robbypowell's version from 2016-03-05 20:58


Question Answer
T/F: Fransicella is one of the diseases which is considered by CDC as bioterrorism group ATrue
Francisella are Gram _____negative
What is the primary morphology of Francisella?Cocco-Bacillus
Definition: causes disease in both animals and humansZoonotic
3 diseases caused by FrancisellaTularemia, Rabbit fever, & Deer fever
Francisella is resistant to ______ temperatures and sensitive to ______ temperatures and disinfectantsfreezing; heat
For a disease to be considered Category A it must be able to be transmitted how?from person to person
Disease caused by Francisella that is associated with a potential for bioterrorismTularemia
2 species of Francisella that are considered Tularemia bioterrorism threats (Type A & B)tularensis (Type A) & holarctica (Type B)
Type A Tularemia (tularensis) is known for having a/an ______ cycleTerrestrial cycle (cycle is involved in soil)
Type B Tularemia (holartica) is known for having a/an ______ cycleAquatic (cycle of transmission involves water and aquatic life)
Francisella infects mainly ______ (cell type) and replicates to high numbers intracellularyMacrophages
Francisella tularensis has the Ability to infect with as few as ___ CFU10
T/F: Tularemia was much more common in the early part of the 20th century than it is nowTrue
T/F: Tularemia is much more common now than it was in the early part of the 20th centuryFalse
there are about ____ cases of Tularemia per year in the US200
What are four potential sources for contraction of Tularemia?contaminated animal tissues, insect bites, contact with contaminated soil/water, inhalation of infectious aerosols
a ____ infectious dose is needed to contract TularemiaLOW (10-50 organisms minimum)
what is the incubation period for Tularemia?3-5 days
best treatment for Tularemia?antibiotics (esp Streptomycin)
________ tularemia is the most virulent form of the diseaseUlceroglandular (cutaneous ulcer with regional lymphadenopathy)
2 major clinical manifestations of TularemiaFever & Lymph Node inflammation
Pneumonic Tularemia is associated with a (non/productive OR productive) coughNON-productive
best diagnostic test for TularemiaSerum Antibody titer (to F. Tularensis antigen)
can Tularemia be transferred from person to person?No, apparently (but should wash hands and aerosol contamination is a concern)
T/F: Patient isolation is necessary for patients with TularemiaFalse
T/F: Patient isolation is unnecessary for patients with TularemiaTrue
Why are patients with Tularemia often referred to dental clinics?the initial presentation looks like dental abscess
When a patient present for dental abscess but we can find no dental cause for the abscess.... what should we look to for differential diagnosis?Tularemia