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Medicine and Public Health - Medicine & Treatment c1750 - c1900 (2)

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megrusson's version from 2015-05-24 11:56

Section 1

Question Answer
DOCTORS AND TRAINING
What changed for training of doctors in the beginning of the 1700s?A small number of criminals' bodies began to be used for dissection in medical schools and hospitals.
In which year did the Society of Apothecaries and Royal College of Surgeons introduce exams?1815
In what year was the General Medical Council set up, and why?1858, so that all qualified doctors had to be registered.
Were doctors respected at the beginning of the 1700s?Not always, as they could still do relatively little to treat disease.
What did Pasteur's work do for training?More emphasis on using microscopes and understanding illness, and gaining practical experience was encouraged.
What were 'body snatchers' and when did they operate?In the 1700s to early 1800s, body snatchers dug up newly buried bodies to provide specimens for students.
What and when was the Anatomy Act?1832, allowing licensed doctors to take the corpse of anyone dying in the workhouse, if their family did not claim them.
Who was John Hunter and when did he live?1728-1793, he dissected people, built up a huge collection of human and animal specimens, carried out investigations on STIs and studied conditions like arthritis.
Why was John Hunter so important?His lectures on anatomy were legendary, he emphasised the importance of observation, trained Jenner and published several important works, such as his book on pregnancy.
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Section 2

Question Answer
PROFESSIONALISATION OF WOMEN IN MEDICINE
From which year could women qualify as doctors at British universities?1877
Where did Florence Nightingale train?Kaiserwerth hospital in Germany
When was the Crimean War?1854-1856
Where did Nightingale make the most impact during the Crimean War?Scutari hospital
How did the death rate change at Scutari as a result of Nightingale's work?From 42% - 2%
In what year did the Society of Apothecaries reluctantly accept Elizabeth Garrett-Anderson?1865
What did Florence Nightingale believe was the cause of disease?The miasma theory, so she emphasised cleanliness and fresh air
When was the Nightingale School for Nurses established?1860
Which book did Nightingale write that was translated into 11 languages?'Notes On Nursing'
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Section 3

Question Answer
HOSPITALS AND CARE OF THE SICK
Where did the old, sick or disabled go in the mid-1800s?The workhouses
In the 1860s how many people were being 'cared for' in the workhouses?65,000
Was there public concern about care for the poor in the 1800s?Yes, and this public pressure caused infirmaries to be built separate from the workhouses that had a full time doctor.
Where would you be treated if you were in the middle to upper classes?Often at home, by a good doctor.
What kind of hospitals were built in the 1870s?Mental asylums and 'fever houses' for people with infectious diseases
When was the Great Ormond Street Hospital for sick children opened?1852
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Section 4

Question Answer
PATENT MEDICINES AND PHARMACIES
In which century did the pharmaceutical industry begin to grow?19th century
In which year was a machine to make standardised pills invented?1844
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Section 5