Mus History first test Spring 2016

tsa19330's version from 2016-02-19 01:09


Question Answer
The EnlightenmentIntellectual/humanitarian movement that valued Reason, Nature and Progress
Changes in cultural life in The Enlightenment were:individual rights valued, not the power of the state. Can rebel. individual faith is most important
French thinkers associated with EnlightenmentRousseau and Voltaire
American politicians associated with EnlightenmentThomas Jefferson and Benjamin Franklin
Musical style associated with enlightenmentClassical style. music should be natural and pleasing.
Operadrama presented with music
librettopoetic text of opera
Librettistthe writer of the libretto
La Serva PadronaIntermezzo, male and female, Roberto and Serbian. Opera
RecitativeSung speech with minimal accompaniment
Accompanied recitativesung speech with orchestral dialogue. Used in dramatic in tense situations
ariapiece for solo singer accompanied by orchestra. Tuneful
Da capo ariaform of many arias. ABA form, two stanzas of text, second time through 'A', singer embellishes
Opera buffacomic opera
opera seriaserious opera
Pietro Metastasiostructured the standardization of libretto
Characteristics of opera seriastories of "duty" taken from greek and latin texts. promoted morality. Featured castrati. aria/recitative alernation
Opera buffa characteristicsno castrati, bass voice. lighthearted story. involved everyday people like aristocrats.
Opera buffa stories were set inpresent day
Opera buffa's pace wasfast (for opera) includes duets, ensemble numbers
History of opera buffabegins with intermezzo. 2-3 comic characters, performed in houses and courts. audience optional
intermezzowork performed between acts of opera seria
Galant styleconsidered "natural". Short tuneful melodies in 2,3, or 4 measures. melodies repeated. accompanied by simple harmony. frequent cadences
Digli ch'io con fedele Opera seria, is an opera, woman singer. Da capo aria form. Written by Hasse
Grammar/stynax in instrumental musicno words but has grammar. adopts natural style. phrases make paragraphs or periods.
Sonatapiece of 3-4 movements which contrast in tempo and employ different from in movements. played at home for fun and entertainment
empfindsam stylea sentimental, expressive style. common in slow, second movements. chromatic harmony, free rhythmic figures. speech like melody
sonata formdifferent from sonata, the genre. common form in first movements. 3 part structure: exposition, development and recapitulation
binary formbasis for sonata form. two sections, each repeated. First section moves to V, B section moves to I.
concertoPiece written for solo instrument. first movement combines ritornello and sonata from. soloist played cadenza
cadenzaimprovised section near end of movement. features scales and arpeggios