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Question Answer
Kourou French Guiana, (Territory of France in S America)
Baikonur Kazhakastan (Formerly in USSR)
Sriharikota Andhra Pradesh, India
Woomera Australia
Jiquan Space Launch Centre China
Al Anbar Iraq
Palmachim Air Base Israel
Uchinoura Space Center Kagoshima, Japan
Emamshahr Iran
Kapustin Yar Russia
Plesetsk Cosmodrome Russia
Cape Canaveral Florida, USA
Kennedy Space Center Merrit Island, Florida, USA
Edwards Air Force Base California, USA

Space based Navigation Systems

System Country
Question Answer
Global Positioning System (GPS) United States of America
Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System (IRNSS) India
BeiDou Navigation Satellite System China
Galileo Positioning System European Union
Quasi-Zenith Satellite System (QZSS) Japan

Slogan Given by

Question Answer
Inquilab Zindabad Bhagat Singh
Vande Mataram Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay
Quit India Mahatma Gandhi
Freedom is my birthright and I shall have it Balgangadhar Tilak
Give me blood and I shall give you freedom Subhas Chandra Bose
Jai Hind Subhas Chandra Bose
Do or die Mahatma Gandhi
Aaram haram hai Jawaharlal Nehru
Jai Jawan Jai Kisan Lal Bahadur Shastri
Jai Jawan, Jai Kisan, Jai Vigyan Atal Bihari Vajpayee
Back to the Vedas Swami Dayanand Saraswati
One religion, one caste and one God for mankind Narayan Guru

Famous Songs

Patriotic/Motivational Song Author
Question Answer
Vande Mataram Bankim chandra Chatterjee
Sarfaroshi ki Tamanna ab hamare dil mein hain Ram Prasad Bismil
Ekla chalo re Rabindranath Tagore
Sare jahan se achcha Hindustan hamara Mohammad Iqbal
Aye mere watan ke logon Kavi Pradeep

