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Muscle Origins, Insertions, Actions, & Innervations (Hip)

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garylcp2's version from 2017-04-17 18:05

Hip Muscles Innervated by the Femoral Nerve

Question Answer Column 3 Column 4 Column 5
IliopsoasIliac fossa, anterior and lateral surfaces of T12 - L5Lesser trochanterHip flexionIliacus portion: femoral nerve, Psoas major portion: L2, L3
Rectus FemorisAnterior inferior iliac spine (AIIS)Tibial tuberosity via patellar tendonHip flexion, knee extensionFemoral nerve , L2, L3, L4
SartoriusASISProximal medial aspect of tibia (Res Anserine)Combination of hip flexion, abduction, lateral rotationFemoral nerve, L2, L3
PectineusSuperior ramis of pubisPectineal line of femurHip flexion and adductionFemoral nerve, L2, L3, L4
Vastus LateralisLateral Lip of Linea Aspera, Distal to Greater TrochantorTibial Tuberosity via paterllar ligamentKnee ExtensionFemoral Nerve L2, L3, L4
Vastus MedialisMedial Lip of Linea AsperaTibial Tuberosity via Patellar LigamentKnee ExtensionFemoral Nerve L2, L3, L4
Vastus IntermediusAnterior FemurTibial Tuberosity via Patellar LigamentKnee ExtensionFemoral Nerve L2, L3, L4
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Hip Muscles Innervated by the Obturator Nerve

Question Answer Column 3 Column 4 Column 5
Adductor LongusSup. Ramus of Pubic BoneMiddle 3rd of Linea asperaHip adductionObturator L3, L4
Adductor BrevisInf. Ramus of Pubic BoneProximal 3rd of Linea AsperaHip adductionObturator L3, L4
Adductor MagnusInf. Ramus of Pubic Bone, Ischial Ramus, Ischial TuberosityAnterior: entire Linea Aspera
Posterior: Adductor Tubercle
Hip adductionObturator L3, L4
GracilisPubic Symphysis & Inf. Pubic RamusPubic Symphysis& Inf. Pubic RamusHip adductionObturator L2, L3
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Question Answer Column 3 Column 4 Column 5
PiriformisSacrumGreater Trochanter of FemurLateral Hip RotationS1, S2 segments
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Hip Muscles (Lateral Rotater Group)

Question Answer Column 3 Column 4 Column 5
Gemellus SuperiorIschiumGreater Trochanter of FemurLateral Hip rotationNerve to Obturator internus
Gemellus InferiorIschial tuberosityGreater Trochanter of femurLateral hip rotationNerve to Quadratus femoris
Quadratus FemorisIschial tuberosityIntertrochantric crest of femurLateral hip rotationNerve to Quadratus femoris
Obturator InternusRami of pubis and ischiumGreater trochanter of femurLateral Hip RotationNerve to obturator internus
Obturator ExternusRami of pubis and ischiumTrochantric fossa of femurLateral Hip rotationObturator Nerve
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Hip Muscles (Hamstring Group) Innervated by the Sciatic Nerve

Question Answer Column 3 Column 4 Column 5
SemimembranosusIschial tuberosityPosterior surface of medial condyle of tibiaExtend hip and flex kneeSciatic nerve L5, S1, S2
SemitendinosusIschial tuberosityAnteromedial surface of proximal tibia (Pes Anserine)Extend hip, flex kneeSciatic Nerve L5, S1, S2
Biceps FemorisLong head- Ischial tuberosity, Short head- Lateral lip of linea asperaFibular headLong head- Extend hip/flex knee, Short head- Flex kneeLong head- Sciatic nerve S1, S2, S3, Short head- Common peroneal nerve L5, S1, S2
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Hip Muscles Innervated by the Gluteal nerves

Question Answer Column 3 Column 4 Column 5
Gluteus MediusOuter surface of iliumLateral surface of greater trochanter of FemurHip abductionSuperior gluteal L4, L5, S1
Gluteus MinimusLateral iliumAnterior surface of greater trochanter of FemurHip abduction, medial rotationSuperior gluteal nerve L4, L5, S1
Tensor Fascia LataeAnterior superior iliac spineLateral condyle of tibiaCombined hip flexion and abduction, medial rotationSuperior gluteal nerve, L4, L5, S1
Gluteus MaximusPosterior sacrum and iliumPosterior femur distal to greater trochanter and to iliotibial bandHip extension, hyperextension, lateral rotationInferior gluteal nerve L5, S1, S2
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