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Modern Philosophy - Hobbes

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jacmcdan's version from 2015-12-02 00:25

Section

What are the consequences that emerges from equality of abilities? -Equality of aspirations in the pursuit of ends.
-Others are viewed with distrust.
-All are in a constant pursuit for power
-Absolute security cannot be attained
Men attack others for the sake of what three goals? -conservation
-expansion
-delectation
What are the three main causes for quarreling in human nature? -competition
-glory
-diffidence
What is included in the definition of the state of war? -Act of fighting itself, loss of life
-Time to prepare for fighting
-Money to prepare for the fighting
(Preparation)
What are the individual and collective consequences for always being in a state of war? -Individual:
(1) continual fear of violent death
(2) quality of life diminishes

 

-Collective:
(1) balance of power based only on readiness to fight doesn't bring security
(2) If not security, no culture, trade, production, society
Explain, when in the state of nature, the statement: "distinction between right and wrong coincides with my appetites." -No common power, personal will is the only law
-All wills are equal in this state, therefore, each man must follow his own will
What are the three passions that incline men to peace? -fear of death
-desire to obtain things necessary for better quality of life
-hope to get them via only industry (not war)
What are the three fundamental laws of nature? -Endeavor peace as long as there is hope of obtaining it.
-Lay down your right to all things and restrict your own liberty against others. (Golden Rule)
-Perform covenants made.