Saryodaya, Bhoodan Acharya Vinobha Bhave

Question Answer
Servants of India Society GK Gokhale
Servants of People Society Lala Lajpat Rai
Servants of God or Khudai Khidmatgar Khan Abdul Gaffar Khan
Gyan Prasarak Mandali Dadabhai Naoroji
Shuddhi Movement Swami Dayanand Saraswati
Theosophical Society Madame H. P. Blavatsky
Missionaries of Charity Mother Teresa
Home Rule Movement Annie Besant and Bal Gangadhar
Prarthana Samaj RG Bhandarkar & MG Ranade
Arya Samaj Dayanand Saraswati (Guj)
Brahmo Samaj Raja Ram Mohan Roy
Self-respect Movement EV Ramaswamy Naicker
Tattvabodhini Sabha Debendranath Tagore
Sadbhavna ke Sipahi Sunil Datt
Satyasodhak Samaj Jyotiba Phule (Mah)
Shree Narayana Dharma Paripalana Yogam Shri Narayaana Guru
Bahiskrit Hitkarni Sabha Dr BR Ambedkar
Dev Samaj (an atheistic movement) Swami Satyanand Agnihotri
Aligarh movement Sir Syed Ahmed Khan
Rashtriya Swayam Sevak Sangh Dr Baliram Hedgewar
Abhinav Bharat Vir Savarkar
Vanmahotsav KM Munshi
Narmada Bachao Medha Patkar
Sulabh International Dr Bindeshwar Pathak
Vanarai Dr. Mohan Dharia
Bhartiya Vidya Bhavan Kanhaiyalal Maneklal Munshi
Citizens for Democracy Jaya Prakash Narayan
People's Union for Civil Liberties and Democratic Rights Jaya Prakash Narayan
Super 30 Anand Kumar
If a God were to tolerate untouchability, I would not recognize him a God at all. Bal Gangadhar Tilak
He has in him the marvellous spiritual power to turn ordinary men around him into heroes and martyrs. Gopal Krishna Gokhale on Gandhiji
This diamond of India, the jewel of Maharashtra, this prince of workers is taking eternal rest on the funeral ground, look at him and try to emulate him Bal Gangadhar Tilak on Gopal Krishna Gokhale
When I went to jail the whole country was alive with the cry of Bande Mataram... when I came out of jail I listened for that cry, but there was instead a silence Aurobindo Ghosh
Bombs and pistols do not make a revolution. The sword of revolution is sharpened on the whetting stone of ideas Bhagat Singh
One individual may die for an idea, but that idea will, after his death, incarnate itself in a thousand lives Subhas Chandra Bose
Every blow on our bodies this afternoon is like a nail driven into the coffin of British imperialism Lala Lajpat Rai
So long as you do not achieve social liberty, whatever freedom is provided by the law is of no avail to you. B.R. Ambedkar
No Indian could have started the Indian National Congress...if an Indian had come forward to start such a movement embracing all Indians, the officials in India would not have allowed the movement to come into existence. Gopal Krishna Gokhale on Indian National Congress
Our nation is like a tree and to the original trunk of Swarajya, two huge branches have emerged in the form of Swadeshi and Boycott Bal Gangadhar Tilak
There is no dream, and if there is,there is only one to see you my children struggling for the same and for which I am expected to be finished Ashfaqulla Khan
Quote Author
A Thing Of Beauty Is Joy For Ever John Keats
Question Answer
Some books are to be tasted, others to be swallowed, and some few to be chewed and digested Francis Bacon
The child is the father of man William Wordsworth
I came, I saw, I conquered (veni, vedi, veci) Julius Caesar
The government of the people, by the people, for the people shall not perish from the earth Abraham Lincoln
But be not agraid of greatness; some are born great, some achieve greatness and some have greatness thrust upon them William Shakespeare
Peace hath her victories no less renowned than war John Milton
Reading maketh a full man; conference a ready man; and writing an exact man Francis bacon
I have nothing to offer but blood, toil, tears and sweat Sir Winston Churchill
A single step for man – a giant leap for mankind Neil Armstrong
Brevity is the soul of wit William Shakespeare
Man is born free and everywhere he is in chains Jean-Jacques Rousseau
Newspapers and their founders
Newspaper/Periodical Started by
Question Answer
Bengal Gazette (1780) (India’s first newspaper) J.A.Hickey
Maharatta, Kesari Bal Gangadhar Tilak
Hitavada Gopal Krishna Gokhale
Voice of India Dadabhai Naoroji
Amrita Bazar Patrika Sisir Kumar Ghosh and Motilal Ghosh
Vande Mataram Bipin Chandra Pal
Statesman Robert Knight
The Hindu Kasturi Ranga Iyengar
Yugantar Bhupendranath Datta, Abhinash Bhattacharya and Barinder Kumar Ghosh
Mooknayak BR Ambedkar
Independent Motilal Nehru
Punjabi Lala Lajpat Rai
The Leader Madan Mohan Malviya
New India and Commonweal Annie Besant
Esays in Indian Economics MG Ranade
Mirat-ul-Akbar (1st Persian Newspaper) Ram Mohan Roy
Sambad Kaumudi Ram Mohan Roy
Samachar Chandrika Bhabani Charan Bandopadhyay
Navjeevan, Young India, Harijan MK Gandhi
Indian Opinion (in South Africa) MK Gandhi
Prabudha Bharat Swami Vivekanand
Hindustan Times K.M.Pannikar
Bombay Chronicle Ferozshah Mehta
Swadeshabhimani Vakkom Moulavi
Din Mitra Mukundrao Patil
The Tribune Sardar Dyal Singh Majithia
Bengalee Surendranath Banerjee
The Socialist S.A. Dange
Navayug Muzaffar Ahmed
Inquilab Ghulam Hussain
Free Hindusthan Taraknath Das

Newspaper/Magazine Editor-in-Chief

Question Answer
The Hindu N. Ravi
The Times of India Jaideep Bose
Indian Express Shekhar Gupta
The New Indian Express Prabhu Chawla
Hindustan Times Sanjoy Narayan
India Today Aroon Purie
Outlook Krishna Prasad
Tughlaq Swaminathan Gurumurthy (Founded by Late Cho Ramaswamy)

Total number of newspapers/periodicals registered in India as on 31.03.2018 1,18,230

