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Muscle Energy

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gr8chameleon's version from 2017-07-23 03:38

Section 1

Question Answer
Concentriccontraction of muscle resulting in approximation of attachments.
Eccentriclengthening of muscle during contraction due to an external force
Isolyticform of eccentric contraction designed to break adhesions using an operator-induced force to lengthen the muscle. Counterforce is greater than the patient force.
IsometricChange in the tension of a muscle without approx. of muscle origin and insertion. 2. Operator force = patient force
Isotonic contraction w/ constant force applied. Operator force <or> patient force.
Which is used for ME?
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Section 2

Question Answer
crossed extensor reflexIn limbs, flexing 1msc causes contralateral extension
mechanoreceptorA receptor excited by mechanical pressures or distortions, such as those responding to touch and muscular contractions
muscle energy technique“A system of diagnosis and treatment in which the patient voluntarily moves the body as specifically directed by the physician; this directed action is from a precisely controlled position, against a defined resistance by the physician”
oculocephalogyric reflex(oculogyric reflex, cephalogyric reflex), automatic movement of the head that leads or accompanies movement of the eyes
respiratory cooperationAn osteopathic practitioner-directed inhalation and/or exhalation by the patient to assist the manipulative treatment process.
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Section 3

Question Answer
Carl Kettlermitchel accredited as 1st to treat msc and fascia using a precisely executed counterforce
TJ RuddyRapid Rhythmic Resistive Duction
Fred Mitchel Sr.Developed ME in the 1940s-50s
ME is usually what type of techniquedirect and active
Golgi Tendon receptorsrespond to changes in tension within the muscle
Muscle Spindle receptorsrespond to changes in muscle length and tonus
Extrafusal fibers (i.e. standard muscle cells)innervated by α (alpha)motor neurons
Muscle spindle fibers(intrafusal fibers) innervated by γ (gamma) motor neurons.
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Section

Question Answer
What is muscle energy?a soft tissue manipulation to improve musculoskelatal function and reduce pain
When do we use muscle energy?when a hypertonic muscle is causing joint dysfunction
What does muscle energy do?induces relaxation of hypertonic musculature and stretches muscles when appropriate
Dysfunction is defined as an individual loss of...balance, flexibility, stability, or strength
Hypertonicity causes....an imbalance of muscle forces at the joints, which can lead to displacement
Theoretically muscle energy causes...postisometric relaxation, reduced tone after isometric contraction, and reciprocal inhibition
Reciprocal inhibition is...inhibition of antagonists during agonist contraction, followed by reduced tone in the antagonist.
In muscle energy, the treatment barrier is...the point of pain or the first tissue stop
The patient is moved into the treatment position...passively
The effort of the isometric contraction should equal about...6 pounds
Each contraction should be held5 to 10 seconds
Repeat the contraction...2 to 3 times
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