Micro Credit 1A

miko1587's version from 2017-02-21 20:03

Section 1

Question Answer
Superbugantibiotic resistant bateria
First Microscope invented by Antony van Leeuwenhoek
Spherical coccus
Rod-shaped bacillus
Spiral spirillum
pleomorphic bacteria irregular shape
Bacterium name related to cell morphology
Virustoxic bc can not be seen under microscope
Prion protein and infection
Spontaneous Generation creation of life from dead or organic material
Serological test use detection of antibodies
Koch's postulates 1 microbe = 1 disease

Section 2

Question Answer
Normal microflora is know as microbiota
Microbiota definition large number of microorganisms on skin and mucosal surface of body
Bioremediation microbes used to clean toxic pollutants
Bioinsecticides microbes to control crop pests
Mutualism both host and microbe benefit
Commensalism host not harmed
Parasitism host harmed, parasite benefits
Infectious disease defined as illness caused by specific infectious agent or toxic product
Etiologic/Etiological agent microorganism that causes particular disease
Etiology cause of disease
Infection invasion of host by microbes
Colonization presence of microbes on skin
Carrier asymptomatic individual who is host to pathogenic microorganism and potential to transmit
Contamination presence of microorganisms on objects
Inapparent Infection infection without clinical symptoms
Clinical Infection infection with clinical symptoms
Endogenous Infection infection arising from patients microflora
Exogenous Infection infection arising from invasion of host by microbes from external source

Section 3

Question Answer
Superinfection occurrence of second infection in course of first infection
Reinfection series of infections by different pathogens
Relapses series of infections by same pathogen
Local infection restricted to port of entry
Generalized infection lyphogenous...spreads from port of entry
Extracellular pathogens live outside the host's cell
Intracellular pathogens live inside of the host's cell
Facultative pathogen can reproduce inside or outside host's cell
Obligate pathogen can reproduce only inside host's cell
Viruses are made up of?protein + RNA or DNA

Section 4

Question Answer
Domain Eukarya
Eukarya Bacteria
Kingdom Animalia
Animalia none
Phylum Chordata
Chordata Proteobacteria
Class Mammalia
Mammalia Gamma-proteobacteria
Order Primates
Primates Eubacteriales
Family Hominoidea
Hominoidea Enterobacteriaceae
Genus Homo
Species Homo Sapiens
Homo Sapiens Escherichia coli

Section 5

Question Answer
Phenetic or Phenotypic Classification phenotype of bacteria
Phylogenetic Classification reflects evolution of group of bacteria
Eukaryotic Cell wall are plants and fungi
Eukaryotic DNALinear
Eukaryotic Histones are: Present
Eukaryotic amino acid is protein synthesis Methionine
Eukaryotic Ribosomes 80S
Eukaryotic Cell Division Mitosis
Prokaryotic Cell wall are Bacteria (peptidoglycan)
Prokaryotic Cell wall are Archaea
Prokaryotic DNA Circular
Prokaryotic Histones are:Only in Archaea
Prokaryotic amino acid is protein synthesis Formylmethionine (bacteria)
Prokaryotic amino acid is protein synthesis Methionine (archaea)
Prokaryotic Ribosomes 70S
Prokaryotic Cell Division Binary fission
Eukaryotic Organelles Cell wall are none
Eukaryotic Organelles DNACircular
Eukaryotic Organelles Histones are: No
Eukaryotic Organelles mino acid is protein synthesis Formylmethionine
Eukaryotic Organelles Ribosomes 70S
Eukaryotic Organelles Cell Division Binary fission

Section 6

Question Answer
Endosymbiosis model of origin of eukaryotes
Taxonomy formal system for organizing, classifying, naming, living organisms
Nomenclature naming of organisms
Bacterial Species population of cells with similar characteristics
Strain subset of bacterial species differing from other bacteria of the same species
Biovar/ Biotype special biochemical or physiologic properties
Serovar/ Serotype distinctive antigenic properties
Pathovar/ Pathotype pathogenic properties of certain hosts
Morphovar/ Morphotype special morphologic features
Phagovar/ Phage type ability to lysed by certain bacterial viruses
Antibiotypes distinctive susceptibility to antibiotics