Midterm soc

eshapeesha's version from 2015-07-10 20:29


Question Answer
division of laborspecialization of different people of groups in different tasks, used in bureaucracies
functionalist theorysociety is made of interconnected parts that work together in harmony to maintain a state of balance and social equilibrium for the whole
conflict theorysociety is composed of different groups and interests competing for power and resources
si theory(symbolic interactionist) life is just the meanings people put on events in their life
micro perspectivesymbolic interaction, deals w individual lives and events
macro perspectivefocus on broad social forces that exist above the level of individual people
primary groupcollection of individuals who are together over a relatively long period, whose members have direct contact with and feel emotional attachment to one another
secondary grouprelatively impersonal collection of individuals that is est to perform a specific task
organizationlarge, complex network of positions, created for a specific purpose and characterized by a hierarchical division of labor
soc institutionstable set of roles, statuses, groups, an organizations that provides a foundation for behavior in some major area of social life
statusany named social position that people can occupy
ascribed status social position acquired at birth or taken on involuntarily later in life
achieved status social position acquired through our own efforts or acomplishments, taken voluntarily
roleset of expectations assoc w partiuclar status
manifest functionintended, obvious consequences of activities designed to help some part of the social system
latent functionunintended, unrecognized consequences of activities that help some part of the social system
casual researchcasual ressearch taking place in every day life, noticing things
empirical researchoperates on the assumption that answers to wuestions about human behavior can be ascertained through controlled, systematic observations in the real world
variableany characteristic, attitude, behavior, or event that can take on 2 or more values or attributes
indicatormeasurable event, characteristic, or behavior commonly thought to reflect a particular concept
independent variablevariable presumed to cause or influence dep variable
experimental designresearch method designed to elicit some sort of behavior behavior, typically conducted under closely controlled laboratory circumstances
field researchtype of social research in which the researcher observes events as they actually occur
surveyform of social research in which the researcher asks subjects a series of questions
functionalist theory social changebad bc everything will naturally balance itself out
conflict theory social changeconflict drives social change abruptly and comes through competing interests that change in power
non material vs material culturenon material moves slower, is not concrete things
socializationhow people come to belong to the groups that they do, how one learns to act according to the rules and actions of a culture. dependent on nature and nurture
sex v gendersex at birth, gender identity
meads view of the self"i" is the part that reacts spontaneously without assessing possible consequences, "me" is the socialized, self reflective part of the self that incorporates social norms
generalized otherthe perspective of larger society and its values
role takingpercieve oneself from the perspective of other and to use that perspective in formulating one's own behavior
cooleys stages of acquiring selfrecognize we are distinct, language, looking glass self
looking glass selfour perception of how we appear to another person, est of judgement that person makes of us, emotional feeling about the judgement
goffmanthinks that life is a play and we all strive to obtain favorable outcome
face workactions taken by individuals to make their behavior consistent with the image they want to present
defensive face worktechniques individuals use to ward off potentially embarrassing moments
protective face workprotect others from embarrassment
dramaturgythe study of social life as theater
front stagewhere approporiate appearence is maintained
back stagepreparation for performance is made and impression management can be relaxed
how has marriage changedgone from institutional (culture based) to companionate (happiness based), decline in extended family so now its primarily nulear that impacts us
neo localism

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