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More sweet injuries

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pbloveskinesiology's version from 2017-06-10 17:53

Section

Question Answer
fractured clavicle- descriptionmost commonly fractured bone, 90% causes by direct impact, occurs in middle of lateral third
fractured clavicle- treatmentrest and minimal movement (sling), 12 weeks before full activity, if comminuted - surgery using plates or pin
lordosisexcessive curvature of lumbar spine
kyphosisexcessive curvature of thoracic spine
scoliosissideways curvature of spine
lower back pain risk factorspoor posture, muscle imbalance, poor core stability, leg length equality
lateral epicondylitis (tennis elbow)- descriptionaffects 3% of population, overuse injury of wrist extensors/ supinators at lateral epicondyle of humerus
tennis elbow- causesrepetitive wrist extension and supination, particularly if eccentric muscle actions are involved
rotator cuff injury- two activitiesrapid/ballistic overhead activities - throwing and racket sports
rotator cuff injury- muscle tendon sprainoccasionally rupture due to high and excessive forces; acute and traumatic
rotator cuff injury- impingement overuse injury; compression of supraspinatus in subacromial space due to small subacromial space, supraspinatus hypertrophy, shoulder joint laxity
chrondomalacia patella - descriptionchronic overuse injury, pain beneath patella, mistracking of patella and damage to patello-femoral cartilage
chrondomalacia patella- risk factorsgenu valgum, high Q angle, eversion (pronation of foot), high patella, weak vastus medialis as can't maintain patellofemoral stability via its oblique attachment to superior medial patella
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