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Updated 2007-02-09 19:19

MMW2 (Cohen)

 

Hiya. This is a page of terms for Prof. Cohen's MMW midterm. I guess it will make a good study guide. Items are divided by term and will be added as I go along. Feel free to add/edit stuff. Make sure it's constructive, please! :)

Greece

termdefinition
sui generisLatin for "of its own kind"
three components of myth (cube)truth claims, validity/credibility, authority
CronosOne of the titans who cut off his fathers balls. Overthrown by Zeus.
CottusMade a big speech which made him a mythmaker, because words were associated with action and through the action he is creating myth. He is also a 100-armed beast.
ZeusThe leader of the Greek gods. Overthrew Cronus, story of Iapetus and Clymene (Atlas, Menoetius, Promethius). Slept with everyone.
anthropocentricHuman centered
normativeSetting something as the standard
Sophocles(c. 496-406 BCE)
Oedipus RexHe does his mom.
Oedipus at ColonusEteokles and Polyneices kill each other.
Antigone[written 442-1 BCE]
OedipusKilled his father and marries his mother.
PolyneicesBrother of Antigone. Could not be buried because of his feud with his king brother.
memorize

More

termdefinition
EteoklesWould not give up the throne even though he and his brother made a deal to alternate kings every year. Was allowed a burial.
IsmeneAntigone's meek sister and her foil.
AntigoneLead character of the play. Embodies values of a "good" citizen because she is vocal, brash and active.
Kreon
Haimon
TeiresiasThe seer/ prophet who is right about everything at the end of the play.
CharonThe ferryman of the dead
Thebes
PsycheThe soul..the life force that goes to Hades
HadesThe underworld, hell; you don't want to end up here.
AcheronBoatman in charge of transporting the dead across the river Styx.
obolusThe coins that are put on dead people's eyes to pay for the insane shipping and handling fee.
stipulativeSpecify how one defines a term
Bacchae
Pandoraknown as the box of evils. Also the 1st woman who caused the downfall of man. Zeus sent her because he was jealous of people's fire.
GenreType of story
MisogynyWomen haters
memorize

Greece II

termdefinition
Divine/Human
Greek/Foreign
Male/Female
Loving/Cruel
Intoxication/Sobriety
Ambiguity
Paradox
Bacchant MaenadsFollowers of Dionysus
Quotidiandaily/mundane
tyranny
democracygov't of the people ("demos") typically associated with Athens
Athens
Sparta
Mycenean civilization(c. 1800-1150 BCE)
Dark Ages(c. 1150-800 BCE)
Archaic Age(c. 800-500 BCE)
Classical Age(c. 500-300 BCE)
First Peloponesian war(461-446 BCE)
Second Peloponesian war(431-422 BCE, and 413-404 BCE)
memorize

More

termdefinition
Teiresias
barbarian
Polis (plural = poleis)
autocrat
monarchy
oligarchy
archon
metic
Solon(630-560 BCE)
Pericles(c. 495-429 BCE)
Attica
Peloponnese
Thucydides[c. 460-400 BCE] Author of Funeral Oration of Pericles
Xenophon[c. 431-350 BCE]
Lycurgus
Laconia
Lacedaemonian
Helot
Ephor
allegory
memorize

Hebrews

Question Answer
Tanakh [Hebrew Bible]
Torah
Nevi'im
Ketuvim
Pentateuch
The Exile (586-539) BCE
Zohar
Moses
Israel
YHWHFrom the J-source meaning "God". From Yahwist (J-source) who study words. Ancient source of the bible (Judah)
creatio ex nihilo
redaction
Tiamat
Apsu
Mummu
MardukThe God that killed Tiamat
Tiamat (Akkadian) = Tihom (Hebrew) = "the deep"
King Josiah (c. 640-609 BCE)
AssyriaConquered Israel
Egypt
BabylonConquered Assyria and Judah
Canaan
Adam / Eve
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termdefinition
adamah earth/dirt
Cain and AbelBros. Cain killed Abel
Noah
King Nimrod(Tower of Babel)
Patriarchs(c. 1900-1600):
Abraham
Isaac
Jacob
thesis / hypothesis
covenant
philology
Genesis
Exodus
Leviticus
Numbers
Deuteronomy
Documentary Hypothesis
Yahwist (J)Study of words, uses YHWH for God, ancient source of the Bible from Judah
Elohist (E)Elohim/El is another form for God. From Israel
Priestly (P)focuses on temples, sacrifice, and other things that priests care about (3-6 BCE)
Deuteronomist (D)Deuteronomy, emphasizes covenant and power of covenant. Focuses on the laws (10 commandments)
Redactor (R)(post 538 [BCE]) Revisor, makes all the books read like one book.
memorize

