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MT ANATOMY

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fancasket's version from 2017-10-19 20:05

Section

Question Answer
What is peristalsis?waves of muscular contractions of muscle layers which propel fluid along.
What are examples of peristalsis?Digestive tract, urination, & ejaculation
What are the reproductive organs in the male?testes
What are the reproductive organs in the female?ovaries
What is the prepuce?the foreskin; a retractable piece of skin that covers the glans of the penis
Where is the prostate gland located?encircles the urethra, inferior to the bladder
What does the prostate gland do?Adds a milky fluid to seminal fluid to activate spermtozoa
What is the first layer of the uterine lining?endometrium
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section

Question Answer
What is the endometrium?inner lining of uterus, involved in proliferating and developing into components necessary to sustain fetal life if pregnancy occurs.
What is the second layer of the uterine lining?myometrium
What is the myometrium?the middle layer of uterus, muscular layer, consisting of thick, smooth muscle tissue
What is the third layer of the uterine lining?perimetrium
What is the perimetrium?the serous outer lining around the uterus, which is actually visceral peritoneum
What is oogenesis?process of egg or ova formation
Where does oogenesis take place?female ovaries
What are the structural units of the kidney?hilus, cortex, medulla, pelvis, nephrons, and calyces
What are the functions of the kidney?filtration, formulate and eliminate waste, helps balance the level of salt and water in the body, helps maintain a steady internal environment for optimal cell metabolism (homeostasis), helps regulate PH of the blood (potential hydrogen) produces RBCs synthesis of vitamin D
Where is the location of the hilus of the kidney?concavity on medial side of kidney, where blood vessels, nerves and ureters enter and leave the kidney. Adipose helps cushion and protect kidney and hold it in abdominal cavity
What is aponeurosis?any broad flat tendon in the body
What is the galea aponeurotica?tendinous sheet of tissue over the top of the epicranius
What is a tendon?connects muscle to bone or bone to bone
What is a ligament?bone or cartilage fibrous connective tissue
Which portion of the ailmentary canal is located between the pharnyx and the stomach?the esophagus
What organ is attached to the liver?the gallbladder
What is the function of the gallbladder?a place where bile can be stored for future use in small intestine
Where does the ileum join with the large intestine?the cecum
What is a zygote?a fertilized egg
How long is typical release of an ovum from the ovary?28 days
What is gross anatomy?the study of body which is visible to naked eye ex. Looking at lobes of liver
What is microscopic anatomy?study of human body with aid of a microscope
What is regional anatomy?study of a particular body region as a seperate unit ex. head or chest
What is systemic anatomy?study of individual body organs and systems ex. digestive system or respitory system
What is the epididymis?a tightly coiled and twisted structure which lies against the posterior surface of the testes. First portion of spermatic duct,
What occurs in the epididymis?spermatozoa continues it's maturing process and leaves.Tubules that connect to testes.
What is the urethra?tube which carries urine out of the urinary bladder to the outside of the body, lined with mucous membrane, male also part of reproductive
What is the glottis?opening part between larynx and pharynx
Where is the glottis located?medial to pharynx and larynx
What occurs during the process of fertilization?sex cells combine
Where does fertilization take place?the fallopian tubes
Which structure forms communication between pharynx and the middle ear?eustachian tubes
How many pairs of salivary glands are there in the human body?3
What are the 3 pairs of salivary glands?parotid, submandibular, sublingual
Where are the parotid salivary glands?posterior lower jaw, infront of lower part of ear
Where are the sublingual glands?under the tongue
Where are the submandibular glands?behind and beneath the mandible
The pharynx and larynx are divisions of what two systems?digestive and respitory
What are the divisions of the stomach?fundus, body and Antrum
What are divisions of the small intestine?duodenum, jejunum, ileum
What are the divisions of the large intestine?ascending colon, transverse colon, descending colon, and sigmoid colon
Where are the peyers patches located?small intestine; mostly in ileum
What do the peyers patches do?keep bacteria in food from entering bloodstream
Where are islets of langerhan located?pancreas
What do the islets of langerhan do?secrete insulin
What structure forms the wall of the vermiform appendix?cecum
What are the accessory organs in the digestive system?teeth, tongue, salivary gland, gall bladder, pancreas, liver
What do accessory organs do?Bite, tear and chew. Helps with voice production, mastication process. Keeps mouth moist. Produce bile. Both help prevent toxins from entering blood stream.
Where is the cardiac sphincter valve?entrance of stomach, where esophagus empties into
Where is pyloric sphincter valve?exit of the stomach
Where is cancellous bone found?the interior of a bone
What type of tissue lines hollow body organs?epithelial tissue
What is level of organization in human body?chem., cell, tissue, organ, system, organism
What is the birth canal?vagina
On which bone is the Sella Turcica located?sphenoid bone, which houses pituitary gland
What is a membrane?.a thin expanse layer of tissue covering surfaces or separating or connecting regions, structures or organs
What is an example of a mucous membrane?lips or inner lining
In which bones are auditory ossicles found?temporal bones
What organ is located in the retroperitoneal position?kidney
What bones have to do with sense of hearing?incus, malleus, and stapes
What is anatomy?-derived from Latin and Greek "throughout" and "to cut" The study of the structure of the human body.
What is physiology?has to do with mechanics; the function
What is histology?the study of the structure of tissue
What is osteology?study of bones
What is mycology?study of muscles
What is cytology?study of cells
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