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Micro 4 - By Population

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gsafsaf's version from 2015-05-27 23:47

Opportunistic infections in HIV pts

Question Answer
Pneumocystitis jiroveciiCD4+ count <200cells/uL
Pneumocystitis jiroveciiRisk factor - oropharyngeal candidiasis
Pneumocystitis jiroveciiTMP-SMX as prophylaxis
Toxoplasma gondiiCD4+ count <100cells/uL
Toxoplasma gondiiTMP-SMX as prophylaxis
Mycobacterium avium complexCD4+ count <50cells/uL
Mycobacterium avium complexAzithromycin prophylaxis
Mycobacterium avium complexgrows well at high temp, grows optimally at 41 C
Histoplasma capsulatumCD4+ count <150cells/uL
Histoplasma capsulatumItraconazole prophylaxis
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Most common culprits of PNEUMONIA

Question Answer
Immunocompromised patientsPneumocystis jirovecii
Atypical/walking pneumoniaMycoplasma pneumoniae
AlcoholicsKlebsiella pneumoniae
Interstitial pneumonia in bird handlersChlamydia psittaci
Bat/bat dropping exposureHistoplasma
S California/NM/W TexasCoccidiodes
Assctd w "currant jelly" sputumKlebsiella pneumoniae
Q FeverCoxiella burnetii
Air conditionersLegionella pneumophila
Children 1 yr or youngerRSV
Neonate (birth-28 days)Group B Strep, E. coli
Children/young adults/college/military recruits/prison inmatesMycoplasma pneumonia
Viral pneumoniaRSV
Wool-sorter's diseaseBacillus anthracis
Ventilator/CF ptsPseudomonas, MRSA
Pontiac feverLegionella pneumophila
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