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Metabolic pathways -sites

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medmaestro's version from 2015-11-03 04:51

Section

METABOLIC PATHWAYSITE OF OCCURRENCE
• GlycolysisCytosol
• Krebs/TCA/Citric acid cycleMitochondrial matrix
• GluconeogenesisPartly in cytosol and in mitochondria
• Glycogenolysis and GlycogenesiCytosol
• HMP shuntCytosol
• Protein synthesiCytosol
• Urea cyclePartly in cytosol and in mitochondria
• Triacylglycerol biosynthesisEndoplasmic reticulum(some are biosynthesized in mitochondria)
• Ether phospholipids, Plasmalogens and PAFs biosynthesisPeroxisomes
• Sphingolipid biosynthesisEndoplasmic reticulum
• Sphingomyelin biosynthesisGolgi apparatus > Plasma membrane
• Glycosphingolipid (Cerebrosides and Gangliosides) biosynthesisGolgi apparatus
• Cholesterol biosynthesisEndoplasmic reticulum > Cytosol
• Fatty acid biosynthesisCytosol
• Monounsaturated fatty acid biosynthesisEndoplasmic reticulum
• Ceramide biosynthesis from serineEndoplasmic reticulum
• Bile acid biosynthesisCytosol
• N-Linked Glycoside biosynthesis :Endoplasmic reticulum
• O-Linked Glycoside biosynthesis :Golgi apparatus
• Glycosaminoglyacans biosynthesisGolgi apparatus
• Elongation of fatty acid chainsEndoplasmic reticulum
• Fatty acid oxidationMitochondria
• Oxidation of very long chain Fatty acidsPeroxisomes (initially until it reaches the Octanyl stage)
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