Single-celled, prokaryotic, and members of two domains: the Eubacteria & Archaea. Archaea have been on earth for billions of years & live in the presence of methane, high temperature, & very high salt (are extremophiles)
No nucleus & organelles. Have (smaller) ribosomes and cell wall
Have nucleus, organelles, ribosomes, & cell wall
Bacteria that can live without oxygen such as Clostridium
Bacteria that can grow without or without oxygen such as E. Coli
Bacteria that can grow in reduced oxygen levels
Most bacteria are decomposers, some live naturally in the human body (e.g.: E. Coli), a small number cause disease (e.g.: Staphylococcus, Salmonella)
Live at elevated temperatures
Live at moderate temperatures (including 37 degrees Celsius)
Live at cold temperatures
Bacteria that can grow at elevated salt concentrations. (Although many grow in or near isotonic salt conditions)
These bacteria are photosynthetic & produce oxygen
There is no part of the body that bacteria can't infect.
A deadly disease caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae
Enteric or coliform bacteria
A group of Gram-Negative rods that include E. coli, Salmonella, and Shigella cause a variety of infections of the GI tract & also serve as indictors of pollution since they are only found in the gut or in feces.
A nasty spore-forming anaerobic Gram-positive rod that is the cause of tetanus, botulism, Clostridium difficile, & gras gangrene
Has an outer layer of wax/lipid (referred to as acid fast) & causes the diseases tuberculosis & leprosy.
Caused by Bordatella and commonly known as the whooping cough.
(1 of 2 nasty spirochetes) From Borrelia and transmitted by a tick is the cause of __________
(1 of 2 nasty spirochetes) From Treponema, is the cause of ________
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