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MMW2COHEN TERMS

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Updated 2007-03-23 09:27

Summary

Terms for WI07's MMW2 Final with Professor Cohen.
List of Terms, significance and definition.

See also

Greece

TermDefinition/Significance
ClassicalClassis-Latin means; division/class. A time period of Greece, which encompasses 500-300 BCE. This period includes high point of Athenian culture, Peloponnesian, and the defeat of Athens.
Sui GenerisOf its own kind; a way of studying antiquity in its purist form. (Going to original sources)
MythCredible, truth claims, authority
FictionNo credibility, no truth claims, no authority
LegendTruth claims
HistoryTruth claims, credibility
KnowledgeSocially approved statements that can be argued
TruthNot dependent on society; is timeless and placeless and cannot be argued
HesiodAn 8th century BCE writer in ancient Greece. Author of Theogeny.
TheogenyA creation myth. Makes truth claims, has credibility and authority in the past.
Works and DaysAnother work written by Hesiod
CronusSon of Uranus (God of sky) and Gaia. Cronus castrates his father, by the will of his mother.
Cronus, mythCronus speaks to his mother and says powerful words, which are enough to make him a myth maker.
Cottus, mythosLeader of the 100 arms who fight against the Olympian Gods; also considered to be a myth maker because he is a powerful man. Makes a powerful speech.
ZeusAlpha Greek God.
AnthropocentricGods are human like; Theogeny shows how out of the void comes these gods who begin to act human-like.
NormativeWhen a certain myth is believed by a social group, thus making it normative to the society.
Sophocles496-406 BCE. A Greek Playwright
Oedipus Rex, Oedipus at Colonus, AntigoneThree tragedies written by Sophocles
PsycheHuman soul
HadesThe underworld/ a place for the spirits of the dead
CharonA man who ferried the psyche to Hades
AcheronA river that Charon ferried psyches across to get into Hades
ObolusA coin that was put on the eyes of the dead; meant to pay for Charon as a fee for his services.
Significance of Kreon's PrideBecause he is the lawmaker, he claims to have truth. He takes the state as more important than love because he thinks love is only possible once law is properly enforced. This is the center of the conflict in the play.
Kreon's RealizationOnce Kreon realizes he has no right in making these laws he sees that because of his pride all that was important has become chaos and is now gone.
ThebesThe city in which the play Antigone takes place.
IsmeneAntigone's sister
EteoklesAntingone's brother (Given proper burial)
PolyneicesAntigone's brother (Not given proper burial)
HaimonSon of Kreon/Antigone's Fiance
KreonTyrannical ruler of Thebes
TiresiasA blind Theban prophet
memorize

Sidetracking a bit..

Conflicts in Antigone
-Antigone vs. Ismene
-Kreon vs. Haimon
-Antigone vs. Kreon
-Kreon vs. Tiresias
-Kreon vs. Death
-Love vs. Hatred
-Family devotion vs. civic law
-Public order vs. public good
-Reason vs. Emotion
-Oligarchy/Tyranny vs. Democracy
Individual conviction vs. Communal Consensus
note: The conflict between Antigone and Kreon allegorically represents the conflict between Sparta (Kreon) and Athens (Antigone)

 

Polis(City/Kreon) vs. Oikos (Home/Antigone)
Question Answer
Publicprivate
Malefemale
Rationalemotional
Competitivecooperative
memorize

Greece, Continued

Question Answer
TermSignificance/Definition
Polis City-state (singular)
PoleisCity-state (Plural)
BarbarianSomeone outside of Athens, "bar bar bar"
TyrannyCruel and oppressive rule. eg. Kreon
DemocracyRule of the people; ended privileges based on birth and family.
memorize
--
Question Answer
Mycenean Civilization1800-1500 BCE Great city-states, time of Homer
Dark Ages1100-750 BCE Population at its low/ low in culture and agriculture
Archaic Age750-480 BCE Increase in agriculture
Classical Age 500-300 BCE Athens at its height of power
memorize

 

Question Answer
AtticaAthens
PeloponneseA large peninsula in the south of Greece, included Sparta
1st PP War461-446 BCE Athens defeated Sparta
2nd PP War431-422 BCE Sparta defeated Athens
Monarchygovernment ruled by one main ruler ended in 683 BCE (Athens)
OligarchyGovernment ruled by a group of people
AristocratsSupreme in rank often ruled under an oligarchy
Solon630-560 BCE, made a change in the Athenian government: Anyone with land could vote. -->lead to democracy in Athens
MeticSlaves or other low class who were not citizens of Sparta
ThucydidesFuneral Oration of Pericles, He looks at the great Athenian democracy
Xenophon Constitution of the LacaedemoniansDescribes the social and governmental structure of Sparta, main focus was on raising warriors
LycurgusA Spartan lawmaker
memorize