MSK part 2

jennifer12345's version from 2018-10-30 02:47

Section 1

Question Answer
Frozen shoulder (adhesive capsulitis) risk factorstype 1 diabetes, post masectomy, stroke
Trochanteric bursitis risksinjury, overuse, leg length discrepancy

Section 2

Question Answer
Symptoms of frozen shoulderstiffness, pain, limitation of motion, loss of active & passive ROM > 50%
Symptoms rotator cuff tearweakness, pain (worse night), limitation abduction, external rotation
Symptoms of meniscus tearpain, swelling, locking, weakness

Section 3

Question Answer
Treatment of frozen shouldermoist heat, NSAIDs, stretching, recovery 6 months up to 2 years
Treatment of shoulder impingementrest, NSAIDs, stretching, PT, steroid injection is conservative tx fails, referral to ortho > 2 months
Treatment of rotator cuff tearNSAIDs, stretching, strengthening, PT, steroid infection, referral if not improved > 2 months
Treatment of meniscus tearRICE, non weight bearing, NSAIDs, PT

Section 4

Question Answer
Tests for shoulder impingementNEER (more specific), Hawkins sign
Tests for rotator cuff teardrop arm test, empty can test
Tests for carpel tunnel syndromephalen's test or tinel's sign
Tests for crucial ligament injury (ACL or PCL)lachman's test, anterior drawer test
Tests for meniscus tearMcMurray, Apply, Thessaly test

Section 5

Question Answer
lateral epicondylitis (tennis elbow)extensor tendon inflammation, pain over lateral epicondyle
medial epicondylitis (golfers elbow)flexor tendon inflammation, medial condyle pain