Question Answer
The largest number of newspapers/periodicals registered in any Indian language Hindi
The largest circulated daily Anand Bazar Patrika (Bengali)
The second largest circulated daily The Hindustan Times (English)
The largest circulated periodical The Sunday Times of India
The largest circulated multi-edition daily Dainik Bhaskar (Hindi)
The second largest circulated multi-edition daily The Times of India (English)
The state with the largest number of registered publications Uttar Pradesh
Publication Published by
Question Answer
India (Annual publication suffixed with the year) Ministry of Information and Broadcasting
Employment News/Rozgaar Samachar (English, Hindi and Urdu) Ministry of Information and Broadcasting
Yojana (monthly on economic development published in 13 languages) Ministry of Information and Broadcasting
Bal Bharati (Hindi) Ministry of Information and Broadcasting
Aajkal (An international literary and cultural Urdu journal) Ministry of Information and Broadcasting
Kurukshetra (English and Hindi with rural uplift and development as its focus) Ministry of Information and Broadcasting
Energy Statistics Central Statistical Organisation
Question Answer
National Accounts Statistics Central Statistical Organisation
Compendium of Environment Statistics India Central Statistical Organisation
Rail Bandhu Indian Railways
Indian Pharmacopoeia Ministry of Health and Family Welfare
The total number of languages in the world as recorded by Ethnologue, the journal that chronicles the languages of the world 7097
The languages having the highest number of speakers in the world Chinese (Mandarin)
The languages having the second highest number of speakers in the world Spanish
The languages having the third, fourth and fifth highest number of speakers in the world English, Arabic and Hindi respectively
The language which has been adapted as the official language of maximum number of countries (59) is English
The only other country which has Hindi as one its official languages Fiji
The other countries which have Tamil as one their official languages Singapore and Sri Lanka
The official language of Pakistan Urdu
The language having the largest number of native speakers in Pakistan Punjabi
The official language of Bhutan Dzongkha
The official language of Israel Hebrew
The official languages of Afghanistan Dari and Pashto
The official languages of Switzerland German, (63.7%), French (20.4%), Italian (6.5%) and Romansch (0.5%)

Present Name Old Name Year renamed

Question Answer
Thailand Siam 1949
Mali Sudanese Republic 1960
Malawi Nyasaland 1964
Zambia Northern Rhodesia 1964
Botswana Bechuanaland 1966
Lesotho Basutoland 1966
Bangladesh East Pakistan 1971
Sri Lanka Ceylon 1972
Tuvalu Ellice Islands 1976
Vanuatu New Hebrides 1980
Zimbabwe Southern Rhodesia 1980
Burkina Faso Upper Volta 1984
Myanmar Burma 1989
Namibia South West Africa 1990
Democratic Republic of Congo Zaire 1997
Cambodia Kampuchea

Old Names of Cities

Present Name Old Name Country
Question Answer
Ankara Angora Turkey
Beijing Peking China
Istanbul Constantinople Turkey
Ho Chi Minh City Saigon Vietnam
Jakarta Batavia Indonesia
Harare Salisbury Zimbabwe
Volgograd Stalingrad Russia
St Petersburg Leningrad Russia
Yangon Rangoon Myanmar
Oslo Kristania Norway
Nicknames of Countries
Nickname Country
Question Answer
Sugar bowl of the world Cuba
Land of golden fleece Australia
Gift of the Nile Egypt
Land of thousand lakes Finland
Land of white elephants Thailand
Land of the midnight sun Norway
Land of the rising sun Japan
Cockpit of Europe Belgium
Land of thunderbolt Bhutan
Land of the morning calm South Korea
Hermit Kingdom North Korea
Land of golden pagoda Myanmar
Playground of Europe Switzerland
Rainbow Nation South Africa


Nicknames of Cities
Nickname City
Question Answer
Key of the Mediterranean Gibraltar
Eternal City, City of Seven Hills Rome
City of Golden Gate San Fransisco
City of Peace Jerusalem
City of Dreaming Spires Oxford
Big Apple New York

PSUs under Prime Minister of India

Question Answer
Department of SpaceAntrix Corporation Ltd
Department of Atomic EnergyElectronics Corporation of India Ltd Indian Rare Earths Ltd Nuclear Power Corporation of India Ltd Uranium Corporation of India Ltd
PSUs under Ministry of DefenceBharat Dynamics Ltd Bharat Electronics Ltd Garden Reach Shipbuilders and Engineers Ltd Goa Shipyard Ltd Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd Mazagaon Dock Ltd Mishra Dhatu Nigam
PSUs under Ministry of RailwaysBharat Wagon & Engg. Co. Ltd Container Corporation of India Ltd Indian Railway Catering and Tourism Corporation Ircon International Ltd Konkan Railway Corporation Ltd Rail Vikas Nigam Ltd Railtel Corporation India Ltd Rites Ltd