robbypowell's version from 2016-03-07 04:10

Zoonotic diseases

Question Answer
define: Diseases and infections which are naturally transmitted between vertebrate animals and humansZoonotic disease
define: diseases and infections that can be transmitted from human to animalReverse zoonotic disease OR Antrhoponotic disease
Etiologic agent responsible for the Zoonotic disease... the Black PlagueYersinia pestis
Ebola is caused by infection with a virus of the family _______, genus .Filoviridae; Ebolavirus
Ebola is a Filovirus: is it enveloped?Yes non‐segmented, negative-stranded RNA virus
Ebola is a Filovirus: is it segmented?No, NON-SEGMENTED
Ebola is a Filovirus: is it an RNA virus?Yes
Ebolavirus is primarily (initially) contracted by humans from contact with ______Bats
Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation is an important pathogenic effect of what Zoonotic disease?Ebola
Hematemesis means what?Vomiting blood
Massive loss of blood, impairment of immune system, and vascular hyper permeability are symptoms of what Zoonotic disease?Ebola
T/F: Ebola can be transferred by saliva in the late stages of the diseaseFALSE
T'F: Ebola cannot be transferred by saliva in the late stages of the diseaseTRUE
The initial onset of Ebola symptoms looks very much like what other more common disease?Common Flu
Lab findings of EBOLAThrombocytopenia, Leukopenia, prolonged clotting times, & proteinurea
Best diagnostic test for EbolaReal-Time PCR
ZIKA virus is primarily (initially) contracted by humans from contact with ______Mosquitoes
mild febrile illness caused by a mosquito borne virus similar to those that cause dengue and West Nile virus infection.ZIKA virus
What virus can cause deformities in newborn children (or developing fetuses)ZIKA virus
What specific mosquito can carry the Zika virus?Aedes mosquito
T/F: there is no vaccine or medicine to treat Zika virus currentlyTrue
Although people associate rabies with dogs, today the most likely culprit among domesticated animals is ____CATS
Rabies virus has a distinct ______ shape and is of the genus ______Bullet shape; Lyssavirus
T/F: Rabies virus travels through the bloodFALSE
T/F: Rabies virus does not travel through the blood, but the CNSTRUE
Numerous neurological symptoms including hydrophobia (fear of water) are associated with what Zoonotic disease?Rabies
Rabies death usually occurs within ______ of symptom onsetdays
what is the most frequently used test to diagnose Rabies?Direct Fluorescent Antibody test (DFA)
Round or oval inclusions within the cytoplasm of nerve cells of animals infected with rabies are called ______ bodiesNegri bodies
Counting the first day of rabies vaccine treatment as day 0, injections are administered on days 0, ___, ___, ___, and ___.3, 7, 14 & 28
H1N1 is aka ____ fluSwine flu
H5N1 is aka ____ fluAvian flu
Lyme disease is a zoonotic disease caused by what type of pathogen?Bacteria (Borrelia burgdorferi)
5 types of animals that act as reservoirs for toxoplasmosisPigs, Cats, Rats, Deer, & Lamb
what zoonotic disease can be contracted from Touching infected cat feces, eating undercooked meat, or contaminated water drinkingToxoplasmosis
what zoonotic disease from contaminated feces or undercooked meat can affect newborn babies eyes or brains?Toxoplasmosis
pathogen responsible for toxoplasmosis(single-celled parasite called) Toxoplasma gondii
zoonotic disease from contaminated milk, cow, or sheep that affects the genital system and causes abortion of fetusesBrucellosis
veterinarians are at higher risk fro what abortive zoonotic disease?Brucellosis
the main antigen for Yersinia Pestis (black plague)F1 Antigen (Fraction 1 antigen)
Treatment for the bubonic plague (2 medicines)streptomycin, sulfanilamide
Anthrax is sensitive to what form of sterilization?Autoclave (wet heat and pressure) (also sensitive to Oxidants)
3 drugs used for the treatment of AnthraxPenicillin, tetracycline, erythromycin
(enteritis) is an infection of the small intestine that is caused by the parasite ______Cryptosporidium

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