jferrisfsma's version from 2016-03-17 11:32


Question Answer
Declarative Memorycontrolled consciously and intentionally; explicit memory
Non-Declarative Memoryinfluences our perceptions without our knowledge or awareness; implicit memory
Working MemoryShort-term memory system that allows us to store and process information for immediate use
Episodic Memorya person's unique memory of a specific event
Semantic MemoryLong-term memory system that stores general knowledge
PrimingAutomatic and unconscious process that can improve the speed and accuracy of a response; the result of past experience
Procedural MemoryRecalling a learned process for a task; “muscle memory”
Classical Conditioninga learning process that occurs when two stimuli are repeatedly paired; a response that is at first elicited by the second stimulus is eventually elicited by the first stimulus alone
Phonological Loopshort-term verbal store; information kept active by vocal rehearsal (repeating things over and over)
Visuospatial Sketchpadshort-term store or visual and spatial information
Episodic Bufferholds information from phonological loop and visuospatial sketchpad for short periods of time
Central Executivecoordinates phonological loop, visuospatial sketchpad and episodic buffer
Serial Position Effecteffect an item’s position on a list has on how well it is recalled.
Primacy Effectconcept that the first items in a list receive a great deal of rehearsal - more likely to be transferred into long-term memory
Recency Effectis the concept that people tend to report the last items of a list first while those items are still in their working memory
Prospective Memoryis the memory for tasks to be completed in the future
Shallow ProcessingFocuses on the physical features of an item rather than its meaning; maintenance rehearsal
Deep ProcessingFocuses on the meaning of an item and involves forming associations between old and new information; elaborative rehearsal