Mus history test

kudayuhu's version from 2016-03-09 23:03


Question Answer
Romanticismmovement in arts. They valued imagination, and personal expression. moving beyond every day experience
Rise of instrumental music in 19th centuryinstrumental music gains prominence, considered most romantic of all arts.
Role of music in 19th century music no longer for court entertainment or church, but for transcendent art.
Title of composer in 19th centurychanged from craftsman to artist.
music criticismcomplexity of music explained to listeners
rise of pianomore accessibly to middle class. pianos are mass produced. larger and more durable and louder.
Leider/Art songpiece for voice and piano.
18th century art songsimple melodies, folk-like quality
19th century art songmusic becomes more elaborate. Goal is to comment on poetry through music.
strophic:each verse set to same music
modified strophic:music similar from verse to verse, some variations
Through composed:text and music proceed without substantial repeats
Song cyclegroup of several songs that collectively create a narritave
Schubertiadmany works debuted in private gatherings with friends. celebration of music
GoethePoet for Gretchen am Spinnrade, but also most influential poet for 18th.early 19th century. German composers used this work for babies of lieder.
Character pieceshort piano piece that portrays character of person/situation/emotion
Character piece pt 2sometimes several pieces grouped together to form larger collection
etude:a 'study', which examines a technical idea
Mazukra:dance associated with Poland
nocturne:relates to night or evening music
Tempo rubato:subtle accelerations and decelerations, a give and take with tempo for expressive purposes
Virtuososuperior technical skills. can play fast, high/low and difficult/challenging music
virtuoso in 19th century:associated with transcendence beyond every day. superhuman abilities
solo recitalStarted by Liszt. Played form memory. silence expected. improvised. played transcriptions.
transcriptionsan arrangement for keyboard for existing orchestral composition
Program symphonySymphony that has accompanying narrative. tells story of lovesick musician. inspired by Harriet Smithson
Idee fixemelody that represents a beloved, appears in every movement
opera in the 19th centuryBecomes popular in Europe, associated with Italian composers.
19th century opera serves whom?middle-class public.
Is opera popular?yes. New operas are constantly written.
Bel cantobeautiful singing- refers to technical and lyrical melodies. simple accompaniment that doesn't overpower singer.
cantabile-cabaletta formslow lyrical section with faster animated section
cavatinaaria sung at character's first appearance
Wagner's writing topicshis philosophies of art and music.
How did Wagner describe his now work?the artwork of the future.
Der Ring des Nibelungen story of all powerful ring which corrupts those who have it
How were Wagner's operas referred to?they were referred to as music drama.
Gesamtkuntswerktotal work of art. artwork that combines all performing arts into a single, unified whole.
Leitmotiv:motive associated with character, emotion, object or relationship with opera.
Who primarily played Leitmotivs?the orchestra
Importance of Prelude of Tristan and Isoldemelodies never cadence, harmony never resolves. opening chord is aug 6th. piece before opera.
Nationalismgeneral movement- freedom and national identiy
Johann Gottfried von HerderGerman philosopher who articulated national consciousness
composers constructed national identity by:using fold music from region. write music about national events. write vocal music using national poetry.
Exoticisminterest in places and people from other places
Mighty Five (Kuchka)Group of Russian composers who actively constructed Russian national music
Who were in the Mighty five?Balakirev, Cui, Mussorgsky, Rimsky-Korsakov, and Borodin
What did the Mighty Five do?incorporated Russian folk song, scales and polyphony in music. Admired Chopin, Liszt and Berlioz.
Alexander PushkinRussian poet and playwright. wrote historical drama on which Boris Godunov is based.