Microbiology - Final - Part 4 - Treaments

davidwurbel7's version from 2015-08-14 04:19


Question Answer
Staphylococcus aureusMethicillin group (Nafcillin, Oxacillin, Cloxacillin, Dicloxacillin)
MRSAVancomycin or Teicoplanin or Ceftaroline
Staphylococcus epidermidisMethicillin group (Nafcillin, Oxacillin, Cloxacillin, Dicloxacillin)
Staphylococcus saprophyticusMethicillin group (Nafcillin, Oxacillin, Cloxacillin, Dicloxacillin)
Streptococcus pyogenesPenicillin G or Penicillin V
Streptococcus agalactiaePenicillin or Ampicillin + Aminoglycoside
Neonatal meningitisCefotaxime or Penicillin or Ampicillin + Aminoglycoside
Prevention of Neonatal meningitis Streptococcus agalactiae treat the mother withIntrapartum Ampicillin
Bacterial meningitis Streptococcus pneumoniaeCeftriaxone or Vancomycin
Otitis media and/or sinusitis Streptococcus pneumoniaeErythromycin
Viridans StreptococciPenicillin G + aminoglycoside
Streptococcus bovisPenicillin G or Penicillin V
EnterococcusPenicillin G or Penicillin V
Corynebacterium diphtheriaAntitoxin + Erythromycin or Penicillin
Bacillus anthracisCiprofloxacin or Doxycycline
Listeria monocytogenesPenicillin or Ampicillin + Gentamycin
Clostridium tetaniTetanus antitoxin (Locally) + Metronidazole + Tetanus Toxoid (Vaccine)
Clostridium difficileOral Vancomycin or Metronidazole
Clostridium botulinumBotulinum Antitoxin
Gas Gangrene Clostridium perfringensClindamycin or Penicillin (If spread cannot be stopped - Amputation)
Neisseria gonorrhoeaeCeftriaxone
Neisseria meningitidisCeftriaxone (Adult / Child) / Cefotaxime (Infant)
Moraxella catarrhalisAugmentin or Cefuroxime
Mycobacteria tuberculosis treatment for the first two monthsRifampin (RNA Pol) + Isoniazid (Mycolic acid) + Pyrazinamide (cell membrane & wall) + Ethambutol (cell wall)
Mycobacteria tuberculosis treatment for the after two monthsRifampin (RNA Pol) + Isoniazid (Mycolic acid)
Neonatal meningitis E. coli K1 strainCefotaxime
Klebsiella pneumoniaeCefotaxime or Ceftriaxone + Aminoglycoside
ProteusTMP-SMX or Fluoroquinolones (Based on urinalysis)
ShigellaFluoroquinolone or TMP-SMX
Salmonella typhiFluoroquinolones
Yersinia enterocoliticaRehydration (Fluoroquinolones if systemic)
Bordetella pertussisErythromycin
Haemophilus influenzae (Typeable)Ceftriaxone (Adult / Child) / Cefotaxime (Infant)
Haemophilus influenzae (Non-Typeable)Ampicillin
Vibrio choleraRehydrate + Doxycycline
Vibrio parahemolyticus / Vibrio vulnificusDoxycycline
Campylobacter jejuniFluoroquinolones
Helicobacter pyloriProton-pump inhibitor + Ampicillin + Clarithromycin
Disseminated Fungal InfectionAmphoceterin B (Only 2 weeks)
Fungal PneumoniaItraconazole
ETECRehydration (Ciprofloxacin if systemic or patient is immunocompromised)
EPECRehydration (Ciprofloxacin if systemic or patient is immunocompromised)
EIECRehydration (Ciprofloxacin if systemic or patient is immunocompromised)
EHECRehydration (Ciprofloxacin if systemic or patient is immunocompromised)
AIDS drugs zidovudine, stavudine, lamivudineNucleoside Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors (NRTI)
AIDS drugs ritonavir indinavir, nelfinavir,, saquinavir, lopinavir, darunavirProtease Inhibitors

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