Hebrews II

More

termdefinition
Exodus (c. 1600-1250 BCE)Story of Moses
circumcisioncutting of foreskin; sign of God's covenant w/ Abraham
Jew vs. Hebrew vs. Israelite
Laws of Kosher
Mt. Sinai
Goshen
ethnonym
historicity
holiness
abomination
biblical archaeologysearch for historical ratification of Biblical events through archaeology
scholarly consensus
material culture
Joshua
Gideon
Caanan
Caananite
Jericho
Israelite
Ark of the Covenant
monotheism
El
Asherah
Ba'alCanaanite fertility gods
Hittites
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termdefinition
Philistines
JudahSouthern kingdom, conquered by Babylon 578 BCE, released by Persians in 538 BCE
JerusalemKing David's capital city has a temple that is the central area of worship of the Torah
moshiachHebrew; translated as "anointed"; common usage is currently as "messiah"
internalizationA form of securing God's covenant, as opposed to external rituals and laws so as to prove obedience. People instead followed words and books, internalizing their prayer, beliefs, and morality to prove their faith in God.
synagogueGreek word meaning "meeting place"; this is where Jews meet to sacrifice their words and time to God instead of sacrficing animals and burning fat
theocracya gov't ruled by a religious leader
10 Lost TribesThe tribes of the conquered Northern kingdom. Pwned from Israeli history after 722
Ark of the CovenantCrate in which stone tablets of the 10 commandments were kept; used as a battle standard, proving which side God was on in times of war
Holy of Holiesclosed off, elite chamber where only the high priest can enter and pray on behalf of the people (in stark contrast to the ideal of internalization, in that the latter is more populist, and the Holy of Holies is elitist)
Assyriagot pwned by Babylonians
Babyloniapresent-day Iraq/Iran; pwned by Greeks. Major power in 6th c. BCE
Persiapwned Babylon, and let Hebrews go from Babylonian Exile in 538 BCE
NebuchadnezzarLived in 7th c. BCE. Pwned Judah. Took able-bodied men to Babylon (see Babylonian Exile)
Jeremiah
Ezrapriest
Nehemiah
Nimrud PrismExtra source ~724 telling about Assyrians' shuffle of the inhabitants of their conquered territories
Samaria
Cyrus the GreatPersia became powerful in 540 BCE and overthrew the Babylonians with Cyrus as king. He gave the Hebrews permission to go back to their land, allowed their temple and city to be rebuilt, but did not allow the monarchy to be restored. He did allow them to be led by a high priest.
King David
King SolomonDavid's son; builds a temple at Jerusalem that serves as a permanent area of worship for YHWH
Holy of holies a windowless chamber at the center of Solomon's temple where the holiest priest could go in and directly converse with God
RehobamSolomon's son and successor; was a very strict ruler, lead to divided monarchy
ZedekiahKing of Judah; decided that he didn't want to pay tribute to Babylonians which led to destruction of Judah
prophets"authoritative moral presences"; people that interpreted God's law
memorize

Dates

Question Answer
c. 1200 - 1020Period of Judges
c. 1020 - 1000Beginning of Israelite Monarchy (Saul)
c. 1000 - 961David
961 - 922Solomon
922 - 587Divided Monarchy (north = Israel, south = Judah)
722Fall of Israel (northern kingdom)
587Fall of Judah (southern kingdom)
587 - 538Babylonian Exile
538Return from exile
memorize

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