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Medicine HEENT

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nicoledemott's version from 2017-10-26 21:37

Section

Question Answer
Swelling to the optic disc?Papilledema
Increased bilateral cranial pressure from a mass causes?Papilledema
S/S is "curtain coming down?" Retinal Detachment
S/S is "cobweb vision"Retinal Hemorrhage
This causes the absence of a red light reflex?Retinoblastoma
This causes Leukocoria Retinoblstoma
Sudden, painless U/L vision loss minutes to permanent is called?Faux Amaurosis
Faux Amaurosis is associated with what?Central Retinal Artery Occlusion
A "cherry red spot" is seen on PECentral Retinal Artery Occlusion
This causes gradual vision loss and "blood and thunder" is seen on PECentral Retinal Vein Occlusion
Extensive hemorrhaging seen on PE is termed"Blood and Thunder"
Vegetation from the cardiac leaflet Central Retinal Artery Occlusion
Most common cause of Optic neuritisMS & TB Drug (ethambutol)
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Section 2

Question Answer
PE shows extensive hemorrhaging and neovascularizatonDiabetic Retinopathy
Treatment for neovascularizationTOC is Laser Photocoagulation
Gradual onset of vision loss affecting central visionAge Related Macular Degeneration
Drusen is indicative ofAge related Macular Degeneration
Tx for CataractsSurgery
Emergent Tx is Antiglaucoma agents (Timolol & Acetazolamide) - Beta Blockers forClosed angle glaucoma
Increased intraocular pressure caused by compression of the optic nerveGlaucoma
Benign growth that crosses the limbusPterygium
Benign growth that does not cross the limbusPinguecula
Tumor/Trauma to CN III, CN IV, or CN VI PalsyAcquired Strabismus
The developing brain suppresses images to compensate for StrabismusAmblyopia
PE test is Cover/Uncover testStrabismus
Ischemic transient vision lossAmaurosis Fugax
EBV Can lead toNasopharynx Cancer
HPV can lead toOropharynx Cancer
What is the most common conjunctivitisViral Conjunctivitis
Most common cause of viral conjunctivitisadenovirus & HSV
This is common ointment treatment, Tobramycin (Tobrex) , Sulfacetamide, ErythromycinBacterial Conjunctivitis
Artificial tears and antihistamines treat which conjunctivitisAllergic Conjunctivitis
Inflammation of the corneaKeratitis
Photophobia so severe lights need to be turned offUveitis
Sarcoidosis is a common pt for thisUveitis
PE shows "Cell & Flare"Uveitis
Severe infection of UveitisHypopopyon
WBC clump and clustersHypopopyon
A dendritic lesion is found on PEHerpatic Keratitis
Lid margin swelling, crusting, rednessBlepharitis
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Section 3

Question Answer
Acute, tender swollen mass near lid marginHordeolum
Chronic, Non- infectious blocked glandChalazion
Infection of eyelid and periocular tissue anterior to orbital septumPreseptal Periorbital Cellulitis
TX of a child presenting with infectious periocular tissueAdmit, ceftriaxone, vancomycin
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