Models and Theories to Know, AP Human Geography

actress9098's version from 2016-05-15 21:16

Section 1

Question Answer
Concentric Zone ModelModel of the city in America in the Industrial Revolution. Says cities are just circles with rings of growth that gave their own function.
Bid Rent CurveGraph that shows a home's price in conjunction with how far away from the CBD it is.
Sector ModelModel of the city that has transportation running to and from the CBS,
Multiple Nuclei ModelModel of a city with several commercial centers instead of one
Galactic City Model/Peripheral ModelPost-industrial city model with manufacturing and development parks on the outside edge of the circle.
Latin American City ModelExample of the colonial city (as cities in Latin America, Africa, and Asia were built by Europeans).
Demographic Transition Model4 Stages of population growth that correspond to changes in quality of life
Rostow's Stages of Growth1. Traditional Society (agriculture) 2. Preconditions for Takeoff (infrastructure) 3. Takeoff (factory work) 4. Drive to Maturity (technology) 5. Age of Mass Consumption (services)

Section 2

Question Answer
Dependency Theory"Most lesser developed countries are highly dependent on foreign-owned" companies to give them jobs and training at factories, etc.
Theory of Industrial Location"The selection of optimal factory locations has much to do with the minimization of land, labor, resource, and transportation costs."
Retail Location Theory"The market area of a city is defined by" threshold and range
Service Location TheoryWhere are service businesses located? (footloose industries)
Von Th√ľnen's Model (Isolated State Model)Intensive farming is preformed right outside the city, after that is the forest, extensive farming, and then grazing lands
Central Place TheoryProposes the range of a market area as a hexagon
Native American DepopulationStudy of how Europeans (and their diseases) wiped out millions of Native Americans since 1492
Malthusian TheoryThe earth's population will grow too big too fast for food production to keep up

Section 3

Question Answer
Heartland-Rimland ModelYou can predict where conflicts between countries will occur depending on where resources and arable land are
Shatterbelt TheorySimilar to Mackinder's model, but this theory is for the Cold War
Containment TheoryAttempts to keep Communism from expanding into buffer states
Possiblism"Natural environment limits people" to live certain lives

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