robbypowell's version from 2016-03-08 01:11

Chlamydial infection

Question Answer
what are the 2 genuses that fall under the family Chlamydiaceae?Chlamydia & Chlamydophilia
What is the genus of C. pneumoniaeChlamydophilia
What is the genus of C. psittaciChlamydophilia
What is the genus of C. trachomatisChlamydia
Chlamydiaceae's (family) Cell wall is not sensetive to _____, because of the Absence of ____ ____Lysozyme; N-acetylmuramic acid (NAM)
T/F: Chlamydiaceae cell walls contain NAG and NAMFalse (def don't have NAM, and so are not susceptible to Lysozyme)
Chlamydiaceae (family) Possess ribosomes, synthesize proteins, nucleic acid, and lipids, but cannot synthesize ____ATP
Chlamydiaceae lack _____ and so are not susceptible to what antibiotic?peptidoglycan; Penicillin
2 important components of Chlamydiaceae cell wallMOMP (Major Outer Membrane Protein) & OMP2 (Outer Membrane Protein 2)
Reported rates of Chlamydia are 3 times higher in ______ than _____females; males
reproductive and noninfectious form of Chlamydiaceae is called _____ bodyreticulate body
resistant, form of Chlamydiaceae that stimulates uptake into cell, is infectious, but cannot replicate is called ______ bodyelementary body
Trachoma creates problems where in the body?eye
Trachoma serovars primarily infect _____ _____ cellsNonciliated epithelial
_____ bodies enter the body via minute abrasions and lacerationsElementary (infectious & non-reproductive)
LGV serovars replicate in _______ ________ (more invasive); and result in formation of granuloma in lymph nodes draining the site of primary infection, abscesses, or sinus tracts formationMononuclear Phagocytes
____ serovars replicate in Mononuclear PhagocytesLGV
____ serovars primarily infect nonciliated epithelial cellsTrachoma
T/F: Once a patient has recovered from Chlamydia, they develop resistance to the diseaseFalse
T/F: Patients do not develop any resistance to Chlamydia after infectionTrue
chronic keratoconjunctivitis caused by serovars A, B, Ba, C.Trachoma (affects eye)
Venereal infections caused by serovars of ___ to ___D to K
most common sexually transmitted bacterial disease in U.S. (2.8 million new cases annually)Venereal Chlamydia
Dual infections of C. trachomatis and _____ _____ are commonNeisseria gonorrhoeae
name for condition when Symptoms of chlamydial infection develop after successful treatment of gonorrheaPost-gonococcus urethritis
______ syndrome: Urethritis, conjunctivitis, poly-arthritis, & muco-cutaneous lesion Usually occurs in young white man Initiated by genital infection with C. trachomatisReiter’s syndrome
condition of the eye that Mostly occurs in sexually active adults (18- 30 yr) with genital infection (serotypes A, B, Ba, D to K.) from auto-inoculationAdult Inclusion Conjunctivitis
A chronic sexually transmitted disease caused by C. trachomatis (serotypes L1, L2, L2a, L2b, L3)Lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV)
this disease can regress spontaneously or progress to ulceration or genital elephantiasisLymphogranuloma venereum (LGV)
Stain used to test for inclusion bodies in Chlamydia trachomatis infectionIodine stain
test to do if you're sure patient has chlamydia but the other tests come back negativeNAAT (nuclear acid amplification test)
Lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV) is treated with what antibiotic?Doxycycline
newborn conjunctivitis and pneumonia are treated with what antibiotic?Erythromycin
Chlamydophilia _______ is associated with Artherosclerosis, though the connection is unclearpneumoniae
the natural reservoir for Chlamydophilia psittaci is ______BIRDS
Chlamydophilia psittaci is akaParrot Fever (Psittacosis)
Zoonotic Chlamydiaceae disease caused by Inhalation of dried bird excrement, urine, or respiratory secretions; person-to-person transmission is rareParrot Fever (Psittacosis) (Chlamydiaphilia psittica)
Chlamydiaphilia Psittaci first spread to and multiply in _____ and ____. then spread by blood to _____Liver & Spleen; Lungs
2 rx treatments for Psittacosis (Parrot Fever)tetracyclines or macrolides

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