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Morphological Typology & Clitics

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gemmalesley's version from 2017-05-13 14:57

Section

Question Answer
Typologystructural and functional differences between languages
Isolating/analytic languagesseparate words compounded to give different meanings; no derivation or inflection
Agglutinating languageseach morphological element of the word is separately identifiable, attached to a word stem
Inflecting/synthetic/fusional languagesdifferent categories are merged; i.e. number, gender
Polysynthetic/incorporating languageswhole sentence compounded into one word
Cliticsunstressed weak forms which need a host
Weak formsyllable sounds that become unstressed in connected speech
Pro-cliticsleaning forward; j'aime
Encliticleaning backward; Gemma's
Class 1 clitics['s] is the only English example
Possessive genitive"the singer's guitar"
Genitive of origin"the singer's story"
Genitive of measure"a day's recording session"
memorize