Most common cause of...

quickster2008's version from 2015-06-21 23:41


Question Answer
Addison’s1. autoimmune 2. infection is 2nd most common
Aneurysm, dissectingHypertension
Aortic aneurysm, abdominal and descending aortaAtherosclerosis
Aortic aneurysm, ascending3 degree syphilis
Bacterial meningitis (adults)Neisseria meningitidis
Bacterial meningitis (elderly)Streptococcus pneumoniae
Bacterial meningitis (kids)Haemophilus influenzae type B
Bacterial meningitis (newborns)E. Coli
Cancer associated w/ AIDSKaposi’s sarcoma
Congenital adrenal hyperplasia21-hydroxylase deficiency
CretinismIodine deficit/hypothyroidism
Cushing’s syndromeCorticosteroid therapy; 2nd most common cause is excess ACTH secretion by pituitary
Death in CMLBlast crisis
Death in SLELupus nephropathy
DementiaAlzheimer’s. 2nd most common is multi-infarct
DICGram-negative sepsis, obstetric complications, cancer, burn trauma
Ejection clickAortic/pulmonic stenosis
Food poisoningS. aureus
Glomerulonephritis (adults)IgA nephropathy (Berger’s disease)
Hematoma – epidural Rupture of middle meningeal artery (arterial bleeding is fast)
Hematoma – subdural Rupture of bridging veins (trauma; venous bleeding is slow)
Hepatic cirrhosisEtOH
HemochromatosisMultiple blood transfusions (can result in CHF and ↑ risk of hepatocellular carcinoma)
Hepatocellular carcinomaCirrhotic liver (often associated w/ hepatitis B and C)
Holosystolic murmurVSD, tricuspid regurgitation, mitral regurgitation
2° HypertensionRenal disease
Infection in blood transfusionHepatitis C Infection in burn victims Pseudomonas
Leukemia (adults)AML
“Machine-like” murmurPDA
Mitral valve stenosisRheumatic heart disease
MyocarditisCoxsackie B
Nephrotic syndrome (adults)Membranous glomerulonephritis
Opening snapMitral stenosis
Osteomyelitiss. aureus
Osteomyelitis in patients w/ sickle cell diseaseSalmonella
Osteomyelitis w/ IVDAPseudomonas
Pancreatitis in adultsEtOH and gallstones
Pancreatitis in kidscystic fibrosis
Peau d’orangeCarcinoma of the breast PID Neisseria gonorrhoeae (monoarticular arthritis)
Pneumonia, hospital-acquiredKlebsiella
Pneumonia is cystic fibrosis, burn infectionPseudomonas aeruginosa
Preventable blindnessChlamydia
Primary amenorrheaTurner’s (XO)
Primary hyperaldosteronismAdenoma of adrenal cortex
Primary hyperparathyroidismAdenoma
Pulmonary hypertensionCOPD
Right heart failure due to a pulmonary causeCor pulmonale
Right-sided heart failure cause besides for pulmonaleL sided heart failure
Sheehan’s syndromePostpartum pituitary infarction 2° to hemorrhage
SIADHSmall cell carcinoma of the lung
UTIE. coli
UTI (young women)E. coli and Staphylococcus saprophyticus