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Muscle 1. Origins; 2. Insertions; 3. Actions; of Pelvis and Thigh

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pytpatrick's version from 2016-05-01 16:43

Section 1

Question Answer
Rectus FemorisAnterior Inferior Iliac spine (AIIS)
Vastus MedialisMedial lip of Linea Aspera
Vastus LateralisLateral lip of Linea aspera, Greater Trochanter, and Gluteal Tuberosity of the femur
Vastus IntermediusAnterior/lateral shaft of the femur
Biceps FemorisLong head: Ischial Tuberosity; Short head: lateral lip of Linea Aspera
SemitendinosusIschial Tuberosity
SemimembranosusIschial Tuberosity
Gluteus MaximusCoccyx, edge of the sacrum, posterior iliac crest, sacrotuberous and sacroiliac ligaments
Gluteus Mediusjust below the Illiac Crest, Gluteal surface of Ilium, between posterior and anterior gluteal lines
Gluteus MinimusGluteal Surface of the Ilium between the anterior and inferior gluteal lines
Adductor MagnusInferior Ramus of the Pubis, Ramus of Ischium, and Ischial Tuberosity
Adductor LongusPubic Tubercle
Adductor BrevisInferior Ramus of Pubis
GracilisInferior Ramus of Pubis
PectineusSuperior Ramus of pubis
SartoriusAnterior Superior Iliac Spine (ASIS)
Tensor Fasciae LataeIliac crest, posterior to the ASIS
Illiopsoas Muscles Illiac Fossa; Body and transverse processes of lumbar vertebra (p. minor only on L1)
memorize

Section 2

Question Answer
Rectus FemorisTibial Tuberosity (via the patella and patellar ligament)
Vastus MedialisTibial Tuberosity (via the patella and patellar ligament)
Vastus LateralisTibial Tuberosity (via the patella and patellar ligament)
Vastus IntermediusTibial Tuberosity (via the patella and patellar ligament)
Biceps FemorisHead of fibula
Semitendinosuspes anserinus tendon (proximal/medial aspect of tibia)
Semimembranosusposterior Medial Condyle of Tibia
Gluteus MaximusIliotibial Tract (upper fibers) and Gluteal Tuberosity (lower fibers)
Gluteus MediusLateral aspect of Greater Trochanter
Gluteus MinimusAnterior aspect of Greater Trochanter
Adductor MagnusMedial lip of Linea Aspera and Adductor Tubercle
Adductor LongusMedial lip of Linea Aspera
Adductor BrevisMedial lip of Linea Aspera and pectineal line
Gracilispes anserinus tendon (proximal/medial aspect of tibia)
PectineusPectineal line of Femur (proximal/posterior shaft of tibia)
Sartoriuspes anserinus tendon
Tensor Fasciae LataeIT/Iliotibial Tract (down to lateral condyle of the Tibia
Illiopsoas Muscles Lesser Trochanter of Femur (p. minor goes to Superior Ramus of Pubis)
memorize

Section 3

Question Answer
Rectus FemorisExtend the knee (Tibiofemoral joint); Flex the hip (Coxal joint
Vastus MedialisExtend the knee (Tibiofemoral joint)
Vastus LateralisExtend the knee (Tibiofemoral joint)
Vastus IntermediusExtend the knee (Tibiofemoral joint)
Biceps FemorisFlex the knee (Tibiofemoral joint); Laterally Rotate a flexed knee (TibioFibular[T/F] joint); Tilt the pelvis posteriorly; Long head Extends and assists Lateral Rotation of the hip (Coxal joint)
SemitendinosusFlex the knee (Tibiofemoral joint); Medially Rotate a flexed knee (T/F joint); Tilt the pelvis posteriorly; Extend the hip (coxal joint); assists to medially rotate the hip
SemimembranosusFlex the knee (Tibiofemoral joint); Medially Rotate a flexed knee (T/F joint); Tilt the pelvis posteriorly; Extend the hip (coxal joint); assists to medially rotate the hip
Gluteus MaximusExtend the hip; laterally rotate the hip; Abduct the hip; (lower fibers adduct the hip)
Gluteus MediusAbduct the Hip; (anterior fibers: flex and medially rotate the hip.) (posterior fibers extend and laterally rotate the hip)
Gluteus MinimusAbduct, Medially Rotate, and Flex the Hip
Adductor MagnusAdduct, Medially Rotate the hip; assist in hip flexion; (posterior fibers extend the hip)
Adductor LongusAdduct, Medially Rotate the hip; assist in hip flexion
Adductor BrevisAdduct, Medially Rotate the hip; assist in hip flexion
GracilisAdduct, Medially Rotate the hip; Flex the knee; Medially rotate a flexed knee (TF joint)
PectineusAdduct, Medially Rotate the hip; assist in hip flexion
SartoriusFlex, Laterally Rotate, Abduct the hip; Flex the knee; medially rotate the flexed knee (T/F joint)
Tensor Fasciae LataeFlex, Medially rotate, Abduct the hip
Illiopsoas Muscles Hip flexion; Anterior Pelvic Tilt
memorize