Motor Control

jaysica2014's version from 2017-06-14 16:38

Section 1

Question Answer
automatic movements to provide stability during activitypostural mechanism
bottom to top of trianglemuscle tone, reflexes and automatic reactions, posture, rom, strength, coordination, functional occupation
cont state of mild contractions or readinessmuscle tone
flaccid, decrease in muscle tone, feels soft, heavy and offers no resistance to PROM, deep tendon reflexes are diminished or absentHypotonicity
spasticity, an increase in muscle tone, increase in resistance to passive stretch, deep tendon relfexes are hyperactiveHypertonicity
quick, repetitive, alternating contraction of the agonist and antagonist musclesclonus
increase in muscle tone in the agonist and antagonist, muslces simultaneously resulting in resistance to passive movement in any directionrigidity
demonstrate constant resistance throughout the joint ROMlead-pipe rigidity
a rhythmic give occurs in the resistance throughout the joint ROMcogwheel rigidity
MMT is not appropriate for those with ___abnormal muscle tone
techniques to influence or normalize muscle tonefacilitory or inhibatory
____ observed in infants but become integrated; but appear in adults from injury interferes with ___primative reflexes; automatic reactions
difference between primative and automatic reactionsprimative integrate to become voluntary and go away; automatic arent bornw ith but we want them for survival and keep it
protect head and fact when person is fallingprotective extension
maintain normal position of head in space and normal relataionship to the trunk/limbsrighting reactions
maintain and restore a person balance during activityequilibrium reactions

Section 2

Question Answer
differnt posturessidelying, prone, quadruped, sit, stand
no movementisometric
what comes first so it can hold before movvesisometric (co-contraction)
what affects coordinationweakness
examples to build strength/compensatereps, weight, distance, time
testing wrist3 jaw chuck, tip to tip, lateral/key
when assessing muscle tone and lower motor functions where will you stabalizeproximal
alighns, reach, manipulate, lift, etcfunctional occupation
technique for increased tone for stabilityfacilitate
technique to decrease abnormal toneinhibitive

Section 3

Question Answer
inability to perform rapid alternating movementadiadochokinesia
unsteady/jerky/robot movementdysynergia
spasmotic, contraction in face/head/necktics
stop resist muscle contraction; when resistence is unexpectedly removedrebounds phenomenon of holmes
rapid eye movement while standing stillnystagmus
speech disorder in muscle controldysarthia
abrupt/irregular moving of finger/hand/arm/face/tongue/headchoreiform movements or chorea
involuntary movements that are slow around distal portionathetoid movements
sudden controcation of large groupsspasms
difficulty with tone; held for seconds then releaseddystonia
projectile movement where abrupt and hit ballism
inability to shift from thought to thoughtperseveration