction, knee flexionobturator nerve
pectineussuperior pubic ramuspectineal linehip adductionfemoral nerve
adductor longusbody of pubismedial linea asperahip adductionobturator nerve
adductor brevisbody of pubismedial linea asperahip adductionobturator nerve
adductor magnus (adductor portion)ischiopubic ramusmedial linea asperahip adductionobturator nerve
adductor magnus (hamstring portion)ischial tuberosityadductor tuberclehip extensionsciatic nerve
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Question Answer Column 3 Column 4 Column 5
semimembranosusischial tuberosityposterior aspect of medial tibial condylehip extension, knee flexion, knee rotationsciatic nerve
semitendinosusischial tuberositysuperior medial surface of tibiahip extension, knee flexion, knee rotationsciatic nerve
biceps femorislateral linea aspera (short), ischial tuberosity (long)head of the fibulaknee flexion, hip extension (long only)sciatic nerve
popliteuslateral femoral condyleposterior proximal tibiaunlocks the knee from the screw home mechanismtibial nerve
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Question Answer Column 3 Column 4 Column 5
gastrocnemiusmedial and lateral femoral condylesposterior calcaneus via the achilles tendontalocrural plantar flexion, knee flexiontibial nerve
soleushead of fibula, posterior tibia and interosseous membraneposterior calcaneus via the achilles tendontalocrural plantar flexiontibial nerve
plantarissuperior lateral femoral condyleposterior calcaneus via the achilles tendontalocrural plantar flexion, knee flexiontibial nerve
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Question Answer Column 3 Column 4 Column 5
flexor hallucis longusinferior posterior fibuladistal phalanx of the great toedigit flexion of hallux, talocrural plantar flexiontibial nerve
tibialis posteriorinterosseous membranenavicular and medial cuneiformsubtalar inversion, talocrural plantar flexiontibial nerve
flexor digitorum longusposterior inferior tibiadistal phalanx of digits 2-5digit flexion of digits 2-5, talocrural plantar flexiontibial nerve
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Question Answer Column 3 Column 4 Column 5
tibialis anteriorlateral shaft of tibia and interosseous membranebase of metatarsal 1 and medial cuneiform (dorsal surface)talocrural dorsiflexion, subtalar inversiondeep peroneal nerve
extensor hallucis longusinferior anterior fibula and interosseous membranedistal phalanx of halluxhallux extension, talocrural dorsiflexiondeep peroneal nerve
extensor digitorum longussuperior anterior fibula and interosseous membranedistal phalanx of digits 2-5digit extension of digits 2-5, talocrural dorsiflexiondeep peroneal nerve
peroneus tertiusinferior medial fibulabase of metatarsal 5subtalar eversion, talocrural dorsiflexiondeep peroneal nerve
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Question Answer Column 3 Column 4 Column 5
peroneus longushead of fibula and upper 2/3 lateral fibulabade of metatarsal 1 and medial cuneiform (plantar surface)subtalar eversionsuperficial peroneal nerve
peroneus brevislower 2/3 of lateral fibulabase of metatarsal 5subtalar eversionsuperficial peroneal nerve
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Question Answer Column 3 Column 4 Column 5
extensor hallucis brevissuperior calcaneustendons of extensor hallucis longusextension of digit 1deep peroneal nerve
extensor digitorum brevissuperior calcaneustendons of extensor digitorum longusextension of digits 2-4deep peroneal nerve
flexor hallucis breviscuboid, lateral cuneiform, and tendon of tibialis posteriorsides of base of proximal phalanx of halluxflexion of digit 1tibial nerve
flexor digitorum breviscalcaneus (plantar)sides of intermediate phalanges of digits 2-5flexion of digits 2-5tibial nerve
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