Most frequent cause of

quickster2008's version from 2015-10-03 05:07


Question Answer
Addison’sautoimmune; infection 2nd most common
Aneurysm, dissectinghypertension
UTI (young women)E. coli and Staphylococcus saprophyticus
SIADHSmall cell carcinoma of the lung
Sheehan’s syndromePostpartum pituitary infarction 2° to hemorrhage
Right-sided heart failureLeft-sided heart failure
Right heart failure due to a pulmonary causeCor pulmonale
Pulmonary hypertensionCOPD
Primary hyperparathyroidismAdenoma
Primary hyperaldosteronismAdenoma of adrenal cortex
Primary amenorrheaturners(XO)
Preventable blindnessChlamydia
Pneumonia is cystic fibrosisPseudomonas aeruginosa
Mental retardationDown syndrome Fragile X is 2nd most common
Mitral valve stenosisRheumatic heart disease
MyocarditisCoxsackie B
Nephrotic syndrome (adults)Membranous glomerulonephritis
Nephrotic syndrome (kids)Minimal change disease Associated w/ infections/vaccinations
Nephrotic syndrome (kids) txTreat w/ corticosteroids
Opening snapMitral stenosis
OsteomyelitisS. arueus
Osteomyelitis in patients w/ sickle cell diseaseSalmonella
Osteomyelitis w/ IVDAPseudomonas
Pancreatitis (acute)EtOH and gallstones
Pancreatitis (chronic)EtOH (adults) Cystic fibrosis (kids)
Peau d’orangeCarcinoma of the breast PID Neisseria gonorrhoeae (monoarticular arthritis)
Aortic aneurysm, abdominal and descending aortaAtherosclerosis
Aortic aneurysm, ascending3° syphilis
Bacterial meningitis (adults)Neisseria meningitidis
Bacterial meningitis (elderly)Streptococcus pneumoniae
Bacterial meningitis (kids)Haemophilus influenzae type B
Bacterial meningitis (newborns)E. Coli
Cancer associated w/ AIDSKaposi’s sarcoma
Congenital adrenal hyperplasia21-hydroxylase deficiency
CretinismIodine deficit/hypothyroidism
Cushing’s syndromeCorticosteroid therapy 2nd most common cause is excess ACTH secretion by pituitary
Death in CMLBlast crisis
Death in SLELupus nephropathy
DementiaAlzheimer’s 2nd most common is multi-infarct
DICGram-negative sepsis, obstetric complications, cancer, burn trauma
Ejection clickAortic/pulmonic stenosis
Glomerulonephritis (adults)IgA nephropathy (Berger’s disease)
Hematoma – epidural Rupture of middle meningeal artery (arterial bleeding is fast)
Hematoma – subdural Rupture of bridging veins (trauma; venous bleeding is slow)
HemochromatosisMultiple blood transfusions (can result in CHF and ↑ risk of hepatocellular carcinoma)
Hepatic cirrhosisEtOH
Hepatocellular carcinomaCirrhotic liver (often associated w/ hepatitis B and C)
Holosystolic murmurVSD, tricuspid regurgitation, mitral regurgitation
2° HypertensionRenal disease
Infection in blood transfusionHepatitis C
Leukemia (adults)AML
“Machine-like” murmurPDA