Mental health chapter 10

tigrebright's version from 2015-10-21 21:12

Section 1

Question Answer
anxiety disordersmental conditions characterized by excessive, irrational dread of everyday situations or fear that is out of proportion to the real danger in a situation
generalized anxiety disordercharacterized by chronic, excessive worrying; physical symptoms can include muscle tension, sleep disturbance, irritability, trouble concentrating and restlessness
obsessive-compulsive disordercharacterized by recurrent obsessive thoughts and compulsive behaviors
panic disordercharacterized by fear of panic attacks
panic attackan unexpected, sudden experience of fear in the absence of danger, accompanied by physical symptoms such as heart palpitations. shortness of breath, chest tightness, dizziness, sweating, nausea, feelings of unreality, chocking sensations or a combination of these; is simply unneeded activation of the body's fight or flight response
post-traumatic stress disordersymptoms include emotional numbing, hyperarousal, anxiety, sleep disorders, and persistent reliving of the event
phobiasa persistent irrational fear of a specific thing or situation, strong enough to cause significant distress, to interfere with functioning and to lead to the avoidance of the thing or situation that causes this reaction
acrophobiafear of heights
agoraphobiafear of environments where the person fears a panic attack might occur
claustrophobiafear of small spaces
social phobia AKA social anxiety disorderfear of social situations where the person fears negative evaluation by others and embarrassing himself in front of others

Section 2

Question Answer
attention deficit/hyperactivity disordercharacterized by a short attention span and impulsive behavior that is inappropriate for the child's developmental age
developmental reading disorder/dyslexiaa learning disability characterized by substandard reading achievement due to the inability of the brain to process symbols
learning disablilitiesdisorders found in children of normal intelligence who have difficulties in learning specific skills such as processing language or grasping mathematical concepts
intellectual disability/mental retardationa diagnosis of significant below-average intellectual adaptive functioning present from birth or early infancy
autistic spectrum disordersdescribes a group of conditions in which a young child has difficulty developing normal social relationships and communication skills, may compulsively follow repetitive routines, and has narrowly focused, intense interest that are sometimes unusal
autisma subgroup of autistic spectrum disorders;significant developmental delays, including speech and language; most have very minimal verbal skills and lack normal social relationships
Asperger's syndromeusually have normal or above-average intelligence but are impaired in social interactions and nonverbal communication
dissociative disordersoccur when normal thought is separated from consciousness
dissociative identity disorder AKA multiple personality disordera mental illness characterized by the presence of two or more distinct personalities, each with its own characteristics, which appear to exist within the same individual
factitious disordera condition in which an individual acts as if he or she has a physical or mental illness when he or she is not really sick; visible symptoms are self-inflicted and seem motivated by a desire for attention and sympathy rather than for external benefits like malingering
factitiousartificial, self-induced or not naturally occurring
factitious disorder by proxya form of child abuse;the mentally ill parent will falsify an illness in a child by making up or inducing symptoms, then seeking medical treatment, even surgery, for the child

Section 3

Question Answer
impulse control disordersa group of psychiatric disorders characterized by a failure to resist an impulse despite potential negative consequences
kleptomaniarepeatedly stealing objects neither for personal use nor for their monetary value
pyromaniarepeated, deliberate fire setting
trichotillomaniarepeated pulling out of one's own hair
bipolar disordercycles of severe mood changes shifting from highs(manic) and severe lows (depression) that affect a person's attitude, energy and ability to function
manic behaviorincludes abnormally elevated mood state, including inappropriate elation, increased irritability, severe insomnia, poor judgement and inappropriate social behavior
depressioncharacterized by lethargy and sadness, as well as the loss of interest or pleasure in normal activities; if severe may lead to feelings of worthlessness and thoughts of death or suicide
dysthymia AKA dysthymic disordera low-grade chronic depression with symptoms that are milder than those of severe depression but are present on a majority of days for 2 or more years
seasonal affective disorder/SADa seasonal bout of depression associated with the decrease in hours of daylight during winter months

Section 4

Question Answer
personality disordera chronic pattern of inner experience and behavior that causes serious problems with relationships and work; pattern is pervasive and inflexible, has an onset in adolescence or early adulthood, is stable over time, and leads to distress or impairment
antisocial personality disordera pattern of disregard for and violation of the rights of others;brings the individual into continuous conflict with society
borderline personality disordercharacterized by impulsive actions, often with the potential for self-harm, as well as mood instability and chaotic relationships
narcissistic personality disordera pattern of extreme preoccupation with the self and complete lack of empathy for others
psychotic disordercharacterized by the loss of contact with reality and deterioration of normal social functioning
catatonic behaviormarked by a lack of responsiveness, stupor, and a tendency to remain in a fixed posture
delusiona false personal belief that is maintained despite obvious proof or evidence to the contrary; the belief is not one ordinarily accepted by other member of the individual's culture or religious faith
hallucinationa sensory perception experienced in the absence of external stimulation
schizophreniaa psychotic disorder usually characterized by withdrawal from reality, illogical pattern of thinking, delusions and hallucinations and accompanied in varying degrees by other emotional, behaviorall or intellectual distrubances
somatoform disorderscharacterized by physical complaints or concerns about one's body that are out of proportion to any physical findings or disease
conversion disordercharacterized by serious temporary or ongoing changes in function, such as blindness or paralysis, that are triggered by psychological factors
hypochondirasisfearing that one has a serious illness despite appropriate medical evaluation and reassurance
malingeringthe intentional creation of false or grossly exaggerated physical or psychological symptoms; motivated by incentives such as avoiding work

Section 5

Question Answer
substance abusethe addictive use of tobacco, alcohol, medications or illegal drugs;leads to significant impairment in functioning, danger to one's self or others, and recurrent legal and/or interpersonal problems
alcoholismchronic alcohol dependence with specific signs and symptoms upon withdrawal
withdrawala psychological or physical syndrome (or both) caused by the abrupt cessation of the use of alcohol or a drug in an addicted individual
delirium tremens AKA dtsinvolves sudden and severe mental changes or seizures caused by abruptly stopping the use of alcohol
drug abusethe excessive use of illegal or recreational drugs, or the misuse of prescription drugs
recreational drugone normally used for personal pleasure or satisfaction rather than medical purposes
drug overdoseaccidental or intentional use of an illegal drug or prescription medicine in an amount higher than what is safe of normal

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